Suchprofil: Gender_wage_gap
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 08/13



   Journal= {German Economic Review},
   Volume= {14},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Marcel Garz},
   Title= {Labour market segmentation: Standard and non-standard employment in Germany},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {349-371},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1465-6485},
   Abstract= {"Data from the German Socio-Economic Panel provide insight into the relationship between standard and non-standard work, from the perspective of dual labour market theory. We identify two segments that largely correspond to the common distinction between these forms of employment and find substantial differences in the determination of wages, as well as the composition of worker and job characteristics. These differences tend to increase after the Hartz reforms. The estimates also indicate the existence of a primary sector wage premium and job rationing, as well as specific patterns of labour mobility due to (partly non-economic) barriers between segments." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitsmarktsegmentation; Normalarbeitsverhältnis; atypische Beschäftigung; dualer Arbeitsmarkt; Beschäftigtenstruktur; Lohnhöhe; Arbeitskräftemobilität; Lohnunterschied; Vollzeitarbeit; Teilzeitarbeit; geringfügige Beschäftigung; befristeter Arbeitsvertrag; Leiharbeit; Arbeitsmarktrisiko; Segmentationstheorie; Arbeitsmarkttheorie; Qualifikationsstruktur; Geschlechterverteilung; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2001; E 2010},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J31; J42; J62},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1260},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k130718n03},

   Journal= {Scottish Journal of Political Economy},
   Volume= {60},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Boris Hirsch and Marion K{\"o}nig and Joachim M{\"o}ller},
   Title= {Is there a gap in the gap? Regional differences in the gender pay gap},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {412-439},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0036-9292},
   Abstract= {"In this paper, we investigate regional differences in the gender pay gap both theoretically and empirically. Within a spatial model of monopsonistic competition, we show that more densely populated labour markets are more competitive and constrain employers' ability to discriminate against women. Utilizing a large administrative data set for western Germany and a flexible semi-parametric propensity score matching approach, we find that the unexplained gender pay gap for young workers is substantially lower in large metropolitan than in rural areas. This regional gap in the gap of roughly 10 percentage points remained surprisingly constant over the entire observation period of 30 years." (Authors' abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: IAB-Regionalstichprobe; Lohnunterschied; Lohndiskriminierung; erwerbstätige Frauen; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; regionale Verteilung; regionale Disparität; Stadtbevölkerung; Großstadt; ländlicher Raum; Landbevölkerung; regionale Faktoren; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1975; E 2004},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J16; J42; J71},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 082},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k130715301},

   Journal= {Cambridge Journal of Economics},
   Volume= {37},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Nan Jia and Xiao-Yuan Dong},
   Title= {Economic transition and the motherhood wage penalty in urban China : investigation using panel data},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {819-843},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0309-166X; ISSN 1464-3545},
   Abstract= {"China's economic transition has fundamentally changed the mechanisms for allocating and compensating labour. This paper investigates how the economic transition has affected the wage gap between mothers and childless women in urban China using panel data for the period 1990-2005. The results show that overall, mothers earned considerably less than childless women; additionally, the wage penalties for motherhood went up substantially from the gradualist reform period (1990-96) to the radical reform period (1999-2005). The results also show that that although motherhood does not appear to have a significant wage effect for the state sector, it imposes substantial wage losses for mothers in the non-state sector. These findings suggest that the economic transition has shifted part of the cost of childbearing and -rearing from the state and employers back to women, in the form of lower earnings for working mothers." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Wirtschaftsstrukturwandel - Auswirkungen; Lohndiskriminierung; Mütter; erwerbstätige Frauen; Lohnunterschied; Kinderlosigkeit; Stadt; Elternschaft; Einkommenseffekte; staatlicher Sektor; Privatwirtschaft; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; China; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1990; E 2005},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J13; O10; R20},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 069},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k130716n07},

   Journal= {The Review of Economic Studies},
   Volume= {80},
   Number= {284},
   Author= {John A. Knowles},
   Title= {Why are married men working su much? : an aggregate analysis of intra-household bargaining and labour supply},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {1055-1085},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0034-6527},
   Abstract= {"Are macro-economists mistaken in ignoring bargaining between spouses? This article argues that models of intra-household allocation could be useful for understanding aggregate labour supply trends in the U.S. since the 1970s. A simple calculation suggests that the standard model without bargaining predicts a 19% decline in married-male labour supply in response to the narrowing of the gender gap in wages since the 1970s. However married-men's paid labour remained stationary over the period from the mid 1970s to the recession of 2001. This article develops and calibrates to U.S. time-use survey data a model of marital bargaining in which time allocations are determined jointly with equilibrium marriage and divorce rates. The results suggest that bargaining effects raised married-men's labour supply by about 2.1 weekly hours over the period, and reduced that of married women by 2.7 hours. Bargaining therefore has a relatively small impact on aggregate labour supply, but is critical for trends in female labour supply. Also, the narrowing of the gender wage gap is found to account for a weekly 1.5 hour increase in aggregate labour supply." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Ehepaare; Zeitverwendung; Erwerbsarbeit; Arbeitsteilung; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Arbeitszeit; Ehemänner; Ehefrauen; Arbeitskräfteangebot; Lohnunterschied; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Verhandlungstheorie; Arbeitszeitentwicklung; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1975; E 2003},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: E130; J120; J160; J200; J220},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 060},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k130819a01},

