Suchprofil: unterwertige_Beschäftigung
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 04/15



   Journal= {International Migration Review},
   Volume= {49},
   Number= {1},
   Author= {Eleonora Castagnone and Tiziana Nazio and Laura Bartolini and Bruno Schoumaker},
   Title= {Understanding transnational labour market trajectories of African-European migrants : evidence from the MAFE survey},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {200-231},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0197-9183},
   Abstract= {"Labor market trajectories of migrants are seldom explored in a longitudinal and comparative perspective. However, a longitudinal approach is crucial for a better understanding of migrants' long-term occupational attainments, while comparative research is useful to disentangle specificities and general processes across destination and origin countries. This article explores the labor market outcomes of migrants from Senegal, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Ghana in different European countries, using the MAFE data to compare their occupational attainments before migration, upon arrival and during the first 10 years of stay in Europe in a longitudinal perspective. Results highlight different pattern of migrants' selection across destinations, influenced by prior employment status and education, gender and colonial legacies, and which impact subsequent trajectories into the European labor markets. Our analyses also show a severe worsening of migrants' occupational status in Europe compared to their situation prior to migration, which is the resultant of a dramatic downgrading upon entry and of a slow occupational recovering during the first 10 years of stay in Europe. Results suggest that the educational - occupational mismatch of skilled workers might represent a long-lasting 'price' for migrants, unless (further) educational credentials are achieved in destination countries." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einwanderer; Afrikaner; Herkunftsland; Berufsverlauf - internationaler Vergleich; ausländische Arbeitnehmer; adäquate Beschäftigung; unterwertige Beschäftigung; berufliche Integration; Überqualifikation; Einwanderungsland; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Senegal; Kongo; Ghana; Frankreich; Italien; Spanien; Belgien; Großbritannien; Niederlande; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2000; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 201},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150401802},

   Journal= {Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies},
   Volume= {41},
   Number= {3/4},
   Author= {Nicolas Griesshaber and Verena Seibel},
   Title= {Over-education among immigrants in Europe : the value of civic involvement},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {374–398},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1369-183X},
   Abstract= {"The present study investigates the effect of social connectedness through associational involvement on over-education among immigrants in 19 European societies, addressing the often-claimed importance of weak ties. Based on the idea that the effectiveness of social networks in distributing relevant information may depend on the degree to which such networks are linked to other networks, it thereby specifically distinguishes between associations that are connected to the wider community and those that are rather isolated. Using pooled individual-level data from the European Social Survey, empirical analyses indeed reveal active participation in associations to be related to lower risk of experiencing over-education. Moreover, the effect appears type specific, indicating access to multiple associations which are widely connected to different parts of society to be of particular benefit, especially in case of more recent migration." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einwanderer; ausländische Arbeitnehmer; Überqualifikation - internationaler Vergleich; ehrenamtliche Arbeit - Auswirkungen; soziale Beziehungen; Sozialkapital; soziales Netzwerk; unterwertige Beschäftigung; Europa; Österreich; Belgien; Dänemark; Finnland; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Griechenland; Ungarn; Irland; Island; Italien; Luxemburg; Niederlande; Norwegen; Polen; Portugal; Slowenien; Spanien; Schweden; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2002; E 2003},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1113},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150413909},

   Journal= {Social Indicators Research},
   Volume= {121},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Chia-Huei Wu and Aleksandra Luksyte and Sharon K. Parker},
   Title= {Overqualification and subjective well-being at work : the moderating role of job autonomy and culture},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {917-937},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0303-8300},
   Abstract= {"Overqualification is a form of underemployment wherein people have more skills, experience, knowledge, and abilities than required for a job. Past research has shown that overqualification is negatively related to subjective well-being at work, such as lower job satisfaction. To mitigate this negative impact, drawing on a job design perspective, the authors proposed that job autonomy can buffer overqualification's negative effects. Based on the model of culture fit in managerial practice, as well as regulatory fit theory, the authors further proposed that the buffering effects of job autonomy apply only to employees from individualistic (vs. collectivistic) cultures. Data from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey were analyzed. Results of a two-level multilevel modeling analysis showed a three way interaction between overqualification, job autonomy, and national culture in predicting subjective well-being at work. Job autonomy buffered the negative effects of overqualification on subjective well-being at work, but only in individualistic cultures." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Überqualifikation - internationaler Vergleich; Arbeitsbedingungen; Arbeitszufriedenheit; berufliche Autonomie; kulturelle Faktoren; Wahrnehmung; unterwertige Beschäftigung; soziokulturelle Faktoren; Schweden; Dänemark; Niederlande; Großbritannien; Portugal; Türkei; Estland; Litauen; Lettland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2010; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 327},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150408r09},


