Suchprofil: EU-Arbeitsmarkt,_-Integration
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 09/11



   Journal= {Demographic Research},
   Volume= {25},
   Number= {Art 16},
   Author= {Alicia Adsera},
   Title= {The interplay of employment uncertainty and education in explaining second births in Europe},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {513-544},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1435-9871},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Periods of high and persistent unemployment since the late 1980s as well as an upward trend in the share of temporary employment characterize recent labor market instability in Europe. This paper analyzes the associations between timing to a second birth and changing economic environment. In particular, it focuses in understanding what dimensions of economic uncertainty affect women with different educational background. First it employs time varying measures of aggregate market conditions for women in twelve European countries as well as micro-measures of each woman's labor market history in a proportional hazard model of second births. Both individual and aggregate unemployment as well as temporary employment are coupled with later second births. Unemployment slows down childbearing plans, particularly for the least educated, whereas holding a very short contract deters the most educated. Second, I use the 2006 Spanish Fertility Survey to show how education and the economic conditions - provincial unemployment and share of temporary employment- faced by women as they enter the labor market in their early twenties are connected with their timing to second births." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Kinderzahl - Determinanten; Geburtenhäufigkeit - internationaler Vergleich; Bildungsniveau; Arbeitsplatzsicherheit; Familienplanung; Kinderwunsch; Familiengröße; Frauen; generatives Verhalten; altersspezifische Faktoren; sozioökonomische Faktoren; befristeter Arbeitsvertrag; Arbeitslosenquote; Österreich; Belgien; Dänemark; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Irland; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Italien; Luxemburg; Niederlande; Portugal; Spanien; Schweden; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1994; E 2006},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1997},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110908r14},

   Journal= {Regional Studies. Journal of the Regional Studies Association},
   Volume= {45},
   Number= {8},
   Author= {Roberto Ezcurra},
   Title= {Unemployment volatility and regional specialization in the European Union},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {1121-1137},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0034-3404},
   Abstract= {"In diesem Artikel wird die Beziehung zwischen der Volatilität der Arbeitslosigkeit und der sektoralen Zusammensetzung der Wirtschaftstätigkeit in den Regionen der Europäischen Union im Zeitraum von 1980 bis 2004 beschrieben. Zu diesem Zweck kommen verschiedene räumliche ökonometrische Techniken zum Einsatz, die eine Untersuchung der Rolle von räumlichen Effekten und geografischen Übertragungen in diesem Kontext ermöglichen. Aus den Ergebnissen geht hervor, dass die Volatilität der Arbeitslosigkeit in der Europäischen Union in einer positiven Beziehung zur regionalen Spezialisierung steht. Dieses Ergebnis hängt nicht davon ab, ob bei der Analyse absolute oder relative Maßstäbe der Spezialisierung eingesetzt werden." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"This paper examines the link between unemployment volatility and the sectoral composition of economic activity in the regions of the European Union over the period 1980 - 2004. To that end, different spatial econometric techniques are used that allow the investigation of the role played in this context by spatial effects and geographical spillovers. The results show that unemployment volatility is positively related to regional specialization in the European Union. This finding does not depend on the use in the analysis of absolute or relative specialization measures." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitslosigkeitsentwicklung; Wirtschaftsstruktur; regionale Faktoren; Industriestruktur; regionaler Vergleich; Arbeitslosenquote; regionaler Arbeitsmarkt; Europäische Union; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1980; E 2004},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: E32; R11; R12},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1069},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110822n21},

   Journal= {Economics Letters},
   Volume= {112},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Zohal Hessami},
   Title= {Globalization's winners and losers : evidence from life satisfaction data, 1975 - 2001},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {250-253},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0165-1765},
   Abstract= {"Using data for the EU-15 countries from 1975 to 2001, we find that globalization has especially increased the subjective well-being of high-skilled workers, right-wing voters, high-income earners, and of respondents that trust the WTO, the World Bank, and the IMF." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Globalisierung; Lebenssituation; Zufriedenheit; Bevölkerung; demografische Faktoren; Bildungsniveau; Bildungsabschluss; politische Einstellungen; Einkommenshöhe; Vertrauen; WTO; Weltbank; IMF; Europäische Union; Belgien; Dänemark; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Großbritannien; Irland; Italien; Luxemburg; Niederlande; Österreich; Portugal; Schweden; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1975; E 2001},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: F15; F16; I31},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1292},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110830n12},

