Suchprofil: Gender_wage_gap
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 12/09



%0 Journal Article
%J Journal of Industrial Relations
%V 51
%N 5
%F X 539
%A Gonäs, Lena
%A Bergman, Ann
%T Equal opportunities, segregation and gender-based wage differences : the case of a Swedish university
%D 2009
%P S. 669-686
%G en
%# A 2002; E 2002
%@ ISSN 0022-1856
%R 10.1177/0022185609346198
%X "There are considerable numbers of studies showing that women and men in Sweden work in different sectors and in different occupations; also that men to a greater extent than women work in higher hierarchical positions. Not only are segregation patterns persistent, but wage differences as well. Even though the wage gap between men and women in Sweden has decreased, it still persists. The article starts with a discussion of the framework for wage setting and more specifically regulations aiming at eliminating gendered wage differences at a more general level. Then we turn to a specific case study where we describe methods and data used. This is followed by two empirical sections, where the first is a quantitative description of segregation and wage patterns found between the two occupations in question. The second part is based on qualitative data and presents and analyses the wage formation process as experienced by these two groups. The article gives an illustration of both how decentralized wage negotiations and individualization of wage work for the higher educated employees and it also presents an aspect of the formation of gendered wage differences." (author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K Lohnunterschied
%K Lohnfindung
%K Frauen
%K Männer
%K Universität
%K Wissenschaftler
%K geschlechtsspezifischer Arbeitsmarkt
%K Frauenarbeitsplätze
%K Segregation
%K Benachteiligung
%K Ungleichheit
%K Studienfach
%K Humanwissenschaft
%K Sozialwissenschaftler
%K Naturwissenschaftler
%K Techniker
%K Nachwuchskraft
%K Dienstalter
%K Schweden
%Z Typ: 1. SSCI-Journals
%Z fertig: 2009-12-23
%M k091217n01
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek

%0 Journal Article
%J The British Journal of Sociology
%V 60
%N 4
%F Z 012
%A Mandel, Hadas
%T Configurations of gender inequality : the consequences of ideology and public policy
%D 2009
%P S. 693-719
%G en
%@ ISSN 0007-1315
%R 10.1111/j.1468-4446.2009.01271.x
%X "This paper gathers a wide range of indicators into distinctive profiles to show how configurations of gender economic inequality are shaped by both welfare state strategies and gender role ideologies. When multiple aspects of gender inequality are assembled together, it becomes evident that all societies exhibit both genderegalitarian and inegalitarian features. These tradeoffs can best be understood through the ideological and institutional contexts in which they are embedded. Empirical illustrations are provided for fourteen advanced societies by analysing the major expressions of gender inequality; from women's economic wellbeing and financial autonomy, through labour force participation and continuity of employment, to occupational attainments and economic rewards. The analysis confirms the existence of distinctive profiles of gender inequality and their affinity to normative conceptions of the gender order and ideal types of welfare state institutions." (author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K Geschlechterverhältnis - internationaler Vergleich
%K Ideologie
%K Geschlechterrolle
%K Rollenverständnis
%K Rollenverteilung
%K institutionelle Faktoren
%K Frauen
%K Lebenssituation
%K Frauenerwerbstätigkeit
%K geschlechtsspezifischer Arbeitsmarkt
%K Erwerbsbeteiligung
%K Einkommen
%K Armut
%K Lohndiskriminierung
%K Wohlfahrtsstaat - Typologie
%K Dänemark
%K Schweden
%K Finnland
%K Norwegen
%K Kanada
%K Großbritannien
%K Italien
%K Spanien
%K Australien
%K Niederlande
%K Belgien
%K Frankreich
%K Bundesrepublik Deutschland
%Z Typ: 1. SSCI-Journals
%Z fertig: 2009-12-21
%M k091217p03
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek


%0 Book
%1 Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit, Bonn (Hrsg.)
%A Vendrik, Maarten C.M.
%A Schwieren, Christiane
%T Identification, screening and stereotyping in labour market discrimination
%D 2009
%Z 292 KB
%P 44 S.
%9 Arbeitspapier; graue Literatur
%C Bonn
%G en
%B IZA discussion paper : 4571
%X "According to social-psychological research, feelings of uncertainty in decision-making evoke two opposite responses: (i) reduction of uncertainty by information search, leading to less stereotyping of people, and hence less discrimination; (ii) social identification with an ingroup, inducing more reliance on stereotypic perceptions and prejudices, and hence more discrimination against an outgroup. We integrate both responses in a microeconomic model of hiring and pay decisions by an employer. Increasing competition in the product market makes the employer feel more uncertain about his profits, but also raises the opportunity cost of screening expenditures. This elicits substitution of ingroup identification for screening expenditures, and hence enhances discrimination." (author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K Sozialpsychologie
%K Unsicherheit - Auswirkungen
%K Personaleinstellung
%K Arbeitgeber - Einstellungen
%K Stereotyp
%K Vorurteil
%K soziale Wahrnehmung
%K Diskriminierung
%K geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren
%K Frauen
%K ethnische Gruppe
%K ausländische Arbeitnehmer
%K Lohndiskriminierung
%K J7
%K M51
%Z Typ: 4. Arbeitspapiere/Discussion Paper
%Z fertig: 2009-12-11
%M k091203r06
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek

3 von 329 Datensätzen ausgegeben.