Suchprofil: Berufsrückkehrerinnen
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 08/15



   Journal= {Journal of Population Economics},
   Volume= {28},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Marco Caliendo and Steffen K{\"u}nn},
   Title= {Getting back into the labor market : the effects of start-up subsidies for unemployed females},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {1005-1043},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0933-1433},
   Abstract= {"Low female labor market participation is a problem many developed countries have to face. Beside activating inactive women, one possible solution is to support the re-integration of unemployed women. Due to female-specific labor market constraints (preferences for flexible working hours, discrimination), this is a difficult task, and the question arises whether active labor market policies (ALMP) are an appropriate tool to help. It has been shown that the effectiveness of traditional (ALMP) programs - which focus on the integration in dependent (potentially inflexible) employment - is positive but limited. At the same time, recent evidence for Austria shows that these programs reduce fertility which might be judged unfavorable from a societal perspective. Promoting self-employment among unemployed women might therefore be a promising alternative. Starting their own business might give women more independence and flexibility to reconcile work and family and increase labor market participation. Based on long-term informative data, we find that start-up programs persistently integrate former unemployed women into the labor market, and the impact on fertility is less detrimental than for traditional ALMP programs." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Frauen; Erwerbsbeteiligung; berufliche Reintegration; arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahme; Überbrückungsgeld; Existenzgründungszuschuss; Frauenförderung; arbeitslose Frauen; Unternehmensgründung; Unternehmer; Wirkungsforschung; Teilnehmerstruktur; berufliche Selbständigkeit; Einkommenserwartung; Fruchtbarkeit; Berufserfolg; Unternehmenserfolg; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Ostdeutschland; Westdeutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2003; E 2008},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J68; C14; H43},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 923},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150811902},

   Journal= {Journal of Social Policy},
   Volume= {44},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Linda Pickard and Derek King and Nicola Brimblecombe and Martin Knapp},
   Title= {The effectiveness of paid services in supporting unpaid carers' employment in England},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {567-590},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0047-2794},
   Abstract= {"This paper explores the effectiveness of paid services in supporting unpaid carers' employment in England. There is currently a new emphasis in England on 'replacement care', or paid services for the cared-for person, as a means of supporting working carers. The international evidence on the effectiveness of paid services as a means of supporting carers' employment is inconclusive and does not relate specifically to England. The study reported here explores this issue using the 2009/10 Personal Social Services Survey of Adult Carers in England. The study finds a positive association between carers' employment and receipt of paid services by the cared-for person, controlling for covariates. It therefore gives support to the hypothesis that services for the cared-for person are effective in supporting carers' employment. Use of home care and a personal assistant are associated on their own with the employment of both men and women carers, while use of day care and meals-on-wheels are associated specifically with women's employment. Use of short-term breaks are associated with carers' employment when combined with other services. The paper supports the emphasis in English social policy on paid services as a means of supporting working carers, but questions the use of the term 'replacement care' and the emphasis on 'the market'." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: soziale Dienste; öffentliche Dienstleistungen - Effizienz; Pflegedienst; Beruf und Familie; häusliche Pflege; Pflegetätigkeit; Altenpflege; Beschäftigungseffekte; Frauen; personenbezogene Dienstleistungen; Nichterwerbstätige; berufliche Reintegration; Krankenpflege; Großbritannien; England; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2009; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1971},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150723904},


   Journal= {IZA Journal of Labor Economics},
   Volume= {4},
   Number= {Art 14},
   Author= {Hamish Low and Virginia Sánchez-Marcos},
   Title= {Female labour market outcomes and the impact of maternity leave policies},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {22},
   ISBN= {ISSN 2193-8997},
   Abstract= {"This paper shows how family policies aimed at reconciling the pressures of family and work generate substantial variation in labour market outcomes across developed countries. We use a life-cycle model of female labour supply and savings behaviour, calibrated to the US economy, to assess the effect of introducing to the US a maternity leave policy similar to Scandinavian-type policies. We focus on the impact on gender differences in participation and in wages. We distinguish between the effect of the job protection offered by maternity leave and the effect of income replacement. Job protection leads to substantial increases in participation of mothers with children under 6, but with little long term effects. The effects on wages are minimal, with negative selection effects offsetting the reduced human capital depreciation. Income replacement has a limited impact on participation or wages." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Familienpolitik - Auswirkungen; Mütter; berufliche Integration; berufliche Reintegration; Frauenerwerbstätigkeit; Erwerbsbeteiligung; Lohnhöhe; Elternzeit; Elterngeld; Kündigungsschutz; Lohnersatzleistungen; Erwerbsquote; USA; Skandinavien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2007; E 2009},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J13; J18; J22},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 912},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150730902},

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