Suchprofil: Berufsrückkehrerinnen
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 02/19



   Journal= {Labour Economics},
   Volume= {56},
   Number= {January},
   Author= {Yana Gallen and Rune V. Lesner and Rune Vejlin},
   Title= {The labor market gender gap in Denmark : sorting out the past 30 years},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {58-67},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0927-5371},
   Abstract= {"We document the declining gap between the average earnings of women and men in Denmark from 1980 to 2010. The decline in the earnings gap is driven by increases in hours worked by women as well as a decline in the gender wage gap. The data show a great deal of segregation across education tracks, occupations, and even workplaces, but this segregation has declined since 1980. These changes in segregation have been accompanied by a reduction in the role of observables in explaining the gender wage gap. The residual gender wage gap has been constant since 1980. The hours gap is not affected by changes in segregation at the occupation and education level: differences in these characteristics for women relative to men do not contribute to the hours gap in 2010 and they did not in 1980. However, a firm-worker fixed effects analysis suggests that 30 percent of the gender hours gap can be explained by the sorting of women into lower-hours workplaces. The hours gap is driven by mothers, the group for whom differences in employer, occupation, education, and experience also imply large differences in wages. The combined effect of hours and wages is a more than 20 percent gender earnings gap among well-attached (halftime-plus) workers between 25 and 60 years old, 10 percent of which cannot be explained by differences in hours, or in the readily observable characteristics of these workers." (Author's abstract, © 2018 Elsevier) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einkommensunterschied; Erwerbstätigkeit; erwerbstätige Frauen; Arbeitsmarktentwicklung; Frauen; Erwerbsbeteiligung; Familienpolitik; Frauenförderung; Bildungsbeteiligung; berufliche Reintegration; Mütter; individuelle Arbeitszeit; Lohndiskriminierung; Arbeitgeber; Konvergenz; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; geschlechtsspezifischer Arbeitsmarkt; Frauenerwerbstätigkeit; Dänemark; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1980; E 2010},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J71; J31},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1120},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190221v15},

   Journal= {Demographic research},
   Volume= {40},
   Author= {Stefanie Kley and Sonja Drobnic},
   Title= {Does moving for family nest-building inhibit mothers' labour force (re-)entry?},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {Art. 7, 155-184},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1435-9871},
   Abstract= {"Background: Couples tend to move house around first childbirth and often into suburban or rural neighbourhoods, conforming to the normative belief that children should grow up in a 'proper family home.' Such moves are likely to increase housing costs and both partners might need to contribute to the household income. But the move might also necessitate long commutes, inhibiting mothers' labour force participation. If the family sphere is more salient for (prospective) mothers, they might accept a remote location for its family-friendly environment but also because they are not planning a rapid return to work.
Objective: This article analyses the influence of moving around first childbirth on the timing of mothers' transitions into employment after childbirth.
Methods: Event history methods are used on longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel 1999 - 2014 (N = 1334 first-time mothers).
Results: Limited evidence was found for the hypothesis that moving around first childbirth accelerates mothers' labour market (re-)entry: moving for homeownership increased the entry rate into full-time employment for mothers with low earnings potential. Strong evidence was found for the hypothesis that moving around first childbirth impedes mothers' employment, particularly hampering entering part-time jobs, the domain of working mothers in Germany and other countries.
Conclusions: Moving for family nest-building seems to place mothers in unfavourable structural positions for employment.
Contribution: This article shows that social inequalities among women and within households as well as the persistence of gendered life courses can be reinforced through processes of family migration." (Autorenreferat, © Max-Planck-Institut für demographische Forschung)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Wohnort; regionale Mobilität - Auswirkungen; Elternschaft; Mütter; berufliche Reintegration; Berufsrückkehrerinnen; berufliche Integration; Erwerbsbeteiligung; Arbeitsweg; Beruf und Familie; Wohnkosten; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1999; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1997},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190124v04},

2 von 614 Datensätzen ausgegeben.