   Journal= {Demographic Research},
   Volume= {25},
   Number= {Art 14},
   Author= {Maria Iacovou and Alexandra J. Skew},
   Title= {Household composition across the new Europe : where do the new member states fit in?},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {465-490},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1435-9871},
   Abstract= {"In this paper we present indicators of household structure for 26 of the 27 countries of the post-enlargement European Union. As well as broad indicators of household type, we present statistics on single-person and extended-family households, and on the households of children and older people. Our main aim is to assess the extent to which household structure differs between the 'old' and 'new' Member States of the European Union. We find that most of the Eastern European countries may be thought of as lying on the same North-North-Western-Southern continuum defined for the 'old' EU Member States, and constituting an 'extreme form' of the Southern European model of living arrangements, which we term the 'Eastern' model. However, the Baltic states do not fit easily onto this continuum." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Familienstruktur - internationaler Vergleich; allein Stehende; allein Erziehende; Kinderzahl; ältere Menschen; Altersstruktur; Familiengröße; Familienstand; Ehepaare; nichteheliche Lebensgemeinschaft; Mehrgenerationenfamilie; Kinder; Lebenssituation; Europäische Union; Belgien; Bulgarien; Dänemark; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Estland; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Irland; Italien; Lettland; Litauen; Luxemburg; Niederlande; Österreich; Polen; Portugal; Rumänien; Schweden; Slowakei; Slowenien; Spanien; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Großbritannien; Zypern; Osteuropa; Westeuropa; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2008; E 2008},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1997},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110908r09},

   Journal= {Socio-Economic Review},
   Volume= {8},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {J. Timo Weishaupt},
   Title= {A silent revolution? New management ideas and the reinvention of European public employment services},
   Year= {2010},
   Pages= {461-486},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1475-1461},
   Abstract= {"Labour-market policy regimes are in flux, not only because of the introduction of activation policies but also because of changes in the governance of public employment services (PESs). This paper argues that PESs have been fundamentally transformed due to the 'discovery' of New Public Management ideas. In the European context, these ideas first emerged in the UK and Sweden, were subsequently diffused through the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the European Union and then internalized by critical epistemic communities, including the network of the heads of PESs and the World Association of PESs. Through the acceptance, diffusion and internalization of these new management ideas, common governance practices, including performance, quality and case management, have been widely adopted in Europe. Policy-makers have failed, however, to agree on a 'best-practice' model with respect to the local organization of labour-market policy delivery. Consequently, no hegemonic idea was established, and significant national differences continue to persist." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitsmarktpolitik; aktivierende Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Governance; politischer Wandel; Arbeitsverwaltung; Managementmethode; Case Management; Modernisierung; Wohlfahrtsstaat; institutionelle Faktoren; europäische Integration; organisatorischer Wandel; Aktivierung; Arbeitslose; management by objectives; Qualitätsmanagement; Wirkungsforschung; Reformpolitik; Europäische Union; OECD; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2006; E 2009},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 240},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110824n02},


   Journal= {{\"O}sterreichisches Institut f{\"u}r Wirtschaftsforschung. Monatsberichte},
   Volume= {84},
   Number= {8},
   Author= {Eva R{\"u}ckert},
   Title= {Besch{\"a}ftigungssituation und Armutsrisiko von Personen mit Einschr{\"a}nkungen und Behinderung in {\"O}sterreich und der EU},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {545-556},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0029-9898},
   Abstract= {"Personen mit Einschränkungen und Behinderung sind in der EU nicht gleichermaßen in das Erwerbsleben integriert wie Personen ohne Behinderung; die Beschäftigungsquote aller Personen mit Einschränkungen und Behinderung lag laut EU-SILC 2009 im EU-Durchschnitt bei 45,5%, die der Nichtbehinderten hingegen bei 69,4%. Insbesondere ältere behinderte Personen und behinderte Frauen weisen eine sehr niedrige Beschäftigungsquote auf. In den einzelnen Ländern haben erwerbstätige behinderte Personen durchwegs ein geringeres Armutsrisiko als jene, die nicht erwerbstätig sind. Das unterdurchschnittliche Bildungsniveau eingeschränkter und behinderter Personen bildet eine mögliche Hürde für die Integration dieses Personenkreises in die Erwerbstätigkeit." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"In the EU persons with health limitations and disabilities are not integrated equally into working life relative to persons without limitations and disabilities. According to the EU-SILC 2009 persons with health limitations and disabilities have an employment rate of 45.5 percent as an EU average, and 52.8 percent in Austria, compared to 69.4 percent for the non-limited and non-disabled as an EU average and 73.0 percent in Austria. Among severely limited persons the employment rate is considerably lower than that of individuals with less extensive health limitations. In particular older disabled persons and disabled women have very low employment rates. Persons with limitations and disabilities are more likely to be at risk of poverty than persons without health limitations. Across EU countries the employed disabled are less at risk of poverty than the non-employed disabled. The gap between at-risk-of-poverty rates is caused by deviations in the national employment rates, intensity of work (proportion of full- to part-time work), income from work, returns on wealth, pensions and social benefit payments. The lower than average level of education among the disabled could be an obstacle for their integration in the working life." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Behinderte; Erwerbsquote - internationaler Vergleich; Erwerbsbeteiligung; Armut - Risiko; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Frauen; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Erwerbstätigkeit; Bildungsniveau; Europäische Union; Belgien; Bulgarien; Dänemark; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Estland; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Irland; Italien; Lettland; Litauen; Luxemburg; Malta; Niederlande; Österreich; Polen; Portugal; Rumänien; Schweden; Slowakei; Slowenien; Spanien; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Großbritannien; Zypern; },
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 280},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110831n04},


