Suchprofil: Gender_wage_gap
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 05/15



   Journal= {American Sociological Review},
   Volume= {79},
   Number= {5},
   Author= {Anja-Kristin Abendroth and Matt L. Huffman and Judith Treas},
   Title= {The parity penalty in life course perspective : motherhood and occupational status in 13 european countries},
   Year= {2014},
   Pages= {993 - 1014},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0003-1224},
   Abstract= {"Research documents a wage penalty for mothers compared to childless women. We demonstrate there is also an occupational status penalty to motherhood. Interrogating supplyand demand-side explanations of the motherhood penalty from the life course perspective, we formulate and test original hypotheses about the short-term and long-run career implications of parity-specific births. We analyze longitudinal data from the European Community and Household Panel for 13 European countries and eight time points between 1994 and 2001. Our fixed-effects models show that status losses for a first birth are not just short-term but accumulate over the career. The timing of a birth in a woman's life course matters only for older women, who experience a significant penalty to third births. Although the personal strategies that women use to minimize the career costs of motherhood (e.g., having only one child) prove ineffective, our cross-national evidence shows that public policies are linked to the motherhood penalty in occupational status." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: erwerbstätige Frauen; Mütter - internationaler Vergleich; Elternschaft - Auswirkungen; Einkommenseffekte; Berufsverlauf; Humankapital; Lohnunterschied; Familienpolitik; Beruf und Familie; Erwerbsunterbrechung; berufliche Reintegration; Kinderzahl; Europäisches Haushaltspanel; Österreich; Belgien; Dänemark; Finnland; Frankreich; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Griechenland; Irland; Italien; Niederlande; Portugal; Spanien; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1994; E 2001},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 104},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150506905},

   Journal= {Labour Economics},
   Volume= {33},
   Number= {April},
   Author= {James Albrecht and Aico van Vuuren and Susan Vroman},
   Title= {The black - white wage gap among young women in 1990 vs. 2011 : the role of selection and educational attainment},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {66-71},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0927-5371},
   Abstract= {"In this paper, we compare the black - white median log wage gap for women aged 26 - 31 in 1990 and 2011. Two stylized facts emerge. First, the pattern of selection in the two years is similar -- the gaps observed among women employed in 1990 and 2011 substantially understate the gaps that would have been observed had all 26 - 31 year-old women been working in those years. Second, both the median log wage gap observed in the data and the selection-corrected gap increased substantially between the two years, a fact that can be mostly attributed to changes in the distributions of educational attainment among young black and white women." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: junge Erwachsene; Frauen; Farbige; Weiße; Familienstand; Lohnunterschied; Lohndiskriminierung; Hochschulabsolventen; College; Lohnentwicklung; Bildungsbeteiligung; erwerbstätige Frauen; Akademiker; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1990; E 2011},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1120},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150518913},

   Journal= {Spatial Economic Analysis},
   Volume= {10},
   Number= {1},
   Author= {João Pereira and Aurora Galego},
   Title= {Intra-regional wage inequality in Portugal},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {79-101},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1742-1772},
   Abstract= {"Studies on intra-regional inequality are scarce, particularly for European countries. This paper aims at further investigating inequality by focusing on wage differences within regions. We consider the case of Portugal, which is considered one of the countries with the highest level of economic inequality. In particular, we analyse the evolution of intra-regional wage inequality between 1995 and 2005, employing a quantile-based decomposition method. Our results show that wage inequality evolution has been different across the various regions, increasing in some regions and decreasing in others. Different changes in the workforce composition explain these diverse developments." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnhöhe; regionaler Vergleich; regionale Disparität; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; qualifikationsspezifische Faktoren; Portugal; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1995; E 2005},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J31; D31; R11; C21},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1941},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150422m03},


