Suchprofil: unterwertige_Beschäftigung
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 08/15



%0 Journal Article
%J Journal of Vocational Behavior
%V 89
%N August
%F Z 605
%A Sortheix, Florencia M.
%A Chow, Angela
%A Salmela-Aro, Katariina
%T Work values and the transition to work life* a longitudinal study
%D 2015
%P S. 162-171
%G en
%# A 2008; E 2011
%@ ISSN 0001-8791
%R 10.1016/j.jvb.2015.06.001
%X "Research on career development has shown that work values play a key motivational role in job selection and career development. In the context of the current economic crisis, it is of particular relevance to examine the role of work values for employment in the transition from school to work. This longitudinal study examined the role of intrinsic (perceived importance of having a job that is interesting and matches one's own competences), rewards (having a good salary and high chance for promotion), and security (having a stable job) work values on subsequent employment status and person - job fit (how an individual's job matches one's own characteristics such as education and job preferences). Finnish participants reported their work values and background variables via questionnaire at ages 20 and 23 (Ns = 348 and 415 respectively). Intrinsic work values predicted a higher degree of person - job fit two years later. Rewards work values predicted lower chances of being unemployed; and security work values predicted higher chances of being unemployed later on. Family socio-economic status (SES) was not related to employment outcomes in this Finnish sample." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K Arbeit
%K Einstellungen - Auswirkungen
%K soziale Werte
%K Wertorientierung - Auswirkungen
%K Berufseinmündung
%K Arbeitsmotivation
%K adäquate Beschäftigung
%K Einkommenserwartung
%K Arbeitsplatzsicherheit
%K Berufsverlauf
%K junge Erwachsene
%K Finnland
%Z Typ: 1. SSCI-Journals
%Z fertig: 2015-08-28
%M k150811908
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek


%0 Journal Article
%J IZA Journal of Migration
%V 4
%N Art 14
%F X 914
%A Visintin, Stefano
%A Tijdens, Kea
%A Klaveren, Maarten van
%T Skill mismatch among migrant workers : evidence from a large multi-country dataset
%D 2015
%P 34 S.
%G en
%# A 2008; E 2013
%@ ISSN 2193-9039
%R 10.1186/s40176-015-0040-0
%X "This article unravels the migrants' incidence of skill mismatch taking into consideration different migration flows. Mismatch is the situation in which workers have jobs for which lower skill levels are required compared to their education. We use a dataset (from a large multi-country web survey) particularly suited to investigate differences in skill mismatch between native and migrant workers. The main advantages are its ample size and the large variety of country of origin and destination combinations, which allows for detailed analysis of different migration flows. This provides an innovative multi-country perspective, including nations and migrants from all continents. We also identify the relation between overeducation and some of the most widely accepted theoretical explanations for the phenomenon among native workers and test whether it holds for migrants. These results are achieved by fulfilling three research objectives, which are to investigate (1) the factors affecting overeducation and whether migrants are more often overqualified, (2) the relation between overeducation and different country of origin and destination combinations, and (3) whether a range of theoretically based assumptions affect the incidence of overeducation and the extent to which they are relevant in the case of migrant workers. Skill mismatch is found to be more common among migrants compared to native workers, although the incidence differs across migrants depending on the country of residence. Differences in the incidence of overeducation between native and migrant workers are not only related to the country of residence but also to the combination of country of origin and destination. When theoretically based assumptions are used to explain overeducation, the relation found for the total population does not always hold in the case of migrants. All these findings are confirmed by both an explorative and a in-depth analysis." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K ausländische Arbeitnehmer
%K mismatch - internationaler Vergleich
%K Qualifikation
%K Überqualifikation
%K Herkunftsland
%K Einwanderungsland
%K Arbeitsmigration
%K Qualifikationsanforderungen
%K Welt
%K J24
%K J61
%K J15
%Z Typ: 2. sonstige referierte Zeitschriften
%Z fertig: 2015-08-28
%M k150729807
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek


%0 Book
%1 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (Hrsg.)
%A Montt, Guillermo
%T The causes and consequences of field-of-study mismatch : an analysis using PIAAC
%D 2015
%P 88 S.
%C Paris
%G en
%# A 2012; E 2012
%B OECD social, employment and migration working papers : 167
%@ ISSN 1815-199X
%R 10.1787/5jrxm4dhv9r2-en
%X "Field-of-study mismatch occurs when workers educated in a particular field work in another. It is conceptually distinct from qualifications or skills mismatch, although a part of qualifications and skills mismatch results from graduates from a particular field having to downgrade to find work in another field. Some studies have identified labour market dynamics related to field-of-study mismatch, but few (if any) have sought to directly understand the interplay between labour supply factors (the types of skills brought to the workplace) and the labour demand factors (the types of skills demanded by employers) in field-of-study mismatch. Using data from the Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competencies' Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC), this paper shows that although students may choose to specialise in a particular field, it is not solely up to them to actually work in that field. In accordance with assignment theories, both the degree of saturation of a particular field in the labour market and the level of generic skills of a particular field predict the occurrence of field-of-study mismatch, highlighting that mismatch is the result of both labour supply- and demand-side factors. The paper then evaluates the costs to individuals - in terms of wages, risk of being out of work and job satisfaction. Findings suggest that the costs of field-of-study mismatch may only be high in terms of individual earnings when it is associated to qualification mismatch. For economies, field-of-study mismatch, when associated with qualifications mismatch, can amount to important costs, meriting the attention of policy makers to better aligning course places to skill needs or by encouraging skill transferability across fields." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K mismatch - Auswirkungen
%K Einkommenseffekte
%K Arbeitsmarktrisiko
%K Arbeitszufriedenheit
%K unterwertige Beschäftigung
%K Arbeitskräftenachfrage
%K Arbeitskräfteangebot
%K Berufswahl
%K Studienfachwahl
%K erlernter Beruf
%K ausgeübter Beruf
%K mismatch - internationaler Vergleich
%K adäquate Beschäftigung
%K Hochschulabsolventen
%K Ausbildungsabsolventen
%Z Typ: 4. Arbeitspapiere/Discussion Paper
%Z fertig: 2015-08-24
%M k150722r23
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek


%0 Edited Book
%F 90-309.1058
%1 European Low Wage Employment Research Network (Hrsg.)
%A Lucifora, Claudio
%A Salverda, Wiemer
%T Policies for low wage employment and social exclusion
%D 1998
%P 169 S.
%C Mailand
%I Angeli
%G en
%@ ISBN 88-464-1101-3
%X "The last two decades have been a period of significant change in the functioning of European labour markets. Increasing earnings inequalities, as well as growing rates of unemployment have raised concern for those individuals placed at the margin of the labour market and at the bottom end of the earnings distribution, who appear to have been most strongly affected by the changing economic conditions. More flexible employment contracts and working time arrangements, less stringent controls on employers' hiring and firing practices and the associated reduction in the degree of job protection, growing decentralisation of the bargaining process, are some of the facets of the deregulation process that has affected labour markets throughout Europe. The patterns described above are of crucial importance in the process of European integration and are central to any discussion on policy designs aimed at supporting the increased flexibility and insecurity in working life. The contributions contained in this book address different issues, looking first at the implication for the welfare of the less skilled and the low paid and second trying to investigate to what extent these forms of social exclusion can be tackled by means of appropriate social welfare policies and active labour market intervention. In this context, it is suggested that minimum wage policies can prove an effective device to provide protection for vulnerable workers and, under certain conditions, may also help reducing poverty and discrimination on the labour market. Tax reductions and different forms of means tested benefits are also considered as an alternative way to alleviate the burden of low pay employment and enhance the living standards of low income working families. Education and training play an important role in the job opportunities people have, such that educational policies as well as re-training schemes can be effectively used as instruments to reduce low wage employment and help people out of low pay. Finally, it is argued that Government policies should aim at expanding demand in those service industries - such as retail trade or personal services - but also try to regulate pay and employment conditions therein.
Claudio Lucifora and Wiemer Salverda , Introduction
Richard B. Freeman , Low-Wage Employment: Is More or Less Better?
Minimum Wages: Causes and Consequences
Mark Keese , Are Statutory Minimum Wages an Endagered Species?
Stephen Bazen , Minimum Wages and Low-Wage Employment
Coen Teulings , The Contribution of Minimum Wages to Increasing Wage Inequality
Labour Market Institutions, Unemployment and the Role of Demand
Stephen Nickell , Labour Market Institutions and Economic Performance
Marco Buti, Lucio Pench and Paolo Sestino , European Unemployment: Contending Theories and Institutional Complexities. A Summary of the Policy Arguments
Lex Borghans, Andres de Grip. Peter J. Sloane , Underutilisation of Skills, Bumping Down and Low-Wages
Carlo Dell'Aringa and Claudio Lucifora , Labour Market Flexibility, Wage Dispersion and Unemployment: What Policies for Europe?
Wiemer Salverda , The Significance of Product Demand for Low-Wage Employment
Welfare Reforms, Gender Equity and Poverty
Tito Boeri, Piero Tedeschi , Long Run Unemployment in a Dual Economy
Brian Nolan , Low Pay, Poverty and Policy
Heather Joski , Gender Equity and Low Pay: a Note Based on Britain
Chris Giles, Julian McCrae , Reforms to In-work Transfer Payments in the U.K
Abigail McKnight , Social Insurance, Low-Pay and Long-Term Disadvantage
LoWER, Aims Activities and Membership of the Network" (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K Arbeitsmarktpolitik
%K Niedriglohn
%K Geringverdiener
%K Niedrigqualifizierte
%K Mindestlohn
%K Lohnpolitik
%K Armutsbekämpfung
%K Armut
%K Berufsbildungspolitik
%K europäische Integration
%K institutionelle Faktoren
%K unterwertige Beschäftigung
%K Arbeitslosigkeitsbekämpfung
%K Gleichstellungspolitik
%K Reformpolitik
%K soziale Ausgrenzung
%K Europa
%Z Typ: 5. monographische Literatur
%Z fertig: 2015-08-28
%M k150803309
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek

%0 Book
%1 Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Nürnberg (Hrsg.)
%A Reichelt, Malte
%A Vicari, Basha
%T Formale Überqualifizierung von Ausländern
%D 2015
%P 6 S.
%C Nürnberg
%G de
%B Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung. Aktuelle Berichte : 13/2015
%X "In Deutschland haben 7,7 Prozent der sozialversicherungspflichtig Beschäftigten eine ausländische Staatsangehörigkeit. Sie sind im Durchschnitt etwas seltener überqualifiziert beschäftigt (14,7 %) als Deutsche (15,3 %).
Dies lässt sich darauf zurückführen, dass ausländische Beschäftigte öfter keine abgeschlossene oder anerkannte Ausbildung haben. In diesem Fall können sie folglich keine Tätigkeit unterhalb ihrer formalen Qualifikation annehmen.
Ausländische Beschäftigte mit einem beruflichen Abschluss sind aber mit 22,5 Prozent mehr als doppelt so häufig überqualifiziert tätig wie vergleichbare Deutsche. Auch bei Meistern, Technikern und Akademikern sind die Anteile überqualifizierter Ausländer etwas höher.
Sowohl bei Ausländern als auch bei Deutschen konzentrieren sich die meisten überqualifiziert Beschäftigten in zwei Berufshauptgruppen: Rund ein Viertel der überqualifiziert Beschäftigten sind in Verkehrs- und Logistikberufen sowie in Berufen in Unternehmensführung und -organisation tätig.
Während ausländische überqualifizierte Beschäftigte außerdem häufig in Reinigungs- und Metallberufen arbeiten, finden sich viele der überqualifiziert beschäftigten Deutschen in Finanzdienstleistungs- und Erziehungsberufen." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)
%K Überqualifikation
%K ausländische Arbeitnehmer
%K Inländer
%K Qualifikationsniveau
%K Wirtschaftszweige
%K ausgeübter Beruf
%K Bundesrepublik Deutschland
%Z Typ: 5. monographische Literatur
%Z fertig: 2015-08-17
%M k150814j01
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek

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