Suchprofil: Gender_wage_gap
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 10/11



   Journal= {Applied Economics Letters},
   Volume= {19},
   Number= {10},
   Author= {Alisher Akhmedjonov and Berna Izgi},
   Title= {Does it pay to work in the public sector in Turkey?},
   Year= {2012},
   Pages= {909-913},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1350-4851},
   Abstract= {"This article examines wage gap between the public and private sectors in Turkey. Relying on microdata from Turkey's Household Budget Survey (HBS) for the year 2009, we estimate separate earnings functions for public and private sectors by gender with appropriate correction for selectivity bias. The results suggest that while the observed pay advantage of public male employees can be explained entirely by differences in their observed characteristics, for female employees these differences only partly explain the observed public - private pay differential. Decomposition of male - female wage differentials by sector of work suggests that women are facing discrimination in both sectors." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: öffentlicher Dienst; staatlicher Sektor; Privatwirtschaft; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Lohndiskriminierung; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Türkei; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2009; E 2009},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 099},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110928n03},

   Journal= {European Journal of Industrial Relations},
   Volume= {17},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Seamus MacGuinness and Elish Kelly and Philip J. O'Connell and Tim Callan},
   Title= {The impact of wage bargaining and worker preferences on the gender pay gap},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {277-293},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0959-6801},
   Abstract= {"This article examines the gender pay gap in Ireland from a comparative perspective, using an employer-employee matched dataset from 2003. The research assesses the magnitude and drivers of the gap separately for both the full-time and part-time labour markets. The results suggest that a wage bargaining system centred on social partnership was of benefit to females within both labour markets. Trade union membership was associated with a wider gap in the fulltime labour market but a narrower differential among part-time workers." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Tarifverhandlungen; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Vollzeitarbeit; Teilzeitarbeit; Sozialpartnerschaft; institutionelle Faktoren; Arbeitszeitwunsch; Beruf und Familie; Arbeitsmotivation; Einkommenseffekte; Irland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2003; E 2003},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1178},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110928t09},

   Journal= {Environment and Planning A. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research},
   Volume= {43},
   Number= {8},
   Author= {Philip S. Morrison and William A. V. Clark},
   Title= {Internal migration and employment : macro flows and micro motives},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {1948-1964},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0308-518X},
   Abstract= {"Empirical support for models of internal labour migration are usually based on observed patterns of net flows into local labour markets with relatively low unemployment and relatively high real wages. The inference drawn from such evidence is that internal migrants move to enhance returns to their labour. However, major surveys in the USA (Panel Study of Income Dynamics, and the Current Population Survey), the UK (British Household Panel Survey) and Australia (Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia) all show that less than a third of internal migrants are motivated primarily by employment reasons. This paper explores this apparent disconnect between net flows and motives using the Survey of Dynamics of Motivation and Migration, which has recorded in detail the reasons why over 6000 individuals moved within New Zealand over the two-year period 2005 and 2006. The survey confirms that only a minority of working-age migrants move between local labour markets primarily for employment reasons. Far from increasing returns to their employment, most migrants do not experience a rise in income or believe their employment prospects improved as a result of their move. Rather than being motivated by having their employment enhanced by internal migration, the majority of internal migrants of working age appear to be motivated by other goals. Employment remains important, but in most cases only insofar as the new destination enables its continuity." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Binnenwanderung - Determinanten; Erwerbstätige; Wanderungsmotivation; Arbeitsmarktchancen; regionaler Arbeitsmarkt; Risikobereitschaft; Lohnunterschied; Lohnhöhe; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; demografische Faktoren; soziale Situation; Wohnsituation; Wohnkosten; Ausbildungsmobilität; Berufswechsel; Arbeitsplatzwechsel; Arbeitslosigkeit; Neuseeland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2005; E 2006},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1060},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k111010n01},

   Journal= {Labour Economics},
   Volume= {18},
   Number= {5},
   Author= {Matteo Picchio and Chiara Mussida},
   Title= {Gender wage gap : a semi-parametric approach with sample selection correction},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {564-578},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0927-5371},
   Abstract= {"Sizeable gender differences in employment rates are observed in many countries. Sample selection into the workforce might therefore be a relevant issue when estimating gender wage gaps. We propose a semi-parametric estimator of densities in the presence of covariates which incorporates sample selection. We describe a simulation algorithm to implement counterfactual comparisons of densities. The proposed methodology is used to investigate the gender wage gap in Italy. We find that, when sample selection is taken into account, the gender wage gap widens, especially at the bottom of the wage distribution." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Stichprobe; Niedriglohn; erwerbstätige Frauen; ; Italien; ; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2004; E 2005},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: C21; C41; J16; J31; J71},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1120},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k111006n15},


   Journal= {Economics Bulletin},
   Volume= {31},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Jongsung Kim and Edinaldo Tebaldi},
   Title= {Does international trade impact wage discrimination?},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {2709-2724},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1545-2921},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"This paper uses microdata from the 2006 Current Population Survey (CPS) combined with data from the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) to evaluate the degree to which international trade affects wage discrimination. The paper's findings contribute to the literature in two fronts. First, it shows that empirical analyses that fail to properly account for gender or race differences might produce unreliable results regarding the impact of international trade (and/or competition) on the race/gender wage gap. Second, this paper provides evidence that export intensiveness contributes to reduce the overall gender wage gap, but adversely affects the wages of Hispanic women when compared to white non-Hispanic women. In addition, import penetration is found to increase the wage gap of male Hispanics compared to male white non-Hispanics." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Welthandel; Globalisierung; Lohndiskriminierung; Außenhandel; Lohnentwicklung; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Lohnunterschied; Arbeitsbeziehungen; Diskriminierung; Einkommensentwicklung; Einkommensverteilung; Export; Wirtschaftssektoren; Rassismus; Asiate; Lateinamerikaner; Weiße; Bildungsniveau; berufliche Qualifikation; Farbige; Gleichbehandlung; Niedriglohn; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2006; E 2006},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: F1; J3},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1979},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k111006n01},


   Journal= {Travail et Emploi},
   Number= {125},
   Author= {Fabienne Berton and Jean-Pierre Huiban and Frédérique Nortier},
   Title= {Les carrières salariales des hommes et des femmes : quelle convergence sur longue période?},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {9-25},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0224-4365},
   Abstract= {"The authors test the assumption of a convergence between the wage careers of men and women. To do this, they examine a large panel of French employees from the private sector, by using a new and rich dataset : the EIC (Échantillon Inter-régimes de Cotisants) 2001 panel. Two generations are observed, the first one composed of individuals born in 1946 and the second one of individuals born in 1962. In the former case, men wage careers appear to be very different of women ones. When considering the latter a convergence may be observed toward a new form, different of the men previous model. The careers may be long now but are frequently interrupted, such interruptions being more frequent both for men and women. There is still a wage gap between men and women but also a significant increasing of heterogeneity within each population." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Erwerbstätige; erwerbstätige Frauen; Lohnstruktur; Lohnhöhe; Intergenerationsmobilität; Berufsverlauf; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Konvergenz; privater Sektor; erwerbstätige Männer; Lohnunterschied; Lohnentwicklung; Frankreich; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1960; E 2001},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J31; J62; J71; C23},
   Annote= {Sprache: fr},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 693},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k111010n06},


   Annote= {Sign.: 572.0118;},
   Author= {Daniela Glocker and Viktor Steiner},
   Title= {Returns to education across Europe},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {31},
   Address= {London},
   Series= {CEPR discussion paper},
   Number= {8568},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0265-8003},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Incentives to invest in higher education are affected by both the direct wage effect of human capital investments and the indirect wage effect resulting from lower unemployment risks and shorter spells in unemployment associated with higher educated. We analyse the returns to education in Austria, Germany, Italy, Sweden and the United Kingdom, countries which differ significantly regarding both their education systems and labour market structure. We estimate augmented Mincerian wage equations accounting for the effects of unemployment on individual wages using EU-SILC data. Across countries we find a high variation of the effect of education on unemployment duration. Overall, the returns to education are estimated to be the highest in the UK, and the lowest for Sweden. A wage decrease due to time spent in unemployment results in a decline in the hourly wages in Austria, Germany and Italy." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Wirtschaftsentwicklung; Wirtschaftswachstum; Bildung; Erwachsenenbildung; Ausbildung; Bildungssystem; Arbeitsmarkt; Lohn; Einkommensentwicklung; arbeitslose Jugendliche; Arbeitslosigkeit; Arbeitslosigkeitsentwicklung; Hochschulabsolventen; Hochschulbildung; Bildungsbeteiligung; Geschlechterverteilung; Einkommensunterschied; Bildungspolitik; Hochqualifizierte; Lohnunterschied; Bildungsertrag - internationaler Vergleich; Österreich; Italien; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Schweden; Großbritannien; Europa; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 572.0118},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110926j04},

   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit, Bonn (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {David W. Johnston and Wang-Sheng Lee},
   Title= {Climbing the job ladder : new evidence of gender inequity},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {27},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA discussion paper},
   Number= {5970},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"An explanation for the gender wage gap is that women are less able or less willing to 'climb the job ladder.' However, the empirical evidence on gender differences in job mobility has been mixed. Focusing on a subsample of younger, university-educated workers from an Australian longitudinal survey, we find strong evidence that the dynamics of promotions and employer changes worsen women's labour market position." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: beruflicher Aufstieg; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; berufliche Mobilität; Mobilitätsbarriere; Lohnunterschied; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Hochschulabsolventen; Beförderung; Arbeitsplatzwechsel; Australien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2001; E 2008},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J16; J33; J71},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k111005r05},

   Institution={Institut f{\"u}r Makro{\"o}konomie und Konjunkturforschung, D{\"u}sseldorf (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Camille Logeay and Sabine Stephan and Rudolf Zwiener},
   Title= {Driving forces behind the sectoral wage costs differentials in Europe},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {44},
   Address= {D{\"u}sseldorf},
   Series= {Institut f{\"u}r Makro{\"o}konomie und Konjunkturforschung. Working paper},
   Number= {10/2011},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1861-2199},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Im Jahr 2004 begann Eurostat für alle Mitgliedsländer der Europäischen Union harmonisierte Zahlen zu den Arbeitskosten je Stunde zu veröffentlichen. Damit sind zum ersten Mal international vergleichbare Daten über einen längeren Zeitraum (ab 1995) verfügbar, die Ländervergleiche und dynamische Analysen ermöglichen. Zudem erlauben die Daten auch detaillierte intersektorale Analysen. Für Deutschland zeigt sich ein außergewöhnliches Phänomen: der Unterschied zwischen den Arbeitskostenniveaus im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe und im privaten Dienstleistungssektor ist hier viel größer als in den anderen EU-Mitgliedsländern. Das Working Paper befasst sich mit möglichen Erklärungsmustern. Zunächst werden unterschiedliche Produktivitätsentwicklungen auf individueller, Unternehmens- und sektoraler Ebene als Einflussfaktoren analysiert, dann werden mögliche Einflussfaktoren auf den Güter- und Arbeitsmärkten bei unvollständigem Wettbewerb (mark up pricing, Marktmacht) untersucht und schließlich werden die Einflüsse der Nachfragestruktur auf die Arbeitskosten in der Industrie und im Dienstleistungssektor getestet. Dazu werden zuerst bivariate Analysen und anschließend Panelschätzungen durchgeführt." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"In 2004, Eurostat starts publishing new figures on hourly wage costs for all European countries. These figures are new in several respects: It is the first time that internationally comparable hourly figures on wage costs are available covering a quite important time period (1995-2005), so that not only cross-country comparisons but also dynamic analyzes are possible. Furthermore, these figures are fairly detailed at the sectoral level, therefore allowing for inter-sectoral comparisons. Concerning Germany, the Eurostat statistics provide quite unexpected insights; the gap between wage costs in the manufacturing sector and the (private and business) services sector is much larger than in other countries. This study aims at giving some explanations. According to theory, various explanations are possible. First, the neo-classical theory emphasizes factors affecting or indicating the level of individual productivity, as well as firm or sectoral productivity; indicators corresponding to this approach are tested. Second, dropping the assumption of perfect competition on both labor and goods markets allows for other factors (mark-up, market power) to influence the wage costs levels; these potential determinants are also tested. Finally, we think that the structure of demand (driven by domestic or foreign demand) could also have a major impact on wages in the industry and the services sector and indeed this factor seems to play an important role. This paper is structured as follows: First, the new Eurostat statistics is presented focussing on some interesting descriptive results. In the second section, we present a list of potential determinants of wage differentials between the industry and the services sector derived from theory and literature. A bivariate analysis (correlation) is then performed and conclusions are drawn. In a third step, a multivariate analysis (panel estimation) is performed. The final section concludes." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnkosten; Wirtschaftssektoren; Einkommen - internationaler Vergleich; Einkommensunterschied; Lohnunterschied; Arbeitskosten - internationaler Vergleich; verarbeitendes Gewerbe; privater Sektor; Dienstleistungsbereich; altersspezifische Faktoren; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Arbeitszeit; Arbeitsbedingungen; Kostenentwicklung; institutionelle Faktoren; Europa; Dänemark; Luxemburg; Belgien; Schweden; Frankreich; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Niederlande; Österreich; Finnland; Großbritannien; Italien; Spanien; Griechenland; Zypern; Slowenien; Portugal; Malta; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Polen; Slowakei; Estland; Lettland; Litauen; Rumänien; Bulgarien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1995; E 2006},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J31; C23; E24},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k111013r15},


   Institution={European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Hrsg.)},
   Title= {Pay developments 2010},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {29},
   Address= {Dublin},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"EIRO's annual analysis of pay trends for 2010 finds that average collectively agreed nominal wage increases were lower than in 2009 in almost all 13 countries with available data, with Malta being the exception. The highest reductions in nominal pay increases were in Slovakia (5.5% in 2009 to 2.2% in 2010), Austria (3.4% to 1.6%), the Netherlands (2.7% to 1%) and Belgium (2.5% to 1%). Taking into account inflation, 2010 marked a turning point in many countries as collectively agreed pay did not compensate for price developments. Real increases in collectively agreed pay were negative in the UK (-1.5%), Belgium (-1.3%) and Austria (-0.1%), and only moderate increases were recorded in the Czech Republic (1.9%), Slovakia (1.5%) and Portugal (1%). The report also examines collectively agreed pay increases in three selected sectors (metal, banking and local governments), developments on minimum wages and youth pay rates, and gender issues in collective pay setting." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnentwicklung - internationaler Vergleich; Lohnhöhe; Nominallohn; Reallohn; sektorale Verteilung; Mindestlohn; Lohnunterschied; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Arbeitskosten; Tariflohn; Europäische Union; Belgien; Bulgarien; Dänemark; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Estland; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Irland; Italien; Lettland; Litauen; Luxemburg; Malta; Niederlande; Österreich; Polen; Portugal; Rumänien; Schweden; Slowakei; Slowenien; Spanien; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Großbritannien; Zypern; Norwegen; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2009; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110922r06},

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