Suchprofil: unterwertige_Beschäftigung
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 06/16



   Journal= {Journal of Economic Inequality},
   Volume= {11},
   Number= {2},
   Author= {Fabián Slonimczyk},
   Title= {Earnings inequality and skill mismatch in the U.S. : 1973–2002},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {163-194},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1569-1721},
   Abstract= {"This paper shows that skill mismatch is a significant source of inequality in real earnings in the U.S. and that a substantial fraction of the increase in wage dispersion during the period 1973 - 2002 was due to the increase in mismatch rates and mismatch premia. In 2000 - 2002, surplus and deficit qualifications taken together accounted for 4.3 and 4.6% of the variance of log earnings, or around 15% of the total explained variance. The dramatic increase in over-education rates and premia accounts for around 20 and 48% of the increase in the Gini coefficient during the 30 years under analysis for males and females respectively. The surplus qualification factor is important in understanding why earnings inequality polarized in the last decades." (Author's abstract, © Springer-Verlag) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnunterschied - Ursache; mismatch; qualifikationsspezifische Faktoren; Bildungsertrag; Überqualifikation; Unterqualifikation; unterwertige Beschäftigung; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1973; E 2002},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J31},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 388},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k160615r01},

   Journal= {International Journal of Manpower},
   Volume= {37},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Dieter Verhaest and Elsy Verhofstadt},
   Title= {Overeducation and job satisfaction : the role of job demands and control},
   Year= {2016},
   Pages= {456-473},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0143-7720},
   Abstract= {"Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate how job demands and control contribute to the relationship between overeducation and job satisfaction.
Design/methodology/approach: The analysis is based on data for Belgian young workers up to the age of 26. The authors execute regression analyses, with autonomy, quantitative demands and job satisfaction as dependent variables. The authors account for unobserved individual heterogeneity by means of panel-data techniques.
Findings: The results reveal a significant role of demands and control for the relationship between overeducation and job satisfaction. At career start, overeducated workers have less control than adequately educated individuals with similar skills levels, but more control than adequately educated employees doing similar work. Moreover, their control increases faster over the career than that of adequately educated workers with a similar educational background. Finally, demands have less adverse effects on satisfaction for high-skilled workers, irrespective of their match, while control moderates the negative satisfaction effect of overeducation.
Research limitations/implications: Future research should look beyond the early career and focus on other potential compensation mechanisms for overeducation. Also the role of underlying mechanisms, such as job crafting, deserves more attention.
Practical implications: The results suggest that providing more autonomy is an effective strategy to avoid job dissatisfaction among overeducated workers.
Originality/value: The study connects two areas of research, namely, that on overeducation and its consequences and that on the role of job demands and control for workers' well-being. The results contribute to a better understanding why overeducation persists. Moreover, they are consistent with the hypothesis that employers hire overeducated workers because they require less monitoring and are more able to cope with demands, although more direct evidence on this is needed." (Author's abstract, © Emerald Group) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Überqualifikation; Arbeitszufriedenheit - Determinanten; Arbeitsanforderungen; berufliche Autonomie; junge Erwachsene; Berufsanfänger; Berufsverlauf; unterwertige Beschäftigung; mismatch; Belgien; Flandern; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1999; E 2004},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 267},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k160615r07},


   Journal= {IZA Journal of Migration},
   Volume= {5},
   Author= {Yigit Aydede and Atul Dar},
   Title= {The cost of immigrants' occupational mismatch and the effectiveness of postarrival policies in Canada},
   Year= {2016},
   Pages= {Art. 9, 23},
   ISBN= {ISSN 2193-9039},
   Abstract= {"Using the 2006 Census, we create a continuous index that quantifies the relatedness between 1375 fields of study and 520 occupations for native-born workers and use it as the benchmark reflecting the 'common' matching quality in Canadian labor markets that internationally educated immigrant workers could achieve in the long run. This allows us to approximate the cost of the occupational mismatch of immigrants by estimating the change in their earnings had they been distributed identically to the native born in terms of relatedness. Although the results show a significant and persistent poor matching quality for foreign-educated immigrants, their relative underutilization cost is negligible." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einwanderer; ausländische Arbeitnehmer; mismatch; Einwanderungspolitik; berufliche Integration; matching - Qualität; unterwertige Beschäftigung; Überqualifikation; Lohnunterschied; Inländer; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; volkswirtschaftliche Kosten; Kanada; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2006; E 2006},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J6; J15; J61},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 914},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k160525802},

