Suchprofil: Altern
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 06/11



%0 Journal Article
%J Oxford Review of Economic Policy
%V 26
%N 4
%F Z 1283
%A Fehr, Hans
%A Jokisch, Sabine
%A Kotlikoff, Laurence J.
%T Global growth, ageing, and inequality across and within generations
%D 2010
%P S. 636-654
%G en
%# A 2000; E 2100
%@ ISSN 0266-903X
%R 10.1093/oxrep/grq033
%X "The world's leading economies, both developed and developing, are engaged in an ever-changing economic symbiosis that is governed in large part by demographics and technological change, but also by pension, healthcare, and other fiscal policies. This interconnected economic evolution -- what economists call general equilibrium growth -- holds important implications for inequality across and within generations. This paper presents such a general equilibrium model. It features six goods, five regions, three skill groups, and 91 overlapping generations, each making life-cycle consumption and labour-supply decisions. The model pays special attention to the evolution of the Chinese and Indian economies. Thanks to their rapid technological advance and vast populations, these nations will play an ever more dominant role in determining the world's supplies of capital and labour, particularly unskilled labour. The good news for the developed world is that China and India will supply it with major amounts of capital over time, thanks to their high saving rates. The bad news is that these economies are also likely to bring much more unskilled relative to skilled labour into the market, which will, over time, dramatically reduce the relative wages of unskilled workers in the US, Europe, and Japan. This relative increase in the world supply of unskilled workers reflects, in large part, the simple fact that China and India are gradually bringing each of their skill groups up to Western standards, but have relatively more unskilled labour in their work forces." (author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K demografischer Wandel
%K Altern
%K Generationen
%K Ungleichheit
%K Globalisierung
%K Wirtschaftswachstum - internationaler Vergleich
%K technische Entwicklung
%K demografische Faktoren
%K Geburtenhäufigkeit
%K Geburtenrückgang
%K Lebensalter
%K Bevölkerungsstatistik
%K Bevölkerungsentwicklung
%K Bevölkerungsrückgang
%K Bevölkerungswachstum
%K Wirtschaftsstrukturwandel
%K Kapitalmobilität
%K Welthandel
%K Produktionsstruktur
%K Arbeitsproduktivität
%K Verbraucherverhalten
%K Steuerbelastung
%K Lohnentwicklung
%K Handelsbilanz
%K Bruttoinlandsprodukt
%K Beschäftigungseffekte
%K Niedrigqualifizierte
%K Belgien
%K Finnland
%K Frankreich
%K Bundesrepublik Deutschland
%K Griechenland
%K Irland
%K Italien
%K Luxemburg
%K Malta
%K Niederlande
%K Österreich
%K Portugal
%K Slowakei
%K Slowenien
%K Spanien
%K Zypern
%K China
%K Indien
%K Japan
%K Südkorea
%K Taiwan
%K Hongkong
%K F00
%K F20
%K H00
%K H30
%K J20
%K O00
%K O23
%Z Typ: 1. SSCI-Journals
%Z fertig: 2011-06-24
%M k110609t05
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek


%0 Book
%1 Great Britain, Department of Work and Pensions (Hrsg.)
%A Abrams, Dominic
%A Vauclair, Christin-Melanie
%A Swift, Hannah
%T Predictors of attitudes to age across Europe
%D 2011
%P 100 S.
%C London
%G en
%# A 2008; E 2009
%B Department for Work and Pensions. Research report : 735
%@ ISBN 978-1-84712-961-1
%X "In the context of Europe's ageing population an important challenge is how to respond to people's assumptions and expectations about age and ageing. Attitudes to age can affect people of all ages, and involve people's views both of themselves and of others. These attitudes have important implications for individual well-being, for age equality and for social cohesion. Understanding attitudes to age is essential if governments are to develop appropriate strategies for an ageing population.
This research explores how people's age and other demographics combine with different characteristics of the countries in which they live to affect responses to the following topics:
age categorisation and identification;
- perceived status of people over 70;
- perceived threat from people over 70;
- perceptions of stereotypes of people aged over 70;
- how positively or negatively people feel towards those aged over 70 (direct prejudice); and
- people's personal experiences of age prejudice.
Understanding both the individual and the country-level factors that influence these measures can help us to predict and understand where problems of ageism or age misperception are most likely to arise. The research for this study was conducted using European Social Survey (ESS) 2008/09 data, which provides representative samples from 28 countries belonging to the European region." (author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
%K alte Menschen
%K Alter
%K öffentliche Meinung
%K gesellschaftliche Einstellungen - internationaler Vergleich
%K Fremdbild
%K Stereotyp
%K Vorurteil
%K Diskriminierung
%K Rentner
%K soziale Wahrnehmung
%K Statuszuweisung
%K soziale Beziehungen
%K Belgien
%K Bulgarien
%K Schweiz
%K Zypern
%K Tschechische Republik
%K Bundesrepublik Deutschland
%K Dänemark
%K Estland
%K Spanien
%K Finnland
%K Frankreich
%K Großbritannien
%K Griechenland
%K Kroatien
%K Ungarn
%K Israel
%K Litauen
%K Niederlande
%K Norwegen
%K Polen
%K Portugal
%K Rumänien
%K Russland
%K Schweden
%K Slowakei
%K Slowenien
%K Türkei
%K Ukraine
%Z Typ: 5. monographische Literatur
%Z fertig: 2011-06-20
%M k110601r12
%~ LitDokAB
%W IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek

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