Suchprofil: unterwertige_Beschäftigung
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 06/15



   Journal= {Environment and Planning. A, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research},
   Volume= {47},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Nabil Khattab and Ron Johnston and David Manley},
   Title= {'All in it together'? : ethnoreligious labour-market penalties and the post-2008 recession in the UK},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {977-995},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0308-518X},
   Abstract= {"The existence of ethnic penalties in the operations of the UK labour market is well established, although many studies have focused upon only unemployment and income as measures of labour-market performance. Few have looked at changes in those penalties over time, especially during a period including a major recent recession, and whether they were experienced widely throughout the population -- whether people were 'all in it together' according to the government's rhetoric defending its post-2010 austerity programme. This paper evaluates that claim's validity by exploring differences among eighteen separate ethnoreligious groups across a wider range of labour-market performance measures: it assesses not only whether there were ethnic penalties throughout the period but also whether they were exacerbated during the recession that began in 2008. Statistical modelling shows that many were indeed exacerbated -- in the percentage employed part-time rather than full-time, the percentage overqualified for their chosen jobs, the percentage of older adults who become economically inactive prematurely, and income levels -- but not unemployment levels. Muslim groups, especially those from Asia, suffered the most extensive penalties, and the greatest exacerbation of them during the recession." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: ethnische Gruppe; Minderheiten; Benachteiligung; Religion; Rezession - Auswirkungen; Unterbeschäftigung; Überqualifikation; unterwertige Beschäftigung; Muslime; Einwanderer; Arbeitslosigkeit; Teilzeitarbeit; Farbige; Berufsausstieg; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2002; E 2013},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1060},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150615m05},


   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit, Bonn (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Floro Ernesto Caroleo and Francesco Pastore},
   Title= {Overeducation: A disease of the school-to-work transition system},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {27},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA discussion paper},
   Number= {9049},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"This paper aims to survey the theoretical and empirical literature on cross-country differences in overeducation. While technological change and globalization have entailed a skill-bias in the evolution of labour demand in the Anglo-Saxon countries, instead, in other advanced economies in Western Europe the increased educational level has not been associated with a parallel raise in the share of skilled occupations, therefore generating skills mismatch. This suggests that a demand-side explanation of overeducation is justified in Western Europe, which would be also confirmed by circumstantial evidence coming from the recent literature. Nonetheless, overeducation may also turn to be positive in the long run if the expansion of the supply of skills generates a technological upgrading of the production system. Moreover, from a micro-economic point of view, recent theoretical and empirical studies tend to justify a human capital theory based interpretation of the phenomenon, whereas the disorganization of the educational system, its degree of integration with the labour market may play an important role in helping young graduates develop the work experience and the competences they need to prevent them from experiencing overeducation. Overeducation causes a penalty to individuals in terms of earnings and employment opportunities and a waste of resources to the society at large in terms of state investment into education that do not bear its yields. Both penalties are higher not only where the demand for skill is lower, but also where school-to- work transition systems fail to effectively address the aim of generating competences rather than only education for their graduates." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Überqualifikation - Ursache; Berufsbildungssystem - Effizienz; Überqualifikation - internationaler Vergleich; unterwertige Beschäftigung; Hochschulabsolventen; Bildungsertrag; mismatch; Arbeitskräftenachfrage; Qualifikationsstruktur; institutionelle Faktoren; Italien; OECD; },
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: C25; C26; C33; I2; J13; J24},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150526r06},

   Institution={Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Economics Department (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Muge Adalet McGowan and Dan Andrews},
   Title= {Labour market mismatch and labour productivity : evidence from PIAAC data},
   Year= {2015},
   Pages= {50},
   Address= {Paris},
   Series= {OECD Economics Department working papers},
   Number= {1209},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1815-1973},
   Abstract= {"This paper explores the link between skill and qualification mismatch and labour productivity using cross-country industry data for 19 OECD countries. Utilising mismatch indicators aggregated from micro-data sourced from the recent OECD Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC), the main results suggest that higher skill and qualification mismatch is associated with lower labour productivity, with over-skilling and under-qualification accounting for most of these impacts. A novel result is that higher skill mismatch is associated with lower labour productivity through a less efficient allocation of resources, presumably because when the share of over-skilled workers is higher, more productive firms find it more difficult to attract skilled labour and gain market shares at the expense of less productive firms. At the same time, a higher share of under-qualified workers is associated with both lower allocative efficiency and within-firm productivity - i.e. a lower ratio of high productivity to low productivity firms. While differences in managerial quality can potentially account for the relationship between mismatch and within-firm productivity, the paper offers some preliminary insights into the policy factors that might explain the link between skill mismatch and resource allocation." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: mismatch; Produktivitätseffekte - internationaler Vergleich; Arbeitsproduktivität; Überqualifikation; Unterqualifikation; OECD; Australien; Österreich; Belgien; Kanada; Tschechische Republik; Dänemark; Estland; Finnland; Frankreich; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Irland; Italien; Japan; Südkorea; Niederlande; Norwegen; Polen; Slowakei; Spanien; Schweden; Großbritannien; USA; Zypern; Russland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2011; E 2012},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: I20; J20; J24; O40},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k150526r10},

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