   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit, Bonn (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Francesco Bogliacino and Mariacristina Piva and Marco Vivarelli},
   Title= {R&D and employment : some evidence from European microdata},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {28},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA discussion paper},
   Number= {5908},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"After discussing theory regarding the consequences of technological change on employment and surveying previous microeconometric literature, our aim with this paper is to test the possible job creation effect of business R&D expenditures, using a unique longitudinal database covering 677 European manufacturing and service firms over the period 1990- 2008. The main outcome from the whole sample dynamic LSDVC (Least Squared Dummy Variable Corrected) estimate is the labour-friendly nature of companies' R&D, the coefficient of which turns out to be statistically significant, although not very large in magnitude. However, the positive and significant impact of R&D expenditures on employment is detectable in services and high-tech manufacturing but absent in the more traditional manufacturing sectors. This means that we should not expect positive employment effects from increasing R&D in the majority of industrial sectors. This is something that should be borne in mind by European innovation policy makers having employment as one of their specific aims." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Forschung und Entwicklung; Beschäftigungseffekte - internationaler Vergleich; technischer Wandel; Forschungsaufwand; zusätzliche Arbeitsplätze; produzierendes Gewerbe; Dienstleistungsbereich; Hochtechnologie; Innovationspolitik; Europäische Union; Belgien; Bulgarien; Dänemark; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Estland; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Irland; Italien; Lettland; Litauen; Luxemburg; Malta; Niederlande; Österreich; Polen; Portugal; Rumänien; Schweden; Slowakei; Slowenien; Spanien; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Großbritannien; Zypern; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1990; E 2008},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: O33},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110909r12},

   Institution={Deutsches Institut f{\"u}r Wirtschaftsforschung, Berlin (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Amelie F. Constant and Martin Kahanec and Klaus F. Zimmermann},
   Title= {Attitudes towards immigrants, other integration barriers, and their veracity},
   Year= {2008},
   Pages= {14},
   Address= {Berlin},
   Series= {DIW-Diskussionspapiere},
   Number= {812},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1433-0210; ISSN 1619-4535},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"The paper studies opinions and attitudes towards immigrants and minorities and their interactions with other barriers to minorities' economic integration. Specifically, we consider the minority experts' own perceptions about these issues, the veracities and repercussions of unfavorable attitudes of natives. Employing newly available data from the IZA Expert Opinion Survey 2007 we depict main trends in the integration situation of ethnic minorities in Europe in a comparative manner. Using a unique dataset, this innovative study is the first to gauge the perspectives of expert stakeholders and ethnic minorities on their integration situation and the main barriers that hinder it. Robust findings show that ethnic minorities: face integration problems; natives' general negative attitudes are a key factor of their challenging situation; discrimination is acknowledged as the single most important integration barrier; low education and self-confidence as well as cultural differences also hinder integration; minorities want change and that it come about by policies based on the principle of equal treatment. Well designed integration policies that take the specific situation of the respective ethnic minority into account, are persistent and enforce anti-discrimination laws are desirable." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einwanderer; gesellschaftliche Einstellungen - internationaler Vergleich; öffentliche Meinung - internationaler Vergleich; Minderheiten; ethnische Gruppe; berufliche Integration - internationaler Vergleich; Stereotyp; Vorurteil; Ausländer; soziale Integration - internationaler Vergleich; Inländer; Diskriminierung; Ausländerfeindlichkeit; interkulturelle Faktoren; institutionelle Faktoren; soziale Faktoren; sozioökonomische Faktoren; Bildungsniveau; Sprachkenntnisse; Europäische Union; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2007; E 2007;},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J15; J71; J78},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k080827n23},

