Suchprofil: unterwertige_Beschäftigung
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 08/19



   Journal= {Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies},
   Number= {online first},
   Author= {Emmanuel Kyeremeh and Godwin Arku and Paul Mkandawire and Evan Cleave and Ismahan Yusuf},
   Title= {What is success? Examining the concept of successful integration among African immigrants in Canada},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {19},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1369-183X},
   Abstract= {"Canadian immigration documents such as the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act 2001 stipulate that it is the responsibility of the government to help immigrants to integrate successfully. In part, this is due to the recognition that immigrants have the capital vital for economic and demographic enhancement of the country. To this end, successful integration is an important policy objective, with policymakers outlining indicators that measure the degree of immigrant integration. However, it is unclear the extent to which such policy indicators reflect the perspectives of immigrants. Drawing on in-depth interviews with African immigrants in London, Ontario, we report on a qualitative study that explored the meaning of successful integration. The findings capture some dimensions of successful integration. They indicate that creating avenues for personal growth and development in a context where immigrants have options and opportunities for advancement is an important marker of integration. Moreover, the findings show that achieving pre-migration aspirations - dreams and goals set prior to arrival in the host country are central to immigrants' conceptualisation of integration. Furthermore, as opposed to an action with a definite endpoint, immigrants understand integration as an ongoing process in which immigrants continuously adapt in response to changing demands of the host country." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einwanderer - Integration; Wahrnehmung; Afrikaner; berufliche Integration; soziale Integration; Erwartung; Spracherwerb; adäquate Beschäftigung; Einbürgerung; Kanada; Ontario; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1113},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190809v05},

   Journal= {Demographic research},
   Volume= {41},
   Author= {Silvia Maja Melzer and Thomas Hinz},
   Title= {The role of education and educational-occupational mismatches in decisions regarding commuting and interregional migration from eastern to western Germany},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {Art. 16, 461-476},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1435-9871},
   Abstract= {"This paper investigates commuting and interregional migration from eastern to western Germany, and asks, first: Who chooses to migrate and who chooses to commute? Second: Does commuting serve as a stepping-stone or as a long-term alternative to migration? And third: What role does education and educational - occupational mismatch play in those choices?
We use the Socio-Economic Panel data from 1992 to 2013 and multilevel multinomial logit models with random effects, as well as cross-classified multilevel logit with random effects.
People with higher education are more likely to migrate than to remain immobile or to commute, while people who have spent less time in education are more likely to commute than to remain immobile or to migrate. Educational - occupational mismatches reduce the likelihood of migration for both men and women, but they reduce the likelihood of commuting only for men. For women, educational - occupational mismatches increase the likelihood of commuting. Moreover, commuting serves as a stepping-stone to migration, rather than as a long-term alternative to it, especially for the highly educated.
We investigate the relationship between migration and commuting more directly than has been the case in previous research. Moreover, we advance previous research by showing how educational - occupational mismatch influences decisions as to whether to commute or to migrate. Our analysis shows how education, educational - occupational mismatch, and gender are interrelated and intertwined with each other, and how gender-specific mobility patterns follow from these interrelations." (Author's abstract, © Max-Planck-Institut für demographische Forschung) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Binnenwanderung; Wanderungsmotivation; Pendelwanderung; qualifikationsspezifische Faktoren; mismatch; unterwertige Beschäftigung; Überqualifikation; Fernpendler; regionale Mobilität; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Ostdeutschland; Westdeutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1992; E 2013},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1997},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190805v10},

   Journal= {Applied Economics},
   Volume= {51},
   Number= {47},
   Author= {Dominique Meurs and Emmanuel Valat},
   Title= {A better job thanks to personal networks? An evaluation for migrants who arrived in France before age 18},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {5144-5159},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0003-6846},
   Abstract= {"It is more difficult for migrants than natives to find a job in their host country, so many of them have to accept, at least temporarily, a job that is below their level of qualification. This represents a waste of human capital for society and can undermine social cohesion. Relying on social relationships might help them to bypass some of the obstacles that prevent them from finding a job that matches their skillset. We focus on migrants who arrived in France before the age of 18 years, who were educated entirely or partially in France. We use the rich French Trajectories and Origins dataset for 2009 to study the impact of personal contacts on the quality of the current employment. We measure the job quality using an indicator based on the educational requirement for a given occupation. To address the endogeneity between our dependent variable (holding a suitable job or not) and the variable of interest (employment found through a personal contact or not), we use the variable 'sibling(s) in France' as an instrument: this variable influences an individual's probability of finding a job through contacts but does not influence directly the quality of the employment. Our results indicate that for these migrants, finding a job through personal contacts strongly and positively impacts the occupational status attained: it raises both women's and men's probability of holding a suitable job by more than 0.40 points." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einwanderer; soziales Netzwerk - Auswirkungen; Arbeitsuche; informelle Kommunikation; ausländische Jugendliche; Arbeitsplatzqualität; adäquate Beschäftigung; Frankreich; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2007; E 2007},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J15; D83},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 132},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190726v01},

