Suchprofil: Gender_wage_gap
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 09/18



   Journal= {International journal of manpower},
   Volume= {39},
   Number= {5},
   Author= {Carolina Castagnetti and Luisa Rosti and Marina T{\"o}pfer},
   Title= {Overeducation and the gender pay gap in Italy},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {710-730},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0143-7720},
   Abstract= {"Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the pivotal role of overeducation in explaining the unexplained part of the gender pay gap (GPG), i.e. the component usually attributed to gender discrimination in the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition.
Design/methodology/approach: The study uses a large Italian data set (ISFOL PLUS 2005 - 2014) to estimate the GPG among properly educated and overeducated workers. The model simultaneously accounts for both participation bias and endogeneity bias by applying an extension of the Heckman's two-stage procedure.
Findings: Estimates show that the GPG is significantly higher among overeducated than among properly educated workers because women's unobservable characteristics driving female employment into overeducation also drag down female wages more than men's unobservable characteristics drag down male wages. Correcting for the participation and overeducation decisions, the unexplained portion of the GPG disappears among overeducated workers, while it remains significant among properly educated individuals.
Originality/value: The authors draw the conclusion that overeducation is, first, a first-best matching for individuals (both men and women) compensating with more education for their lower productive characteristics. Second, it may be a signaling device for women spending their useless-for-the-job diploma to inform employers on their valuable though unobservable productive characteristics and fight gender wage discrimination. The results favor education as a tool of counteracting gender discrimination. Hence, as females are less overeducated than males despite their larger representation in higher education, there should not be concern that expanding higher education will disadvantage females." (Author's abstract, © Emerald Group) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnunterschied - Determinanten; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Überqualifikation; unterwertige Beschäftigung; Lohndiskriminierung; Italien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2005; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 267},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180822v14},

   Journal= {Journal of Economic Literature},
   Volume= {56},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {David Neumark},
   Title= {Experimental research on labor market discrimination},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {799-866},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0022-0515},
   Abstract= {"Understanding whether labor market discrimination explains inferior labor market outcomes for many groups has drawn the attention of labor economists for decades - at least since the publication of Gary Becker's The Economics of Discrimination in 1957. The decades of research on discrimination in labor markets began with a regression-based 'decomposition' approach, asking whether raw wage or earnings differences between groups - which might constitute prima facie evidence of discrimination - were in fact attributable to other productivity-related factors. Subsequent research - responding in large part to limitations of the regression-based approach - moved on to other approaches, such as using firm-level data to estimate both marginal productivity and wage differentials. In recent years, however, there has been substantial growth in experimental research on labor market discrimination - although the earliest experiments were done decades ago. Some experimental research on labor market discrimination takes place in the lab. But far more of it is done in the field, which makes this particular area of experimental research unique relative to the explosion of experimental economic research more generally. This paper surveys the full range of experimental literature on labor market discrimination, places it in the context of the broader research literature on labor market discrimination, discusses the experimental literature from many different perspectives (empirical, theoretical, and policy), and reviews both what this literature has taught us thus far, and what remains to be done." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Diskriminierung; Lohndiskriminierung; Beschäftigerverhalten; Frauen; Minderheiten; Rasse; ethnische Gruppe; Personaleinstellung; Migranten; Homosexualität; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Behinderte; Stereotyp; Vorurteil; Personalauswahl; physiologische Faktoren; Strafentlassene; },
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: C93; J14; J15; J16; J23; J41; J71},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 040},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180913v06},

   Journal= {European journal of ageing},
   Volume= {15},
   Number= {1},
   Author= {Justyna Stypinska and Laura Romeu Gordo},
   Title= {Gender, age and migration: an intersectional approach to inequalities in the labour market},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {23-33},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1613-9372; ISSN 1613-9380},
   Abstract= {"This paper analyses the interference of three socio-demographic characteristics: gender, age and migration status on the labour market outcomes from the perspective of intersectionality theory. Concretely, we investigate whether gender and migration differences in hourly wages are observable at younger ages and whether these differences increase with age. Further, we analyse whether gender and migration interact in such a way that women with migration background suffer lower wage growth in relation to their counterparts. Our analyses draw on data from the Socio-Economic Panel (German SOEP from 1991 to 2014), distinguishing between populations with and without a migration background. Random effects hourly wage regressions controlling for selection bias using Heckman procedure have been estimated in our analysis. The results show that there are large gender differences in hourly wage at younger ages, and these differences are maintained over the life course. Regarding migration status, no significant disadvantages in wages are observable at early stages. However, disadvantages of men and women with migration background increase with age, resulting in lower earnings for older workers with migration background. When we analyse the interaction between migration and gender, we observe no effect either at younger ages or over the entire lifespan, indicating that the gender disadvantage is no more pronounced for women with migration background than for women without such a background (and vice versa)." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnunterschied; Einwanderer; Frauen; altersspezifische Faktoren; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Migrationshintergrund; ausländische Frauen; ausländische Männer; Lebenslauf; Berufsverlauf; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1991; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 1010},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180914v12},