   Institution={European Central Bank (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Frigyes Ferdinand Heinz and Desislava Rusinova},
   Title= {How flexible are real wages in EU countries? : a panel investigation},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {32},
   Address= {Frankfurt, M.},
   Series= {European Central Bank. Working paper series},
   Number= {1360},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1725-2806},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"In this paper we estimate the degree of real wage flexibility in 19 EU countries1 in a wage Phillips curve panel framework. We find evidence for a reaction of wage growth to unemployment and productivity growth. However, due to unemployment persistence, over time the real wage response weakens substantially. Our results suggest that the degree of real wage flexibility tends to be larger in the central and eastern European (CEE) countries than in the euro area; weaker in downturns than during upswings. Moreover, there exists an inflation threshold, below which real wage flexibility seems to decrease. Finally, we find that part of the heterogeneity in real wage flexibility and unemployment might be related to differences in the wage bargaining institutions and more specifically the extent of labour market regulation in different country groups within the EU." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Reallohn; Lohnflexibilität - internationaler Vergleich; institutionelle Faktoren; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Inflation; Tarifverhandlungen; Konjunkturabhängigkeit; Osteuropa; Westeuropa; Eurozone; Tschechische Republik; Bulgarien; Estland; Ungarn; Lettland; Litauen; Rumänien; Polen; Slowakei; Slowenien; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Frankreich; Spanien; Italien; Niederlande; Belgien; Österreich; Irland; Griechenland; Europäische Union; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1990; E 2010},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J31; J38; P5},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110915r03},

   Institution={Institute for Advanced Labour Studies, Amsterdam (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Kea Tijdens and Maarten van Klaveren},
   Title= {Over- and underqualifiction of migrant workers : evidence from WageIndicator survey data},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {47},
   Address= {Amsterdam},
   Series= {AIAS working paper},
   Number= {11/110},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"(...) This paper aims at unravelling the incidence of skill mismatch of domestic and migrant workers employed in 13 countries of the European Union, namely Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (...) Six hypothesis have been drafted for empirical testing. One hypothesis has been made for undereducation. This is assumed to be the case for workers with higher abilities, here defined as workers in supervisory positions. This paper builds on statistical analyses of the data of the large WageIndicator web-survey about work and wages, posted at all national WageIndicator websites and comparable across all countries. Using the pooled annual data of the years 2005-2010, we used 291,699 observations in the analysis. The large sample size allows a break-down of migrant groups according to country of birth in order to better capture the heterogeneity of migrants. Logit analyses have been used to estimate the likelihood of being overqualified compared to having a correct match or being underqualified. Similar estimations have been made for underqualification compared to having a correct match or being overqualified. (...) This study in part confirms the existing literature, in particular the job allocation frictions for the entire labour market. It expands existing empirical findings concerning the reasons why migrants are more likely to be overeducted." (Text excerpt, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Einwanderer; mismatch - internationaler Vergleich; Überqualifikation; Unterqualifikation; unterwertige Beschäftigung; Herkunftsland; ausländische Arbeitnehmer; Europäische Union; Belgien; Dänemark; Finnland; Frankreich; Italien; Niederlande; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Polen; Slowakei; Spanien; Schweden; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2005; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110908r18},

   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit, Bonn (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Mirco Tonin},
   Title= {Underreporting of earnings and the minimum wage spike},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {16},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA discussion paper},
   Number= {5942},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"This paper documents a positive correlation within European labour markets between the proportion of full-time employees with earnings on the minimum wage and the extent of underreporting of earnings in the economy. Using a simple model of a competitive labour market, I show how this correlation can emerge as a result of the common dependence of both quantities on the strength of enforcement of fiscal regulation. This suggests that a high spike in the wage distribution at the minimum wage level is, in some contexts, an issue of fiscal enforcement, more than a labour market issue." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Mindestlohn; Lohnkosten; Schattenwirtschaft; Schwarzarbeit - internationaler Vergleich; Arbeitnehmer; Steueraufkommen; Steuersystem; Kleinbetrieb; informeller Sektor; Steuerhinterziehung; Beschäftigungseffekte; Europäische Union; },
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J38; H26},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110913r14},