   Journal= {Wirtschaftsdienst},
   Volume= {95},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Christina Boll and Julian S. Leppin},
   Title= {Die geschlechtsspezifische Lohnl{\"u}cke in Deutschland : Umfang, Ursachen und Interpretation},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {249-254},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0043-6275},
   Abstract= {"Männer und Frauen verdienen unterschiedlich viel. In Deutschland ist die Lohnlücke zwischen den Geschlechtern besonders hoch. Die Berechnungen der Autoren zeigen: Je nach verwendeten Daten und Methoden verändern sich Umfang und Komponenten der Lohnlücke. Die Identifi zierung von Diskriminierung bleibt indes schwierig. Um die Ursachen zu erforschen, sind zunächst die verwendeten Daten und Methoden bei der Berechnung der Lohnlücke zu betrachten. Die Autoren stellen ergänzend eigene Berechnungsergebnisse vor." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"The gender pay gap in Germany amounts to 22% according to the Federal Statistical Offi ce (2014). Based on the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), the authors tested the robustness of the gap, comparing different specifi cations of covariates and the underlying sample. They decompose the wage gap of their preferred specifi cation into an explained part (20.5 log points) and an unexplained part (2.3 log points). Furthermore, a quantile decomposition reveals higher wage differentials for outer quantiles and increased importance of the unexplained part for higher quantiles. The authors suggest that discrimination cannot be singled out. However, part of it might go unrecorded in both components of the gap." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnunterschied - Ursache; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Datengewinnung; Forschungsmethode; Lohndiskriminierung; Arbeitszeit; Berufserfahrung; Wirtschaftszweige; Regressionsanalyse; Arbeitsbewertung; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2011; E 2011},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J16; J31},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 213},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150422914},


   Institution={CESifo GmbH, M{\"u}nchen (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Esther Ann Boler and Beata Javorcik and Karen Helene Ulltveit-Moe},
   Title= {Globalization: A woman's best friend? : exporters and the gender wage gap},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {33},
   Address= {M{\"u}nchen},
   Series= {CESifo working paper},
   Number= {5296},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"While the impact of globalization on income inequality has received a lot of attention, little is known about its effect on the gender wage gap (GWG). This study argues that there is a systematic difference in the GWG between exporting firms and non-exporters. By the virtue of being exposed to higher competition, exporters require greater commitment and flexibility from their employees. If commitment is not easily observable and women are perceived as less committed workers than men, exporters will statistically discriminate against female employees and will exhibit a higher GWG than non-exporters. We test this hypothesis using matched employer-employee data from the Norwegian manufacturing sector from 1996 to 2010. Our identification strategy relies on an exogenous shock, namely, the legislative changes that increased the length of the parental leave that is available only to fathers. We argue that these changes have narrowed the perceived commitment gap between the genders and show that the initially higher GWG observed in exporting firms relative to non-exporters has gone down after the changes took place." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Globalisierung - Auswirkungen; Export - Auswirkungen; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Einkommenseffekte; produzierendes Gewerbe; Elternzeit; Väter; Reformpolitik - Auswirkungen; Commitment; Norwegen; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1996; E 2010},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: F100; F140; F160; J160},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150423r15},

   Institution={Centre for Economic Performance, London (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Mark Bryan and Alex Bryson},
   Title= {Has performance pay increased wage inequality in Britain?},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {44},
   Address= {London},
   Series= {CEP discussion paper},
   Number= {1346},
   ISBN= {ISSN 2042-2695},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Using data from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) we show performance pay (PP) increased earnings dispersion among men and women, and to a lesser extent among full-time working women, in the decade of economic growth which ended with the recession of 2008. PP was also associated with some compression in the lower half of the wage distribution for women. The effects were predominantly associated with a broad measure of PP that included bonuses. However, these effects were modest and there is no indication that PP became increasingly prevalent, as some had predicted, over the decade prior to recession." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Leistungslohn - Auswirkungen; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Lohnstruktur; Lohnzulage; Weihnachtsgeld; Urlaubsgeld; Gewinnbeteiligung; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1998; E 2008},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J31; J33},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150423r14},

