Suchprofil: Berufsrückkehrerinnen
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 06/12



   Journal= {Social Service Review},
   Volume= {86},
   Number= {1},
   Author= {Heather D. Hill},
   Title= {Welfare as maternity leave? : exemptions from welfare work requirements and maternal employment},
   Year= {2012},
   Pages= {37-67},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0037-7961},
   Abstract= {"In some states, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program offers the equivalent of paid maternity leave without job protection to low-income, single mothers of infants. Age-of-youngest-child (AYC) exemptions waive work requirements for TANF recipients after the birth of a child, generally for 3 - 12 months, depending on the state. This study uses data from the Current Population Survey (1998 - 2008) to examine whether the availability and length of AYC exemptions are predictive of rates of employment, work, and full-time work among low-educated single mothers with infants. The analysis uses the difference-in-differences (DD) technique, a comparison of outcomes under different policy treatments and between treatment and comparison groups. The results suggest that AYC exemptions are not related to employment or work rates but that living in a state with no AYC exemption is strongly and positively associated with rates of full-time work among low-educated mothers with infants." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Mutterschutz; Mutterschaftsurlaub; Mütter; Frauenerwerbstätigkeit; Mutterschaftsgeld; Erwerbsunterbrechung - Dauer; berufliche Reintegration; Erwerbsbeteiligung; Erziehungsurlaub; Sozialleistungen; allein Erziehende; Niedrigqualifizierte; Vollzeitarbeit; Sozialhilfe; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1998; E 2008},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1972},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k120604t01},


   Institution={Deutsches Institut f{\"u}r Wirtschaftsforschung, Berlin (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Mine Hancioglu and Bastian Hartmann},
   Title= {What makes single mothers expand or reduce employment?},
   Year= {2012},
   Pages= {22},
   Address= {Berlin},
   Series= {SOEPpapers on multidisciplinary panel data research at DIW Berlin},
   Number= {446},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1864-6689},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"To explore single mothers' labor market participation we analyze specific circumstances and dynamics in their life courses. We focus on the question which individual and institutional factors determine both professional advancement and professional descent. Due to dynamics in women's life course identifying and analyzing restrictions and interruptions of employment requires a longitudinal research design. The German Socio-Economic Panel (1984-2009) provides all necessary information identifying episodes of single motherhood and employment during life courses. Since family statuses of single mothers are partially endogenous and can end in multiple ways, we use semi-parametric survival models. Competing risks estimations offer a detailed view by analyzing single mothers' transition from not being employed to fulltime or part-time work and vice versa simultaneously. Estimates show that occupational careers of single mothers are influenced by both individual factors and institutional circumstances. Whereas specific problems occur shortly after becoming a single mother, these problems seem to be dealt with over time. Enhancing labor market participation or maintaining full-time employment as a single mother can be achieved when certain challenges are met such as appointed and reliable working hours. Single mothers that do not have to rely on public childcare arrangements, but are capable of finding individual solutions are more likely to balance work and family life. Among institutional determinants welfare benefits have a negative effect on the market labor participation of women in low-paid jobs." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Erwerbsbeteiligung; Mütter; Frauenerwerbstätigkeit; allein Erziehende; Erwerbsverhalten - Determinanten; Beruf und Familie; Erwerbsunterbrechung; Teilzeitarbeit; berufliche Reintegration; Berufsverlauf; Kinderbetreuung; Sozialleistungen; institutionelle Faktoren; Lebenslauf; Statusmobilität; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1984; E 2009},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: C14; C23; J12; J13; J16; J22},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k120601r08},

   Institution={Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Economics Department (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Rafal Kierzenkowski},
   Title= {Towards a more inclusive labour market in Hungary},
   Year= {2012},
   Pages= {36},
   Address= {Paris},
   Series= {OECD Economics Department working papers},
   Number= {960},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1815-1973},
   Abstract= {"Rapid decrease in unemployment is a short-term priority to limit social problems and reduce the risk of rising structural unemployment. To this end, strengthening labour market policies to sustain labour demand is key. The public works programme should remain temporary and become more focused on training. The authorities should also refrain from further raising the minimum wage. Fundamental structural reforms are needed in the medium term to raise one of the lowest participation rates in the OECD. This challenge is acute in the context of a rapidly ageing population. The authorities have started restructuring the tax/benefit system to make work pay and increase labour supply, yet additional efforts are needed to foster the inclusiveness of the labour market. Groups which are significantly under-represented in the labour market include the low-skilled, youth, the elderly, women of childbearing age, the disabled and the Roma. Structural measures are needed to develop part-time and other flexible forms of employment, reform family policies, ease the integration of people with disability into the labour market, better attune the education system to labour market needs, enhance the level of qualifications and skills at different ages, diminish disincentives to work at older ages and break the segregation of the Roma. This Working Paper relates to the 2012 OECD Economic Survey of Hungary." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Arbeitslosigkeit; Erwerbsquote; Arbeitslosenversicherung; Mindestlohn; Lohnpolitik; Arbeitslose; berufliche Reintegration; Benachteiligtenförderung; Beschäftigungsförderung; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Jugendliche; Frauen; Behinderte; Minderheiten; Sinti und Roma; Niedrigqualifizierte; Arbeitslosenquote; Teilzeitarbeit; Kündigungsschutz; Ungarn; },
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J13; J14; J21; J26; J32; J65},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k120608r05},

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