   Journal= {Education Economics},
   Number= {online first},
   Author= {Christina Boll and Julian Sebastian Leppin and Klaus Sch{\"o}mann},
   Title= {Who is overeducated and why? : probit and dynamic mixed multinomial logit analyses of vertical mismatch in East and West Germany},
   Year= {20},
   Pages= {24},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0964-5292},
   Abstract= {"Überqualifikation ist ein zuweilen übersehener Aspekt in der Debatte um ungenutzte Fachkräftepotenziale. Aber wer ist überqualifiziert, und warum? Basierend auf Daten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) der Wellen 1984-2011 schätzen wir mit Probitmodellen die Wahrscheinlichkeit für neue Überqualifikation sowie mit dynamischen Multinomialen Mixed Logit-Modellen mit zufälligen Effekten die Wahrscheinlichkeit für Überqualifikation unter Berücksichtigung von Pfadabhängigkeit und unbeobachteter Populationsheterogenität. Das Messfehlerproblem kontrollieren wir durch drei verschiedene Spezifikationen der abhängigen Variable, die selbsteingeschätzte Überqualifikation, die statistische Überqualifikation (Realized Matches) sowie eine Kombination aus beidem. Wir führen die Schätzungen getrennt für Männer und Frauen, Ost- und Westdeutsche sowie Personen mittlerer und hoher Bildung durch. Unsere Analysen zeigen, dass Überqualifikation ein hohes Beharrungsvermögen hat. Allerdings vermindert Erwerbserfahrung das Risiko der Überqualifikation auch im dynamischen Modell unter Kontrolle unbeobachteter Heterogenität. Narbeneffekte früherer Arbeitslosigkeit hingegen zeigen sich in einem höheren Überqualifikationsrisiko. Weder ein Arbeitgeberwechsel noch (bei Akademiker/innen) eine Doppelqualifikation in Form von Lehre plus Studium taugen als wirksame Ausweichstrategien. Um Überqualifikation im Job zu vermindern, scheinen Strategien, die kontinuierliche Erwerbskarrieren fördern, vielversprechend zu sein. Für bestimmte Gruppen am Arbeitsmarkt (Migranten, Mütter) erschweren zudem institutionelle Barrieren ein gutes Jobmatch, die es gezielt anzugehen gilt" (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"Overeducation is an often overlooked facet of untapped human resources. But who is overeducated and why? Relying on SOEP data 1984-2011, we use probit models for estimating the likelihood of entering overeducation and dynamic mixed multinomial logit models with random effects addressing state dependence and unobserved heterogeneity. As further robustness checks we use three specifications of the target variable, i.e. realized matches, self-assessment and twofold overeducation. We run separate analyses for men and women, East and West Germans and medium and highly educated persons. We find that overeducation is mainly state dependent. Nonetheless, even in the dynamic context staying employed proves to be risk-decreasing. By contrast, scars of past unemployment show up in a higher mismatch risk. Moreover, an employer change does not serve as a suitable exit strategy, and a dual qualification does not show up as a valid insurance against graduates' job mismatch. Overall, effects largely depend on the operationalization of overeducation. We conclude that to combat overeducation, focusing on continuous employment careers and circumventing unintentional withdrawals from the current job is crucial. Moreover, institutional impediments that restrain job match quality for certain groups (migrants, mothers) have to be tackled." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Überqualifikation - Determinanten; regionaler Vergleich; mismatch; unterwertige Beschäftigung; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Hochqualifizierte; mittlere Qualifikation; Arbeitslosigkeit; Berufsverlauf; Mütter; Einwanderer; ausländische Arbeitnehmer; Arbeitszeit; Beschäftigungsform; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Ostdeutschland; Westdeutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1984; E 2011},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J24; C25; C33; J71},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 027},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k160615r04},


   Institution={OECD, Economics Department (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Nicola Brandt},
   Title= {Making better use of skills and migration in Poland},
   Year= {2016},
   Pages= {34},
   Address= {Paris},
   Series= {OECD Economics Department working papers},
   Number= {1301},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1815-1973},
   Abstract= {"To continue catching up with living standards in other OECD countries Poland needs to invest in higher skills. Crucial elements include: i) making sure that all children have access to high-quality early childhood education; ii) strengthening the basic skills of vocational education students and the relevance of their studies through stronger links with firms; and iii) improving the quality of universities by linking university teachers' pay and career progress with their teaching and research performance. The Polish government has taken action in many of these areas. More needs to be done to put immigrants' skills to better use. Polish return migrants frequently complain about difficulties in using their skills acquired abroad, while many immigrants of foreign origin work in professions that do not match their qualifications. Ongoing reforms to improve recognition of foreign credentials and new possibilities to validate work experience through formal qualifications will be helpful." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Bildungspolitik; Berufsbildungspolitik; Elementarbereich; Hochschulpolitik; Einwanderer; adäquate Beschäftigung; Qualifikationsverwertung; Pole; Rückwanderung; unterwertige Beschäftigung; berufliche Qualifikation - Anerkennung; Weiterbildungsbeteiligung; matching; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Kompetenzniveau; Erwachsene; Polen; },
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: F22; I23; I25; I28},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k160613r09},

   Institution={National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Edward P. Lazear and Kathryn L. Shaw and Christopher T. Stanton},
   Title= {Who gets hired? : the importance of finding an open slot},
   Year= {2016},
   Pages= {46},
   Address= {Cambrige, Mass.},
   Series= {NBER working paper},
   Number= {22202},
   Abstract= {"A model of hiring into posted job slots suggests hiring is based on comparative advantage: being hired depends not only on one's own skill but also on the skills of other applicants. The model has numerous implications. First, bumping of applicants occurs when one job-seeker is slotted into a lower paying job by another applicant who is more skilled. Second, less able workers are more likely to be unemployed because they are bumped. Third, vacancies are higher for harder to fill skilled jobs. Fourth, some workers are over-qualified for their jobs whereas others are under-qualified. These implications are borne out using four different data sets." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Personaleinstellung; Personalauswahl; Glück; offene Stellen; Arbeitsuchende; Wettbewerb; Arbeitsmarktrisiko; qualifikationsspezifische Faktoren; Arbeitsplatzdichte; matching; Überqualifikation; Arbeitslosigkeit; Unterqualifikation; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2006; E 2010},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: D83; J01; J2; J21; J23; J24; J6; J62; J64; M5; M51},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k160509r24},

6 von 334 Datensätzen ausgegeben.