   Institution={Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Economics Department (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Andrés Fuentes Hutfilter},
   Title= {Estonia: Making the most of human capital},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {28},
   Address= {Paris},
   Series= {OECD Economics Department working papers},
   Number= {1214},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1815-1973},
   Abstract= {"Labour input in Estonia remains lower than before the crisis. Skill mismatches between workers and jobs contribute to structural unemployment and emigration, notably among young, employed workers, has reduced labour supply. Although the government has lowered labour taxes and further reductions are planned, government revenues still rely heavily on taxing employment. Shifting some of the tax burden on labour to real estate would make the tax system more employment friendly. High costs reduce the returns workers earn on the assets in the compulsory private pension system, effectively raising the tax burden on labour. There is scope to reduce costs. In the public pension system, phasing out early retirement schemes for workers in specific sectors or professions would make room for lower social security contributions. They pay gap between men and women is substantial and further steps could be envisaged to reduce it. Reforms to improve the skills of Estonian workers have a high pay-off in view of increased demand for skilled workers. The recent initiatives of the government to foster life-long learning and improve financial support for students from low-income families in tertiary education are welcome. There is scope to promote apprenticeships, for example by fostering cooperation between local firms and local schools. This would help reduce skill mismatch. More financial support is needed for students, especially to ensure youth have access to upper secondary vocational education. This Working Paper relates to the 2015 OECD Economic Survey" (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitskräfteangebot; strukturelle Arbeitslosigkeit; mismatch; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Lohnpolitik; Steuerpolitik; Teilzeitarbeit; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Rentenpolitik; private Alterssicherung; Berufsbildungspolitik; Hochschulpolitik; Minderheiten; ethnische Gruppe; Russe; Auswanderung; Estland; },
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J16; J22; J24; J26; J32},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150515r13},


   Annote= {Sign.: 687.0143;},
   Editor= {Jacqueline Scott and Rosemary Crompton and Clare Lyonette},
   Title= {Gender inequalities in the 21st century : new barriers and continuing constraints},
   Year= {2010},
   Pages= {297},
   Address= {Cheltenham},
   Publisher= {Edward Elgar},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-1-84980-079-2; ISBN 978-1-84844-438-6},
   Abstract= {"Both women and men strive to achieve a work and family balance, but does this imply more or less equality? Does the persistence of gender and class inequalities refute the notion that lives are becoming more individualised? Leading international authorities document how gender inequalities are changing and how many inequalities of earlier eras are being eradicated. However, this book shows there are new barriers and constraints that are slowing progress in attaining a more egalitarian society. Taking the new global economy into account, the expert contributors to this book examine the conflicts between different types of feminisms, revise old debates about 'equality' and 'difference' in the gendered nature of work and care, and propose new and innovative policy solutions." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en));
Jacqueline Scott, Rosemary Crompton,Clare Lyonette: Introduction: what's new about gender inequalities in the 21st century? (1-16);
Ingrid Schoon: Becoming adult: the persisting importance of dass and gender (19-39);
Fiona Devine: Class reproduction, occupational inheritance and occupational choices (40-58);
Angela Dale, Sameera Ahmed: Ethnic differences in women's economic activity: a focus an Pakistani and Bangladeshi women (59-81);
Janette Webb: Gender and the post-industrial shift (85-108);
Tracey Warren: Penalties of part-time work across Europe (109-125);
Nicky Le Feuvre: Feminising professions in Britain and France: how countries differ (126-149);
Man Yee Kan, Jonathan Gershuny: Gender segregation and bargaining in domestic labour: evidence from longitudinal time-use data (153-173);
Rosemary Crompton, Clare Lyonette: Family, dass and gender 'strategies' in mothers' employment and childcare (174-192);
Jacqueline Scott, Anke C. Plagnol, Jane Nolan: Perceptions of quality of life: gender differences across the life course (193-212);
Fran Bennett, Jerome De Henau, Sirin Sung: Within-household inequalities across classes? Management and control of money (215-241);
Gunn Elisabeth Birkelund and Arne Mastekaasa: Restructuring gender relations: women's labour market participation and earnings inequality among households ( 242-254);
Anne Lise Ellingsceter: Feminist policies and feminist conflicts: daddy's care or mother's (257-274);
Mary Evans: A mysterious commodity: capitalism and femininity ( 275-289).},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Geschlechterverhältnis; Ungleichheit - Entwicklung; Männer; Frauen; 21. Jahrhundert; Gleichstellung - Entwicklung; Gleichstellungspolitik; Arbeitsteilung; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Beruf und Familie; Berufswahl; soziale Herkunft; berufliche Integration; ethnische Gruppe; Minderheiten; Berufsstruktur; geschlechtsspezifischer Arbeitsmarkt; Teilzeitarbeit; Frauenberufe; Benachteiligung; Frauenerwerbstätigkeit; Kinderbetreuung; soziale Faktoren; Lebensqualität; Lebenslauf; Einkommensverwendung; Lohnunterschied; erwerbstätige Frauen; Feminismus; sozialer Wandel; soziale Ungleichheit; Europa; Großbritannien; Frankreich; USA; Kanada; Schweden; Japan; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 687.0143},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150416308},

8 von 452 Datensätzen ausgegeben.