   Journal= {The international journal of human resource management},
   Volume= {29},
   Number= {9},
   Author= {Yoshio Yanadori and Jill A. Gould and Carol T. Kulik},
   Title= {A fair go? The gender pay gap among corporate executives in Australian firms},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {1636-1660},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0958-5192},
   Abstract= {"In virtually all economies, executive positions are highly male dominated. This study examines the pay gap between male executives and female executives in large Australian firms from 2011 to 2014 to evaluate whether female executives are paid equitably compared with male executives. The mean pay comparison shows that female executives earn 80.7% of the total pay earned by male executives. A large part of the gender pay gap is explained by differences in positions held; female executives are particularly underrepresented in highly paid executive positions. After controlling for executive position and other relevant individual and firm characteristics, there remains a 15.1% gender gap in total pay. Our findings suggest that to achieve the goal of gender equity, both the proportion of women at executive level and the executive-level gender pay gap need to be monitored." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Führungskräfte; Einkommensunterschied; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; Geschlechterverteilung; Chancengleichheit; Australien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2011; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 785},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180917v04},


   Journal= {Wirtschaft und Statistik},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Martin Beck},
   Title= {Verdienstunterschiede zwischen M{\"a}nnern und Frauen nach Bundesl{\"a}ndern},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {26-36},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0043-6143},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Annote= {URL: jsessionid=EE37DB7DA59AF1B4F716DCB8D3EBC8A6.InternetLive1?__blob=publicationFile},
   Abstract= {"In diesem Beitrag werden erstmals Ergebnisse zum bereinigten Gender Pay Gap für die sechzehn Bundesländer vorgelegt und die Vorgehensweise bei deren Ermittlung vorgestellt. Die Analyse basiert auf der Verdienststrukturerhebung 2014 und knüpft methodisch und inhaltlich an bereits veröffentlichte Auswertungen für Deutschland an. Zur Ermittlung des bereinigten Verdienstunterschieds wird die Oaxaca-Blinder- Dekomposition eingesetzt. Dieses Verfahren zur Zerlegung des Verdienstunterschieds in einen statistisch erklärten und einen nicht erklärten Teil gilt als die am häufigsten verwendete Methode zur Analyse von Verdienstunterschieden. Die Länderergebnisse für den bereinigten Gender Pay Gap liegen 2014 zwischen 4,4 % in Schleswig-Holstein und 9,3 % in Brandenburg. Sie sind somit deutlich niedriger und streuen erheblich weniger als die bisher publizierten unbereinigten Verdienstunterschiede." (Autorenreferat, © Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden)},
   Abstract= {"In this article, results on the adjusted gender pay gap for the sixteen German Länder are presented for the first time, including the approach to how they are obtained. The analysis is based on the Structure of Earnings Survey 2014 and both its methodology and content are in line with evaluations published earlier for Germany. To determine the adjusted pay gap, the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition is used. This method of dividing the pay gap into a statistically explained part and an unexplained part is considered to be the most commonly used method of analysing pay gaps. The Länder results regarding the adjusted gender pay gap in 2014 range between 4.4 % in Schleswig- Holstein and 9.3 % in Brandenburg. They are thus significantly lower, with considerably lower dispersion, than the unadjusted pay gap data published in the past." (Author's abstract, © Statistisches Bundesamt, Wiesbaden) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnunterschied; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; regionaler Vergleich; Bundesländer; Lohndiskriminierung; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2014; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 081},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180820v01},


   Institution={Hamburgisches Welt-Wirtschafts-Institut (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Christina Boll and Andreas Lagemann},
   Title= {The gender pay gap in the public and private sector in Germany : magnitude, evolution 2010-2014 and main drivers},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {45},
   Address= {Hamburg},
   Series= {HWWI research paper},
   Number= {183},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1861-504X},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"The present study examines, based on the Structure of Earnings Survey (SES) 2010 and 2014, the unadjusted gender pay gap of the public sector (economic sectors O (Public Administration, Defence, and compulsory Social Security) and P (Education)) compared to the private economy. The unadjusted gender pay gap in the public sector stood at 5.6 % in 2014 and was virtually unchanged compared to 2010. The gap in the private economy remained about four times as high. The wage advantage of women over men among part-time workers, both in the public and in the private sector, is due to the relatively high proportion of marginally and temporarily employed workers and the relatively short firm tenure among men. Among fulltime workers, the explained part of the gap is driven by the performance group. The findings once again underline the need to review gender-based access to leading positions in the public sector. The detailed decomposition of the explained part for all workers reveals that the advantageous distribution of performance groups and levels of education, as well as the lower rate of part-time employment among men, explains their earnings advantage. In the private economy, men also benefit from their employment in wage-attractive sectors." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; öffentlicher Dienst; Privatwirtschaft; öffentliche Verwaltung; Militär; Sozialversicherung; Bildungssystem; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2010; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180906v16},