   Journal= {Oxford Review of Economic Policy},
   Volume= {29},
   Number= {1},
   Author= {Joanne Lindley and Stephen Machin},
   Title= {Wage inequality in the labour years},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {165-177},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0266-903X},
   Abstract= {"This paper studies changes in labour market inequality in the UK, with particular reference to what happened to wage inequality during the years of Labour government. The analysis uses micro-data through time to document what happened to overall wage inequality, as well as upper- and lower-tail wage inequality, relative to what went before. Simple supply and demand models of changing wage differentials by education group are used, so as to consider the drivers of relative demand shifts in favour of the more educated that underpin rising wage inequality. The changing role of labour market institutions is also discussed, and in particular the decline of unionization and the importance of the introduction of the national minimum wage in 1999 for the evolution of lower-tail wage inequality." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnhöhe; Lohnunterschied; Ungleichheit; Hochqualifizierte; Niedrigqualifizierte; Ungelernte; Arbeiter; technischer Wandel; Arbeitskräftebedarf; Geschlechterverteilung; Gewerkschaftsarbeit; Sozialdemokratie; Konservatismus; Regierung; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1997; E 2010},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J24; J31},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1283},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k130705t09},

   Journal= {Acta Sociologica},
   Volume= {56},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Charlotta Magnusson},
   Title= {More women, lower pay? : occupational sex composition, wages and wage growth},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {227-245},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0001-6993},
   Abstract= {"Research consistently shows that the share of females in an occupation is negatively associated with wages, and this has frequently been interpreted as an expression of devaluation of women's work. However, few studies have described the detailed shape of the relationship between wages and occupational sex composition. Using Swedish register data from 2001 and 2003, I advance our understanding of the devaluation process by studying the functional form more closely in both the cross-section and panel. The analyses reveal a non-linear relationship between sex composition and wages, where the highest wages for both men and women are earned in sex-integrated occupations. Second, studying the wage payoffs of people moving across occupations with varying sex compositions shows that both sexes gain by moving to relatively sex-integrated occupations (about 25 to 54% female)." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: geschlechtsspezifischer Arbeitsmarkt; Berufsgruppe; Geschlechterverteilung; Einkommenseffekte; Männerberufe; Frauenberufe; Mischberufe; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Lohnhöhe; Berufswechsel; Schweden; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2001; E 2003},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 134},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k130716n04},

   Journal= {Empirical Economics},
   Volume= {45},
   Number= {1},
   Author= {Philippe Van Kerm},
   Title= {Generalized measures of wage differentials},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {465-482},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0377-7332},
   Abstract= {"This paper considers measures of wage differentials not solely determined by mean comparisons but summarizing differences across complete wage distributions. The approach builds on considerations of risk or inequality aversion and on standard expected utility concepts. In an application to the gender pay gap in Luxembourg the disadvantage of women persists according to the proposed measures: lower mean wages for women are not compensated by differences in higher moments of wage distributions (e.g., by less dispersion) at least for realistic assumptions about women preferences toward risk and inequality. The paper also illustrates an original empirical model for wage distributions in the presence of covariates and under endogenous labour market participation. " (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnstruktur; Lohndifferenzierung; Lohnunterschied - Messung; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; Lohndiskriminierung; erwerbstätige Männer; Präferenz; Risikobereitschaft; Ungleichheit; Luxemburg; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2003; E 2007},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: D63; J31; J70},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 786},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k130813n05},