   Journal= {Comparative Migration Studies},
   Volume= {2},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Alessio Cangiano},
   Title= {Migration policies and migrant employment outcomes : conceptual analysis and comparative evidence for Europe},
   Year= {2014},
   Pages= {417-443},
   ISBN= {ISSN 2214-8590},
   Abstract= {"While a number of studies explored the demographic and human capital attributes affecting migrant socio-economic assimilation, less is known about the role of immigration status on entry. In particular, little evidence exists on the employment outcomes of migrants admitted outside economic immigration channels (family, study, asylum or permit-free) and joining the labour market once in the country of destination. This paper addresses this knowledge gap. Its conceptual framework for understanding how immigration status on arrival influences access to the labour market highlights the role of selectivity mechanisms and of different rights and constraints characterizing the legal situation of migrants who enter via different admission routes. The empirical analysis builds on original estimates of the migrant workforce by immigration status on entry based on the 2008 Ad-Hoc Module of the EU Labour Force Survey. Logistic regressions show that immigration status on arrival affects the participation in the labour market, the probability of being unemployed and the access to a job commensurate to the migrant skills. While the participation of family migrants and refugees in the labour market is positively associated with their length of stay, these categories retain a significant unemployment disadvantage in almost all European destinations. This gap becomes particularly evident at the intersection of immigration status and gender. Results suggest the need for a more holistic approach to the governance of labour migration that takes into account the long-term trends of migrant labour supply." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: internationale Wanderung; Einwanderungspolitik - internationaler Vergleich; Migranten; ausländische Arbeitnehmer; Einwanderer; Familiennachzug; Arbeitsplatzwechsel; ausländische Studenten; Flüchtlinge; Asylbewerber; Drittstaatsangehörige; EU-Bürger; osteuropäischer Transformationsprozess; Arbeitslose; beruflicher Status; Arbeitsmarktchancen; berufliche Integration; adäquate Beschäftigung; Aufenthaltsdauer; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Arbeitsmigration; Europäische Union; Frankreich; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Italien; Spanien; Schweden; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2008; E 2008},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 1019},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150408804},

   Journal= {IZA Journal of Migration},
   Volume= {2},
   Number= {Art 13},
   Author= {Mesbah Fathy Sharaf},
   Title= {The earnings of immigrants and the quality adjustment of immigrant human capital},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {18},
   ISBN= {ISSN 2193-9039},
   Abstract= {"The quality dimension of immigrant human capital has received little attention in the economic assimilation literature. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate how human capital acquired in different source countries may be adjusted according to its quality in the Canadian labor market. This is achieved by deriving quality-adjustment indices using data from the 2001 Canadian census. These indices are then used to examine the role of schooling quality in explaining differential returns to schooling and over-education rates by country-of-origin. The key finding is that accounting for schooling quality virtually eliminates native-immigrant gaps in returns to schooling and the incidence of over-education. The quality of human capital is important for understanding the economic integration of immigrants." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einwanderer; Humankapital; Assimilation; Schulbildung; Bildungsertrag; Inländer; Überqualifikation; Ungleichheit; soziale Integration; Kanada; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2001; E 2001},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: F22; I2; J15; J31},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 914},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150410822},


   Institution={Zentrum f{\"u}r Europ{\"a}ische Wirtschaftsforschung, Mannheim (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Daniel Erdsiek},
   Title= {Overqualification of graduates : assessing the role of family background},
   Year= {2014},
   Pages= {33},
   Address= {Mannheim},
   Series= {ZEW discussion paper},
   Number= {2014-130},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Ein substantieller Anteil an Hochschulabsolventen in Deutschland arbeitet in Berufen, die keinen Hochschulabschluss erfordern. Eine mögliche Folge dieser formalen Überqualifikation ist, dass gut ausgebildete Arbeitnehmer nicht das volle Potenzial ihrer Fähigkeiten ausschöpfen und deshalb Lohneinbußen hinnehmen müssen. Eine aktuelle Studie des ZEW untersucht, inwieweit der familiäre Hintergrund von Hochschulabsolventen die Wahrscheinlichkeit beeinflusst, überqualifiziert beschäftigt zu sein." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"Studies on the underlying mechanisms of social mobility commonly find that half of the intergenerational earnings persistence remains unexplained. Focusing on the phenomenon of overqualification, this study examines a transmission channel that might operate beyond the mechanisms previously analysed. I explore how the family background of university graduates affects the probability to hold a job that does not require a tertiary degree, i.e. to be overqualified. Potential pathways of the family background effects are discussed and proxy variables for the mediating factors cognitive skills, study characteristics, social capital, financial capital, and aspiration are incorporated into the empirical analysis. Graduates from families with a high socioeconomic status are found to be less likely to be overqualified. The unconditional social overqualification gap amounts to 7.4 percentage points. Non-linear Blinder- Oaxaca decompositions show that roughly 60% of the social overqualification gap can be attributed to group differences in observable characteristics. Differences in cognitive skills, study characteristics, and social capital are found to be important mediators of the family background effects." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Hochschulabsolventen; Überqualifikation; Intergenerationsmobilität; soziale Herkunft; sozioökonomische Faktoren; Berufsverlauf; Sozialkapital; Persistenz; unterwertige Beschäftigung; kognitive Fähigkeit; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1997; E 1997},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: I23; I24; J24; J62},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150318r02},

6 von 367 Datensätzen ausgegeben.