   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Juan Carlos Campaña and J. Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal and Jose Alberto Molina},
   Title= {Efficient labor supply for Latin families : is the intra-household bargaining power relevant?},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {24},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA discussion paper},
   Number= {11695},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"This paper analyzes the efficient labor supply of male and female workers in Latin American countries employing the collective model framework. Using data from Time Use Surveys for Mexico (2009) and Colombia (2012), we find evidence of Paretoefficient labor supply decisions within households, as the collective rationality is not rejected in the two countries. We find that higher female wages are related to more labor market hours of female workers, and male workers show an altruistic behavior towards females with the increase of their labor income. Sex ratio are related to transfers of additional income from male to female workers in Colombia, which sheds light on the relevance of distribution factors in the internal decision process of the couple. Our results suggest that the distribution of bargaining power within the household is an important factor that should be considered when analyzing household decisions." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitskräfteangebot; Männer; Frauen; private Haushalte; Lohnunterschied; Arbeitszeit; Einkommensverteilung; Ehepaare; Entscheidungsfindung; Macht; Verhandlungstheorie; Kolumbien; Mexiko; Lateinamerika; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2009; E 2012},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: D10; J22},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180816v19},

   Institution={National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Kerwin Kofi Charles and Jonathan Guryan and Jessica Pan},
   Title= {The effects of sexism on American women : the role of norms vs. discrimination},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {56},
   Address= {Cambrige, Mass.},
   Series= {NBER working paper},
   Number= {24904},
   Abstract= {"We study how reported sexism in the population affects American women. Fixed-effects and TSLS estimates show that higher prevailing sexism where she was born (background sexism) and where she currently lives (residential sexism) both lower a woman's wages, labor force participation and ages of marriage and childbearing. We argue that background sexism affects outcomes through the influence of previously-encountered norms, and that estimated associations regarding specific percentiles and male versus female sexism suggest that residential sexism affects labor market outcomes through prejudice-based discrimination by men, and non-labor market outcomes through the influence of current norms of other women." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Diskriminierung; Lohndiskriminierung; Frauen; erwerbstätige Frauen; Lohnunterschied; Lohnhöhe; Arbeitszeit; Persistenz; soziale Normen; gesellschaftliche Einstellungen; Leistungsfähigkeit; Männer; Erwerbsarbeit; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1970; E 2017},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J12; J13; J16; J22; J31; J7; Z10},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180821v04},


   Author= {Mariette Fink},
   Title= {Erwerbst{\"a}tige Frauen in Frankreich und der Bundesrepublik Deutschland : Die Rolle der Europ{\"a}ischen Gemeinschaft und nationaler Akteure von 1969-1986},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {269},
   Address= {Wiesbaden},
   Publisher= {Springer VS},
   Series= {Research},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-3-658-23278-8 ; ISBN 978-3-658-23279-5},
   Abstract= {"Mariette Fink untersucht das Zusammenspiel verschiedener Akteure rund um die Stellung erwerbstätiger Frauen in den europäischen Nationalstaaten und stellt die Frage, inwieweit europäische Integration als Chance für die Gleichstellung der Geschlechter bewertet werden kann. Es gelingt der Autorin, unterschiedliche Frauenleitbilder und Europaerwartungen durch den Vergleich zwischen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und Frankreich aufzuzeigen. Zugleich können Interessen und Strategien der Akteure in den 1960er bis 1980er Jahren nachgezeichnet und Erklärungsmöglichkeiten für deren Handeln und den Erfolg von EG-Maßnahmen erarbeitet werden." (Verlagsangaben, IAB-Doku)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: erwerbstätige Frauen - internationaler Vergleich; Gleichstellung; Diskriminierung; Chancengleichheit; Gleichstellungspolitik; kulturelle Faktoren; Geschlechterrolle; Lohnunterschied; Interessenvertretung; EU-Politik; Teilzeitarbeit; Arbeitslosigkeit; europäische Sozialpolitik; europäische Integration; Frankreich; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; EWG; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1969; E 1986},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k180823p01},

9 von 434 Datensätzen ausgegeben.