Suchprofil: berufliche_Mobilität
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 05/18



   Journal= {Research in Social Stratification and Mobility},
   Volume= {54},
   Number= {April},
   Author= {Dominik Becker and Klaus Birkelbach},
   Title= {Social mobility and subjective well-being revisited : the importance of individual locus of control},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {1-20},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0276-5624},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: soziale Mobilität; Lebenssituation - Zufriedenheit; Wahrnehmung; Intergenerationsmobilität - Auswirkungen; Glück; sozialer Abstieg; sozialer Aufstieg; psychosoziale Faktoren; Persönlichkeitsmerkmale - Auswirkungen; Selbstverantwortung; berufliche Mobilität; Schüler; Gymnasium; Lebenslauf; Berufsverlauf; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Nordrhein-Westfalen; Köln; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1969; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 2109},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180425v03},

   Journal= {The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy},
   Volume= {18},
   Number= {2},
   Author= {Martin Biewen and Stefanie Seifert},
   Title= {Potential parenthood and career progression of men and women : A simultaneous hazards approach},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {22},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1935-1682},
   Abstract= {"We analyze individual career transitions of men and women in Germany. Our particular focus is on the association of upward, downward and horizontal job changes with individual fertility. In contrast to most of the literature, we focus on potential rather than realized fertility. Based on mixed multivariate proportional hazard models with competing risks, we find a significant negative relationship between the contemporaneous probability of having a child and horizontal career transitions for women and a positive significant association of the hazard of parenthood with upward career transitions for men. These effects persist when we apply fixed-effects panel data models allowing for correlation of individual parenthood hazards with unobserved individual characteristics. Our results suggest clear gender differences in the relationship between career patterns and potential fertility." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Kinderwunsch - Auswirkungen; Familienplanung; Elternschaft; Berufsverlauf; Männer; Frauen; berufliche Mobilität; beruflicher Aufstieg; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; beruflicher Abstieg; IAB-Datensatz Arbeiten und Lernen; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J6; J7; M5},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 2088},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180424303},

   Journal= {Empirica},
   Volume= {45},
   Number= {2},
   Author= {Antonio Caparrós Ruiz},
   Title= {Intergenerational occupational dynamics before and during the recent crisis in Spain},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {367-393},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0340-8744},
   Abstract= {"The relationship between the socio-economic status of parents and children is referred to by the literature as intergenerational social mobility. Low mobility implies that human capital, skills and talent can be misallocated. As a consequence, the workers' efforts, their motivation and productivity could be negatively affected, causing adverse effects on economy growth and competitiveness. This paper attempts to study the evolution of intergenerational social mobility before and during the recent economic crisis in Spain. The methodology applied consists in analysing the movements along the occupational scale of children with respect to their parents. This involves associating the National Classification of Occupations with the New International Socio-economic Index of Occupational Status. Statistic and econometric methods are used to assess these occupational transitions and to analyse the covariates' effects on them. Data used corresponds to the 2005 and 2011 Living Condition Survey (INE 2005, 2011)." (Author's abstract, © Springer-Verlag) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Intergenerationsmobilität; soziale Mobilität; Wirtschaftskrise; Konjunkturabhängigkeit; berufliche Mobilität; beruflicher Aufstieg; beruflicher Abstieg; Spanien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2005; E 2011},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: C10; J62},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 591},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180424v03},

   Journal= {Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies},
   Volume= {44},
   Number= {7},
   Author= {Sebnem Eroglu},
   Title= {Trapped in small business? An investigation of three generations of migrants from Turkey to Western Europe},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {1214-1232},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1369-183X},
   Abstract= {"This article examines the self-employment behaviour of three generations of migrants from Turkey living in Europe to understand its implications for their economic adaptation into the receiving societies. It specifically investigates the likely generational differences in their propensity to engage in small businesses and the extent to which they are transmitted across generations. The research is based on the 2000 Families Survey, which draws parallel samples of migrant and non-migrant families from their origins in Turkey and traces them across Turkey and Europe over multiple generations. The data are drawn from a subset of personal interviews with 1743 economically active settlers nested within 836 families. The results challenge the assimilation theory but lend support to the disadvantage thesis by demonstrating that the younger generations, including the better educated, are significantly engaged in small, low-status businesses of their parents regardless of their language proficiency, citizenship status and country of residence." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einwanderer; Intergenerationsmobilität; berufliche Mobilität; erste Generation; zweite Generation; dritte Generation; Unternehmer; Kleinbetrieb; ausländische Arbeitgeber; berufliche Selbständigkeit; Türke; Unternehmensnachfolge; Westeuropa; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2010; E 2012},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1113},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180420v06},