   Annote= {Sign.: 90-103.0190;},
   Author= {Riccardo Crescenzi and Andrés Rodríguez-Pose},
   Title= {Innovation and regional growth in the European Union},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {215},
   Address= {Berlin},
   Publisher= {Springer},
   Series= {Advances in spatial science},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-3-642-17760-6; ISSN 1430-9602},
   Abstract= {"This book investigates the EU's regional growth dynamics and, in particular, the reasons why peripheral and socio-economically disadvantaged areas have persistently failed to catch up with the rest of the Union. It shows that the capability of the knowledge-based growth model to deliver its expected benefits to these areas crucially depends on tackling a specific set of socio-institutional factors which prevents innovation from being effectively translated into economic growth. The book takes an eclectic approach to the territorial genesis of innovation and regional growth by combining different theoretical strands into one model of empirical analysis covering the whole EU-25. An in-depth comparative analysis with the United States is also included, providing significant insights into the distinctive features of the European process of innovation and its territorial determinants. The evidence produced in the book is extensively applied to the analysis of EU development policies." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Innovationsfähigkeit; Regionalentwicklung - internationaler Vergleich; Wirtschaftswachstum; Wissenswirtschaft; institutionelle Faktoren; regionale Faktoren; Standortfaktoren; Regionalpolitik; regionale Wirtschaftsförderung; sozioökonomische Faktoren; Infrastrukturpolitik; Peripherie; Ballungsraum; strukturschwache Räume; Wissenstransfer; Technologietransfer; Humankapital; Forschung und Entwicklung; Patente; Europäische Union; USA; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 90-103.0190},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110907303},

   Institution={Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Romain Duval and Jorgen Elmeskov},
   Title= {The effects of EMU on structural reforms in labour and product markets},
   Year= {2005},
   Pages= {36},
   Address= {Paris},
   Abstract= {"The paper deals with the marginal impact of EMU on the political economy of structural reform in product and, in particular, labour markets. In this regard, two caveats are in order. First, putting the main focus on labour markets is justified by some of the main obstacles to euro-area growth, employment and fiscal sustainability being related to labour-market policies. At a more mundane level, and relevant for the empirical part of the paper, more information is available for a wider range of policies over a longer period as concerns labour markets than is the case for most policies directly affecting product and financial markets. However, the focus on labour markets should not be taken to imply that reforms in other markets are unimportant. Second, despite the emphasis on the role of EMU, general arguments concerning the political economy of structural reform such as those advanced above are likely to remain more important than any marginal influence of EMU in terms of either facilitating or hindering structural reform. The paper proceeds by reviewing in Section 2 some of the arguments that have been advanced in the literature as to why EMU may affect the political economy of structural reform. Section 3 then reviews the scarce empirical evidence presented in the literature while Section 4 presents our own attempt to look at some descriptive evidence on labour-market reform in euro-area and non-euro-area economies. Section 5 proceeds to an econometric investigation of the impact that monetary policy autonomy may have on the propensity to undertake labour-market reform. Finally, Section 6 sums up the evidence and discusses some possible policy implications." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: europäisches Währungssystem; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; ; Europäische Union; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k050804a06},

   Annote= {Sign.: 90-202.1131;},
   Institution={Europ{\"a}ische Kommission (Hrsg.)},
   Title= {Employment in Europe 2009},
   Year= {2009},
   Pages= {196},
   Edition= {21st ed.},
   Address= {Br{\"u}ssel},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-92-13372-5; ISSN 1016-5444},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"The Commission's annual Employment in Europe report, the 21st in the series, comes against a backdrop this year of quite exceptional economic circumstances. Hot on the heels of last autumn's global financial crisis, the worst economic downturn Europe has seen since World War II has brought several years of relatively high economic growth and job creation to an abrupt halt and thrown far too many businesses, households and workers into serious difficulties. The European Union reacted swiftly to the financial and economic crisis, taking the steps necessary to prevent a meltdown of the financial markets and adopting a European Economic Recovery Plan. With Europe's labour markets already deeply affected by the challenges of globalisation, technological change, ageing societies and climate change, the ensuing employment crisis has heightened the need for policies to help people keep their jobs or get them back into employment quickly. The Union accordingly acted to stabilise labour markets, taking measures focused on maintaining existing employment and creating new jobs, improving workers' skills and matching labour-market demand and supply more closely. In these turbulent times, the Commission has placed special emphasis on the monitoring and analysis of short-term developments and policy action. At the beginning of this year it launched the monthly Labour Market Monitor, a new short-term monitoring tool that provides a useful guide for EU and Member State policymakers. The onset of the crisis should not mean, however, that the broader structural issues affecting the EU labour market can be neglected. On the contrary, the Commission must make sure that short-term policy measures are not at odds with long-term structural reforms, which in turn are a prerequisite for the EU economy and labour markets to emerge well prepared for future challenges from the current downturn. Bearing that challenge in mind, the 2009 Employment in Europe report takes a deeper look at two issues that are important for EU employment policy in the future: the dynamics of European labour markets and the implications of climate change for labour-market outcomes. A clearer understanding of labour-market dynamics is critical in a time of crisis, when prompt policy responses are crucial. Measures to get laid-off workers back into employment and to curb long-term unemployment are hugely important. Meanwhile, climate change and the inescapable need to shift to a competitive low-carbon economy have become priorities for urgent action. There is significant scope in Europe for creating new 'green' jobs and for 'greening' existing jobs in many sectors and professions. But if these opportunities are to be grasped, the right policies, based on a sound understanding of the key trends underlying efforts to respond to and mitigate the impact of climate change, must be put in place. Careful analysis being a key ingredient of good policymaking, I am confident that this year's Employment in Europe report will provide useful insights for the employment policy debate." (Text excerpt, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: internationale Wanderung - Auswirkungen; Arbeitsmarktentwicklung; Beschäftigungsentwicklung; Wirtschaftswachstum; Arbeitskräftemobilität; europäische Integration; Drittstaatsangehörige; Arbeitsmigration; Migranten; Einwanderungspolitik; Einwanderungsland; europäische Sozialpolitik; Wanderungsstatistik; Arbeitsmarktchancen; Beschäftigungseffekte; berufliche Qualifikation; Bildungsniveau; Qualifikationsbedarf; Einwanderer; berufliche Integration - Determinanten; soziale Integration; EU-Osterweiterung; internationale Wanderung; Mobilitätsbereitschaft; ökonomische Faktoren; Arbeitsplatzqualität; Europäische Union; EU-Staat; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1997; E 2009},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 90-202.1131},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k091202304},