   Journal= {Journal for Labour Market Research},
   Volume= {46},
   Number= {2},
   Author= {Boris Hirsch and Thorsten Konietzko},
   Title= {The effect of housework on wages in Germany : no impact at all},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {103-118},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1614-3485},
   Abstract= {"Auf Grundlage zweier deutscher Datensätze, des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels und der Zeitbudgeterhebung, untersucht dieser Beitrag den Einfluss der für Hausarbeit aufgewandten Zeit auf die Löhne. Im Gegensatz zum Gros der internationalen Forschungsliteratur findet sich kein negativer Effekt der Hausarbeit auf die Löhne. Dieses Ergebnis zeigt sich in West- wie Ostdeutschland sowohl für Frauen und Männer, für verheiratete Individuen und Singles als auch für Teilzeit- und Vollzeitbeschäftigte. Unsere Ergebnisse ändern sich zudem nicht, wenn wir verschiedene Formen von Hausarbeit unterscheiden oder die Endogenität der geleisteten Hausarbeit in den Lohnregressionen mithilfe von Instrumentvariablenschätzungen berücksichtigen." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"This paper presents evidence on the impact of hours spent on housework activities on individuals' wages for Germany using data from both the German Socio-Economic Panel and the German Time Use Survey. In contrast to most of the international literature, we find no negative effect of housework on wages. This holds for men and women, for married and single individuals, and for parttime and full-time workers both in West and East Germany. Our insights do not change when we distinguish different types of housework activities or address the endogeneity of housework in our wage regressions by using instrumental variables estimators." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Hausarbeit; Einkommenseffekte; Lohnhöhe; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Zeitbudget; Ehepartner; allein Stehende; Vollzeitarbeit; Teilzeitarbeit; Lohnunterschied; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2000; E 2009},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J16; J31; J22},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 259},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k121015n08},


   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit, Bonn (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Daniel Fernandez Kranz and Nuria Rodriguez-Planas},
   Title= {Can parents' right to work part-time hurt childbearing-aged women? : a natural experiment with administrative data},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {49},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA discussion paper},
   Number= {7509},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Using a differences-in-differences approach and controlling for individual unobserved heterogeneity, we evaluate the impact of a 1999 law that granted all workers with children younger than 7 years old protection against a layoff if the worker had previously asked for a work-week reduction due to family responsibilities. As only mothers took advantage of these arrangements, we find that after the law, employers were: (i) more likely to let childbearingaged working women 'go' relative to their male counterparts; (ii) less likely to promote childbearing-aged women into good jobs; and (iii) less likely to hire childbearing-aged women. In addition, employers were able to pass at least part of the cost to childbearing-aged women through lower wages, and the amount passed to workers increased with the precariousness of the job. Heterogeneity analysis reveals that the effect on employment transitions is mainly driven by low-skilled workers and those in blue-collar jobs, while the effect on wages holds across all groups. Evidence that the substitution away from (good) jobs widens over time suggests employer learning. These results are robust to the use of different specifications and placebo tests." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Teilzeitarbeit; Rechtsanspruch - Auswirkungen; Mütter; erwerbstätige Frauen; Arbeitszeitverkürzung; Personaleinstellung; Diskriminierung; Beförderung; Entlassungen; junge Erwachsene; Lohndiskriminierung; Beschäftigerverhalten; Kündigungsschutz; berufliche Mobilität; Mobilitätsbarriere; Spanien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1996; E 2010},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: C23; C25; C33; J16; J22; J62},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k130802r09},


   Annote= {Sign.: 682.0218 (1); 682.0218 (2);},
   Editor= {Vicki Smith},
   Title= {Sociology of work : an encyclopedia. Vol. 1 and 2},
   Year= {2013},
   Pages= {1136},
   Address= {Thousand Oaks},
   Publisher= {Sage},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-1-4522-0506-9},
   Abstract= {"The simple act of going to work every day is an integral part of all societies across the globe. It is an ingrained social contract: we all work to survive. But it goes beyond physical survival. Psychologists have equated losing a job with the trauma of divorce or a family death, and enormous issues arise, from financial panic to sinking self-esteem. Through work, we build our self-identity, our lifestyle, and our aspirations. How did it come about that work dominates so many parts of our lives and our psyche? This multi-disciplinary encyclopedia covers curricular subjects that seek to address that question, ranging from business and management to anthropology, sociology, social history, psychology, politics, economics, and health." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitssoziologie; Arbeitspsychologie; Lexikon; Arbeitswelt; Arbeitsorganisation; Arbeitsbeziehungen; institutionelle Faktoren; Marx, Karl; Weber, Max; Durkheim, Emile; Unternehmenskultur; Arbeitsmarktsegmentation; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; soziale Ungleichheit; Diskriminierung; Erwerbsbeteiligung; Rasse; ethnische Gruppe; Minderheiten; Sozialgeschichte; Beruf und Familie; Entgrenzung; Erwerbsformenwandel; technischer Wandel; Globalisierung; soziale Bewegung; Wissenschaftsgeschichte; Arbeiterbewegung; Arbeitsplatzqualität; berufliche Identität; Work-Life-Balance; Arbeitszufriedenheit; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 682.0218 (1); 682.0218 (2)},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k121217304},

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