   Journal= {Comparative European Politics},
   Number= {online first},
   Author= {Corinna Kroeber and Vanessa Marent and Jessica Fortin-Rittberger and Christina Eder},
   Title= {Still a glass ceiling? Tracing the limits to women's representation in elected office},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {20},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1472-4790},
   Abstract= {"This article investigates the representation of women on the three subnational levels of government in Germany from 1995 to 2013, drawing on a novel data collection. Although longitudinal trends point to an overall increase on the national level, we find large variations - both upturns and downturns - from one election to the next on the state, district, and municipal levels. Our results suggest that a saturation point in women's representation in subnational assemblies, located around 25%, largely accounts for these fluctuations. Assemblies featuring a high proportion of female officeholders before an election are more likely to experience stagnation and declines in subsequent elections. Legislatures with a low share of female representatives prior to an election, by contrast, experience the largest positive changes in their proportion of women. These findings contradict established theories that lead us to expect women's representation to follow a self-reinforcing process, with parity as an end point. Rather, we find that women hit a 'glass ceiling' far sooner." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Frauen; Geschlechterverteilung; Mobilitätsbarriere; beruflicher Aufstieg; Landesregierung; Wahlverhalten; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Kommunalverwaltung; Abgeordneter; Parlament; Politiker; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1995; E 2013},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 287},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180420v21},


   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Ronald Bachmann and Rahel Felder},
   Title= {Labour market transitions, shocks and institutions in turbulent times : a cross-country analysis},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {41},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA discussion paper},
   Number= {11443},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"This paper analyses the impact of the business cycle on labour market dynamics in EU member states and the US during the first decade of the 21st century. Using unique measures of labour market flows constructed from worker-level micro data, we examine to what extent macro shocks were transmitted to national labour markets. We apply the approach by Blanchard and Wolfers (2000) to analyse the role of the interaction of macroeconomic shocks and labour market institutions for worker transitions in order to explain cross-country differences in labour market reactions in a period including the Great Recession. Our results suggest a significant influence of trade unions in channelling macroeconomic shocks. Specifically, union density moderates these impacts over the business cycle, i.e. countries with stronger trade unions experience weaker reactions of the unemployment rate and of worker transitions." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitsmarktentwicklung - internationaler Vergleich; Konjunkturabhängigkeit; Wirtschaftskrise; institutionelle Faktoren; Gewerkschaft; Arbeitslosigkeitsentwicklung; Arbeitslosenquote; labour turnover; Rezession; Arbeitslosigkeit - Zu- und Abgänge; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Kündigungsschutz; Europa; Österreich; Belgien; Tschechische Republik; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Dänemark; Estland; Spanien; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Ungarn; Italien; Luxemburg; Norwegen; Polen; Portugal; Schweden; Slowakei; Slowenien; Großbritannien; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1999; E 2013},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J6; E24; E32},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180412v31},

   Institution={National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Daniel F. Heuermann and Johannes F. Schmieder},
   Title= {The effect of infrastructure on worker mobility : evidence from high-speed rail expansion in Germany},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {34},
   Address= {Cambrige, Mass.},
   Series= {NBER working paper},
   Number= {24507},
   Abstract= {"We use the expansion of the high-speed rail network in Germany as a natural experiment to examine the causal effect of reductions in commuting time between regions on the commuting decisions of workers and their choices regarding where to live and where to work. We exploit three key features in this setting: i) investment in high-speed rail has, in some cases dramatically, reduced travel times between regions, ii) several small towns were connected to the high-speed rail network only for political reasons, and iii) high-speed trains have left the transportation of goods unaffected. Combining novel information on train schedules and the opening of high-speed rail stations with panel data on all workers in Germany, we show that a reduction in travel time by one percent raises the number of commuters between regions by 0.25 percent. This effect is mainly driven by workers changing jobs to smaller cities while keeping their place of residence in larger ones. Our findings support the notion that benefits from infrastructure investments accrue in particular to peripheral regions, which gain access to a large pool of qualified workers with a preference for urban life. We find that the introduction of high-speed trains led to a modal shift towards rail transportation in particular on medium distances between 150 and 400 kilometers." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Schienenverkehr; Infrastrukturpolitik - Auswirkungen; regionale Mobilität; Arbeitskräftemobilität; berufliche Mobilität; Pendler; Arbeitsweg; Arbeitsplatzwahl; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1991; E 2010},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J61; R12; R23; R40},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180420v16},