   Institution={European Commission, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs (Hrsg.)},
   Title= {Labour market developments in Europe, 2011},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {175},
   Address= {Br{\"u}ssel},
   Series= {European economy},
   Number= {02/2011},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-92-79-19271-5},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"This report analyses labour market developments in Europe during the initial phase of the recovery from the major recession that followed the financial crisis. Despite growth resumed in 2010 in most EU countries, employment lagged behind. The muted response of employment to growth was largely the result of a considerable rebound in hours worked. At the end of 2010, working hours per worker were back to pre-crisis levels in many EU Members States and headcount employment started growing again, albeit timidly, and mostly for workers with temporary and part-time contracts.
In most EU countries, unemployment rates remained at the high levels reached since 2009, in a context of very resilient participation rates. Youth unemployment has reached record highs. Unemployment disparities within the EU and the euro area have grown markedly, and the most recent trends and projections indicate the divergence in unemployment rates are likely to persist and possibly aggravate in the coming years. Unemployment duration has increased as a result of persistently low job creation and matching in the labour market has worsened. Wage moderation has prevailed during the recovery, with a reduction in the growth of nominal wages compared with previous years, and with real wages growing below productivity. The considerable surge in labour productivity was coupled with falling unit labour costs in most EU countries.
Looking forward, avoiding unemployment becoming entrenched, keeping activity rates high, fighting precariousness and job insecurity appear as major challenges. The report includes analytical focuses on issues of relevance in the current context: reform priorities for unemployment benefit systems; wages, competitiveness and macroeconomic imbalances." (Text excerpt, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitsmarktentwicklung - internationaler Vergleich; Beschäftigungsentwicklung; Erwerbsquote; Arbeitslosenquote; Arbeitslosigkeitsentwicklung; Lohnentwicklung; Arbeitskosten; matching; Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit; Arbeitszeitentwicklung; job turnover; Arbeitslosenversicherung - internationaler Vergleich; Arbeitslosenunterstützung; Reformpolitik; Wirtschaftskrise; Konjunkturaufschwung; Tarifverhandlungen; Lohnpolitik; Europäische Union; Belgien; Bulgarien; Dänemark; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Estland; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Irland; Italien; Lettland; Litauen; Luxemburg; Malta; Niederlande; Österreich; Polen; Portugal; Rumänien; Schweden; Slowakei; Slowenien; Spanien; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Großbritannien; Zypern; Eurozone; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2008; E 2011},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110916r01},