   Journal= {Jahrb{\"u}cher f{\"u}r National{\"o}konomie und Statistik},
   Volume= {239},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Uma Rani and Marianne Furrer},
   Title= {On-demand digital economy: Can experience ensure work and income security for microtask workers?},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {565-597},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0021-4027},
   Abstract= {"Digital labour platforms have been increasingly gaining popularity over the past decade. In particular, there has been much debate about workers' motivations and working conditions on microtask platforms. There exists little evidence on whether dependence on digital microtask platforms provides workers with work and income security in the long term and whether it provides opportunities for skill development. This paper explores the extent to which the seemingly flexible platform work ensures work and income security and provides opportunities for skill development for workers with different levels of experience, based on novel survey data collected on five globally operating microtask platforms and in-depth interviews with workers. The findings show that despite high financial dependence on this work, returns to experience on the platform are meagre in terms of earnings, and highly experienced workers face the same risks as new entrants with regard to discrimination, high work intensity, lack of autonomy and control over work, and social protection. There is also a skills gap between the nature of tasks available on these microtask platforms and the workers' education levels. Finally, experience does not ensure that workers have the opportunities to undertake complex and challenging tasks, and the possibilities to develop their skills and improve career prospects are limited." (Author's abstract, © De Gruyter) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Plattformökonomie; Qualifikationsentwicklung; Arbeitsbedingungen; Bildungsertrag; Selbständige; Kleinstunternehmen; Arbeitskraftunternehmer; unterwertige Beschäftigung; soziale Sicherheit; multinationale Unternehmen; Informationswirtschaft; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2017; E 2017},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J24; J31; J32; J81},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 488},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190705303},


   Journal= {IZA Journal of Labor Policy},
   Volume= {9},
   Author= {Anja Rossen and Christina Boll and Andrè-Renè Wolf},
   Title= {Patterns of overeducation in Europe : The role of field of study},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {Art. 3, 48},
   ISBN= {ISSN 2193-9004},
   Abstract= {"This study investigates the incidence of overeducation among graduate workers in 21 European Union countries and its underlying factors based on the European Labor Force Survey 2016. Although controlling for a wide range of covariates, the particular interest lies in the role of fields of study for vertical educational mismatch. The study reveals country differences in the impact of these factors. Compared to Social sciences, male graduates from, for example, Education, Health and welfare, Engineering, and ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) are less and those from Services and Natural sciences are more at risk in a clear majority of countries. These findings are robust against changes of the standard education. Moreover, some fields show gender-specific risks. We suggest that occupational closure, productivity signals and gender stereotypes answer for these cross-field and cross-country differentials. Moreover, country fixed effects point to relevant structural differences between national labor markets and between educational systems." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Überqualifikation; Hochqualifizierte; unterwertige Beschäftigung - Determinanten; Studienfach; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; ; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Europäische Union; ; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2016; E 2016;},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J24; J21; J22},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 2180},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190318v02},


   Institution={Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, Bereich Arbeitsmarktpolitik (Hrsg.)},
   Title= {Gefl{\"u}chtete auf dem Arbeitsmarkt},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {20},
   Address= {Berlin},
   Series= {Arbeitsmarkt aktuell},
   Number= {2019,03},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Die Beschäftigungsquoten von Geflüchteten steigen stetig. Inzwischen ist jeder dritte, der seit 2015 in Deutschland lebt, abhängig beschäftigt. Allerdings: Die durchschnittlichen Brottoeinkommen bei einem Vollzeitjob liegen deutlich unter denen anderer Beschäftigter. Das liegt auch daran, dass viele Geflüchtete als Helfer arbeiten - obwohl sie gut ausgebildet sind." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Flüchtlinge; berufliche Integration; Erwerbsquote; Lohnhöhe; sektorale Verteilung; Tätigkeitsfelder; unterwertige Beschäftigung; arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahme; Gewerkschaftspolitik; DGB; Beschäftigtenstatistik; IAB-BAMF-SOEP-Befragung von Geflüchteten; Qualifikationsniveau; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2018; E 2019},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190807v09},

6 von 532 Datensätzen ausgegeben.