   Institution={Institut f{\"u}r Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, N{\"u}rnberg (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Veronika J. Knize Estrada},
   Title= {Migrant women labor-force participation in Germany : Human capital, segmented labor market, and gender perspectives},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {99},
   Address= {N{\"u}rnberg},
   Series= {IAB-Discussion Paper},
   Number= {12/2018},
   ISBN= {ISSN 2195-2663},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Dieser Beitrag analysiert individuelle, strukturelle und kulturelle Faktoren, welche die Erwerbsbeteiligung von Migrantinnen in Deutschland beeinflussen. Migrantinnen weisen eine geringere Erwerbsbeteiligung als Einheimische auf und auch ihr Beschäftigungsstatus und ihre Verdienste unterscheiden sich stark. Deshalb untersuche ich die Erwerbsbeteiligung der Migrantinnen durch die Auswertung der Querschnittsdaten der IAB-SOEP Migrationsstichprobe 2013 mit einem multiplen linearen Regressionsansatz. Die Analyse stützt sich auf drei Ansätze, die Erklärungen für das Beschäftigungsverhalten von Migrantinnen bieten: die Humankapitaltheorie, die segmentierte Arbeitsmarkttheorie und die in der deutschen Forschung weniger untersuchte kulturelle Hypothese. Der Beschäftigungsstatus von Migrantinnen ist im Prinzip als die Entscheidung eines Haushaltsmitgliedes zu sehen, aber sie ist eingebettet in länderübergreifende kulturelle Prozesse und wird auch durch betriebliche bzw. institutionelle Strukturen eingeschränkt. Die Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass klassische Elemente des Humankapitals weniger verlässliche Prädiktoren für das Arbeitskräfteangebot von Frauen sind: So wirkt sich eine im Ausland erworbene Hochschulbildung kaum auf die berufliche Teilhabe aus. Eine nahöstliche oder nordafrikanische Herkunft, die muslimische Religion sowie höhere Religiosität korrelieren mit der Erwerbsbeteiligung von Frauen negativ. Dies spiegelt eine traditionelle geschlechtsspezifische Arbeitsteilung wider, wobei eine Ausbildung in Deutschland diesen Effekt erheblich abschwächt. Die geringere Erwerbsbeteiligung von Migrantinnen dürfte damit teilweise dadurch erklärt werden, dass Zuwanderer im Durchschnitt weniger gebildet und traditioneller eingestellt sind als Einheimische. Zudem sind ihre Fähigkeiten nur beschränkt auf den deutschen Arbeitsmarkt übertragbar." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"This paper analyzes individual, structural, and cultural factors that influence the labor-force participation of migrant women in Germany. Considering the well-established evidence that immigrant women work less than natives, with statuses and earnings differing significantly between them, I investigate the economic activity of the former by examining the cross-sectional data from the IAB-SOEP Migration Sample 2013 with multiple linear regression techniques. This evaluation is supported by three approaches which offer explanations for their employment behavior: human capital theory, segmented labor market theory, and the less examined in German research cultural hypothesis. Migrant women's employment status is, in principle, one's decision as member of a household; nevertheless, it is embedded in cross-national cultural processes and also constrained by structures; e.g., by employers and institutions. The analysis shows that classic human capital elements appear to be less reliable predictors of women's labor supply: higher education attained abroad is only marginally related to women participating in the workforce. The Middle-Eastern and North African origin, the Muslim religion, and higher levels of religiosity are negatively associated to women's labor participation reflecting a traditional gendered work division. This effect is minimized when controlling for German education, however. I argue that the lower labor-force participation among migrant women is partially explained by the fact that immigrants are on average less educated and more traditional than natives, having skills that are only restrictively transferable into the German labor market." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: ausländische Frauen; Einwanderer; ausländische Arbeitnehmer; Erwerbsbeteiligung; Qualifikationsstruktur; Arbeitsmarktsegmentation; kulturelle Faktoren; IAB-SOEP-Migrationsstichprobe; Humankapitalansatz; institutionelle Faktoren; Muslime; Herkunftsland; Segmentationstheorie; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2013; E 2013},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: O15; J15; J70; Z12},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180423306},

   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {David C. Maré},
   Title= {The labor market in New Zealand, 2000-2017 : employment has grown steadily and the gender gap and skill premiums have fallen},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {11},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA world of labor},
   Number= {427},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Neuseelands Arbeitsmarkt hat sich von der 2008 einsetzenden Rezession zunächst nur schleppend erholt. Erst ab 2013 sorgten mehr Nettozuwanderung, Beschäftigungswachstum und ein rascherer Rückgang der Arbeitslosigkeit für eine beschleunigte Erholung. Die Arbeitsmarktliquidität ist dabei seit 2008 niedrig geblieben: die Kennziffern von Beschäftigungsaufnahmen und -beendigungen, Arbeitsplatzverlusten und -zuwächsen rangieren nach wie vor unter dem Niveau von 2008. Bei insgesamt mäßigem Einkommenswachstum hat sich die Lohnkluft zwischen den Geschlechtern zwar verringert, bleibt jedoch für Frauen ab 30 Jahren signifikant. Sinkende Lohnvorteile bei akademischer Qualifikation und ein wachsender Qualifikations- Mismatch markieren die Herausforderung, das Bildungsangebot an die Arbeitsmarktanforderungen anzupassen." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"New Zealand entered an economic downturn in the first quarter of 2008, which was prolonged by the global financial crisis later that year. The labor market recovery was slow until 2013, when net immigration, employment growth, and unemployment declines all picked up. Labor market liquidity has remained low since the 2008 downturn, with rates of job starts, job ends, job creation, and job destruction all still below pre-2008 levels. Overall earnings growth has been modest, though slightly faster for women, leading to a narrowing of the gender wage gap; however, the gap remains significant for women aged 30 and over. Falling wage premiums for tertiary education and growing skill mismatch highlight the challenges of keeping education provision aligned with the labor market." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitsmarktentwicklung; Beschäftigungsentwicklung; ethnische Gruppe; Minderheiten; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Arbeitslosigkeitsentwicklung; Lohnentwicklung; Jugendarbeitslosigkeit; Erwerbsquote; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Lohnunterschied; job turnover; Neuseeland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2000; E 2017},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180420v12},

   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {W. Craig Riddell},
   Title= {The labor market in Canada, 2000-2016 : a strong resource boom that benefited Canada's economy and labor market was followed by a painful adjustment},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {12},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA world of labor},
   Number= {432},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Die positive Entwicklung des kanadischen Arbeitsmarktes hat ihn auch die Finanzkrise von 2008 eher glimpflich überstehen lassen. Seit 2000 sind die Realeinkommen bei relativ stabiler Einkommensungleichheit rasch gestiegen. Dennoch haben die Einkommenszuwächse der obersten 10 Prozent der Verteilung die der anderen 90 Prozent weit übertroffen. Der inzwischen beendete Rohstoffboom und der hohe Wert des kanadischen Dollars führten zu einer erheblichen Umverteilung von Arbeitskräften und anderen Ressourcen. Es bleibt abzuwarten, ob künftig ein 'integratives Wachstum' mit einer gleichmäßigeren Verteilung der Erträge erreicht werden kann." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"Canada's labor market has performed well since 2000, and avoided the worst effects of the 2008 financial crisis. Since 2000, real earnings have grown rapidly and income inequality has remained relatively stable. Despite these positive outcomes, earnings gains at the top 10% of the distribution substantially exceeded those among the bottom 90%. The resource boom and the accompanying high value of the Canadian dollar also brought about substantial reallocation of labor and other resources. Looking ahead, it will be interesting to see whether 'inclusive growth' - economic growth combined with gains that are widely shared - can be achieved." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitsmarktentwicklung; Einkommensentwicklung; Einkommensverteilung; Rohstoffe; Wirtschaftsentwicklung; Nachfrageentwicklung; Arbeitslosigkeitsentwicklung; Konjunkturentwicklung; Lohnentwicklung; Lohnunterschied; Beschäftigungseffekte; Arbeitsmarktsegmentation; Kanada; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1980; E 2016},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180427v06},


   Institution={McKinsey Global Institute (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {James Manyika and Susan Lund and Michael Chui and Jacques Bughin and Jonathan Woetzel and Parul Batra and Ryan Ko and Saurabh Sanghvi},
   Title= {Jobs lost, jobs gained : workforce transitions in a time of automation},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {148},
   Address= {Washington, DC},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"The technology-driven world in which we live is a world filled with promise but also challenges. Cars that drive themselves, machines that read X-rays, and algorithms that respond to customer-service inquiries are all manifestations of powerful new forms of automation. Yet even as these technologies increase productivity and improve our lives, their use will substitute for some work activities humans currently perform - a development that has sparked much public concern.
Building on our January 2017 report on automation, McKinsey Global Institute's latest report, Jobs lost, jobs gained: Workforce transitions in a time of automation, assesses the number and types of jobs that might be created under different scenarios through 2030 and compares that to the jobs that could be lost to automation.
The results reveal a rich mosaic of potential shifts in occupations in the years ahead, with important implications for workforce skills and wages. Our key finding is that while there may be enough work to maintain full employment to 2030 under most scenarios, the transitions will be very challenging - matching or even exceeding the scale of shifts out of agriculture and manufacturing we have seen in the past.
1. What impact will automation have on work?
2. What are possible scenarios for employment growth?
3. Will there be enough work in the future?
4. What will automation mean for skills and wages?
5. How do we manage the upcoming workforce transitions?" (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Automatisierung; technischer Wandel - Auswirkungen; Beschäftigungseffekte; job turnover; Einkommenseffekte; Qualifikationsanforderungen; Zukunft der Arbeit; Szenario; Substitutionseffekte; Berufswechsel; China; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Indien; Japan; Mexiko; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2016; E 2030},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180424r03},

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