   Annote= {Sign.: 40.0219;},
   Editor= {Peter Herrmann and Sibel Kalaycioglu},
   Title= {Precarity - more than a challenge of social security or: cynicism of EU's concept of economic freedom},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {187},
   Address= {Bremen},
   Publisher= {Europ{\"a}ischer Hochschulverlag},
   Series= {Studien zu vergleichender Sozialp{\"a}dagogik und internationaler Sozialarbeit und Sozialpolitik},
   Number= {16; Studies in comparative social pedagogies and international social work and social policy * 16},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-3-86741-705-1},
   Abstract= {"The book gathers edited contributions from a conference which had been held end of 2010 in Ankara, Turkey. This event brought together scientists and trade unionists from several EU- and non EU-countries, exploring one of the major, though frequently underestimated challenges of societal integrity. This continuing debate of the experts of the European S.U.P.I.-Network focussed in particular on the more fundamental issues of precarity. As much as precarity is a matter of socio-individual concern, having severe repercussions on the life of an increasing number of people, it is moreover a development that fundamentally challenges. It questions many of the values claimed by enlightenment and capitalist revolutions as universal, including solidarity, mutual support and equality - though they are formally still claimed as valid; and moreover these developments are part of structural changes that easily fissure the contemporary mode of production. Does this mean the end of society? Or could it be a take-off for another renaissance?" (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
Peter Herrmann, Sibel Kalaycioglu: Precarity - Fundemantal system chance of only a new form of poverty - an introduction (3-15);
Peter Herrmann: Precarity and Precarisation in the light of EU-Integration (16-48);
Marco Ricceri: Europe and social precarity - proactive elements for system interventions (49-74);
Klaus Mehrens: Precarious work in the EU - what can trade Unions do? (75-82);
Pietro Merli Brandini: Globalisation and solidarity - regulatory reform for a more balanced system adjustment (83-101);
Alexander Sieg: Theoretical thoughts for psychological interventions in precarious working and living conditions (102-111);
Sabine Kergel, Rolf Dieter Hepp: Ways of precarisation (112-130);
Sibel Kalaycioglu, Kezban Celik: Gender dimensions of precarity in Turkey (131-146);
David Kergel: Integration or inclusion - towards an alternative 'European Gaze' on the Roma (147-159);
Viacheslav Bobkov: Ekaterina Chernykh, Ulvi T. Aliev: Precarity in Russia and labour and employment markets transformation (160-180).},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Prekariat; soziale Sicherheit; Sozialpolitik; soziale Ungleichheit; soziale Ausgrenzung; Armut; europäische Sozialpolitik; europäische Integration; Gewerkschaftspolitik; atypische Beschäftigung; Globalisierung; Solidarität; soziale Integration; Sinti und Roma; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Inklusion; Europäische Union; Türkei; Russland; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 40.0219},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110720806},

   Annote= {Sign.: 90-111.0409;},
   Editor= {Herwig Immervoll and Andreas Peichl and Konstantinos Tatsiramos},
   Title= {Who loses in the downturn? : economic crisis, employment and income distribution},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {286},
   Address= {Bingley},
   Publisher= {Emerald},
   Series= {Research in Labor Economics},
   Number= {32},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-0-85724-749-0; ISSN 0147-9121},
   Abstract= {"Economic events such as the recent global economic crisis can have substantial effects on the distribution of resources at the individual and household levels. Identification of appropriate and timely policy responses that support vulnerable groups is hampered by how little is known about the likely patterns of losses early on during the downturn. This volume contains fresh knowledge on the effects of the economic downturn on employment and income distribution. It contains nine original research papers from both Europe and the United States, including illustrations of forward-looking simulation methods that can be used before detailed data on actual household experiences become available. These papers offer new insights into issues such as how wages, employment and incomes are affected by the crisis, which demographic groups are most vulnerable in the recession, how well the welfare system protects the newly unemployed and how consumption and income poverty change over the business cycle." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en)) Contents:
Timothy M. Smeeding, Jeffrey P. Thompson: Recent Trends in Income Inequality (1-50);
Bruce D. Meyer, James X. Sullivan: Consumption and Income Poverty Over the Business Cycle (51-82);
Richard Berthoud, Lina Cardona Sosa: Patterns of Employment Disadvantage in a Recession (83-113);
Eva Sierminska, Yelena Takhtamanova: Job Flows, Demographics, and the Great Recession (115-154);
Francesco D'Amuri: The Impact of the Great Recession on the Italian Labour Market (155-180);
Lutz Bellmann, Hans-Dieter Gerner: Reversed Roles? Wage and Employment Effects of the Current Crisis (181-206);
Tim Callan, Brian Nolan, John Walsh: The Economic Crisis, Public Sector Pay and the Income Distribution (207-225);
Mathias Dolls, Clemens Fuest, Andreas Peichl: Automatic Stabilizers, Economic Crisis and Income Distribution in Europe (227-255);
Francesco Figari, Andrea Salvatori, Holly Sutherland: Economic Downturn and Stress Testing European Welfare Systems (257-286).},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Rezession - Auswirkungen; Einkommenseffekte - internationaler Vergleich; Einkommensverteilung; Beschäftigungseffekte - internationaler Vergleich; Wirtschaftskrise; Armut; soziale Ungleichheit; Arbeitsmarktkrise - internationaler Vergleich; Arbeitslosigkeitsentwicklung; Kaufkraft; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Sozialpolitik; USA; Großbritannien; Italien; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Irland; Europäische Union; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 90-111.0409},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110601301},

   Annote= {Sign.: 90-110.0496;},
   Author= {Richard M{\"u}nch},
   Title= {Offene R{\"a}ume : soziale Integration diesseits und jenseits des Nationalstaats},
   Year= {2001},
   Pages= {319},
   Address= {Frankfurt am Main},
   Series= {Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft},
   Number= {1515},
   ISBN= {ISBN 3-518-29115-7},
   Abstract= {"Die Öffnung der Märkte im Prozess der Globalisierung führt zu einem grundlegenden Strukturwandel von Solidarität und Gerechtigkeit. Die Solidarität überwindet die Grenzen des nationalen Wohlfahrtsstaats. Sie dehnt ihre Reichweite aus und differenziert sich zugleich nach innen in ein vielschichtiges Netzwerk individueller Beziehungen. Eine realitätsgerechte Strategie der sozialen Integration in offenen Räumen muss diesem Strukturwandel jenseits neoliberaler und sozialdemokratischer Illusionen Rechnung tragen. Die in diesem Band versammelten Studien arbeiten diesen Strukturwandel und die daraus zu folgernden Anleitungen für die soziale Integration in offenen Räumen in ihren unterschiedlichen Facetten heraus." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: soziale Integration; Nationalstaat; Globalisierung; soziale Gerechtigkeit - Strukturwandel; Solidarität - Strukturwandel; internationale Arbeitsteilung; Weber, Max; Durkheim, Emile; Zivilgesellschaft; europäische Integration; Soziologie - Theorie; Freihandel; internationaler Wettbewerb; internationale Zusammenarbeit; internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen; Inklusion; Wohlfahrtsstaat; Wertwandel; soziale Werte; multinationale Unternehmen; soziale Mindeststandards; Weltmarkt; Welthandel; Neoliberalismus; europäische Sozialpolitik; institutionelle Faktoren; Arbeitsrecht; Sozialrecht; Welt; },
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 90-110.0496},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110830301},

   Annote= {Sign.: 90-205.0819;},
   Institution={Ramboll Management, Aarhus (Hrsg.)},
   Title= {Early identification of high risk unemployed : final report},
   Year= {2001},
   Pages= {108},
   Address= {Aarhus},
   Abstract= {The objective of this study is to assess the feasibility of early identification and identify particularly cost effective approaches by investigating how various Member States and other countries approach the challenge of identifying potential long-term unemployed.
In particular, the study will:
- Assess the availability of reliable methods for early identification already put in place and the feasibility to improve and develop these methods;
- Assess the degree to which the judgement of PES stall can be supplemented with econometric methods;
- ldentify main obstacles and problems associated with early identification;
- Identify particularly cost-effective existing practices;
- Assess the transferability of these practices.
In order to address these issues, the present study has drawn an a literature review, an EU wide survey of existing practices, and a case study of how six individual EU Member States approach the task of early identification of high risk unemployed.
The report is structured as follows:
Chapter 2: discusses the origin and the concept of early identification, and presents the basic definitions applied in the study
Chapter 3: gives an analytical introduction to the issues involved in assessing the costeffectiveness of early identification of high risk unemployed
Chapter 4: identifies the different approaches to early identification and discusses the main advantages and disadvantages of each approach.
Chapter 5: presents the current availability of reliable methods of early identification in EU Member States and in other selected countries - the United States, Canada and Australia.
Chapter 6: discusses the prerequisites, obstacies and challenges associated with the various methods of early identification and considers the issue of transferability, i.e. the extent to which good practice methods can be transferred to other Member States.
Appendix A: presents the primary and secondary literature identified for this study.
Appendix B: includes a more detailed description of the methodology of the study and describes the content and purpose of the main data collection activities.
In Annex report I: the results of the case study and a series of Brief country profiles for those countries not covered as individual cases are presented.
In Annex report II the aggregate results of our EU wide survey is presented. The Annex furthermore contains the questionnaires used in connection with the explorative interviews, the EU wide survey and the case studies.},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitslose; Langzeitarbeitslose; Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit; Arbeitslosigkeit; Risikoabschätzung; Beratungskonzept; Ökonometrie - