Suchprofil: Berufsrückkehrerinnen
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 10/08



%0 Journal Article
%J Journal of Labor Economics
%V 26
%N 4
%F Z 797
%A Baker, Michael
%A Milligan, Kevin
%T How does job-protected maternity leave affect mothers' employment?
%D 2008
%P S. 655-691
%G en
%# A 1976; E 2002
%@ ISSN 0734-306X
%R 10.1086/591955
%X "We examine the impact of maternity leaves on the period mothers are away from work postbirth and the likelihood they return to their prebirth employer. We use the introduction and expansion of statutory job-protected maternity leave entitlements in Canada to identify these effects. We find that modest leave entitlements of 17-18 weeks do not change the amount of time mothers spend away from work. In contrast, longer leaves do have a substantive impact on behavior, leading to more time spent at home. We also find that all entitlements we examined increase job continuity with the prebirth employer." (author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K Mutterschaftsurlaub
%K Kündigungsschutz
%K Beschäftigungseffekte
%K Mütter
%K erwerbstätige Frauen
%K berufliche Reintegration
%K Erwerbsunterbrechung - Dauer
%K Urlaubsdauer
%K Urlaubsanspruch
%K Erziehungsurlaub
%K Reformpolitik
%K Kanada
%4 Typ: 1. SSCI-Journals
%4 fertig: 2008-10-16
%M k081013n03
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek

%0 Journal Article
%J Gender, Work and Organization
%V 15
%N 6
%F Z 1925
%A Blackwell, Louisa
%A Glover, Judith
%T Women's scientific employment and family formation : a longitudinal perspective
%D 2008
%P S. 579-599
%G en
%# A 1971; E 1991
%@ ISSN 0968-6673
%R 10.1111/j.1468-0432.2007.00385.x
%X "We focus here on the retention of highly qualified women scientists in science-based employment in England and Wales. Using linked Census records from the Longitudinal Study 1971-1991 we show that women's education and employment rates in science, engineering and technology increased somewhat, although some fields show persistently low representation. We then compare retention in employing women with health-related degrees with that of women with degrees in science, engineering and technology, showing that the latter group has markedly lower retention rates. Those who stay on in science-based employment have children later than other types of graduate and their rates of non-motherhood are higher. Four-fifths of women in health-related occupations were mothers, compared to only two-fifths in science, engineering and technology. Our findings have implications for policymakers who wish to make best use of the knowledge base: attention should be paid to retention, as well as the more usual focus on qualifications and recruitment. The findings also suggest the potential for institutionally based theories to explain why highly qualified women have such low retention rates in science-based employment." (author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K erwerbstätige Frauen
%K Hochqualifizierte
%K Wissenschaftler
%K Familienplanung
%K Berufsverlauf
%K Lebenslauf
%K Elternschaft
%K Kinderlosigkeit
%K Mütter
%K altersspezifische Faktoren
%K Erwerbsquote
%K Hochschulabsolventen
%K Medizin
%K Naturwissenschaft
%K Ingenieurwissenschaft
%K Technik
%K Geburtenhäufigkeit
%K Erwerbsunterbrechung
%K berufliche Reintegration
%K Akademiker
%K Beruf und Familie
%K England
%K Wales
%K Großbritannien
%4 Typ: 1. SSCI-Journals
%4 fertig: 2008-10-20
%M k081016n08
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek

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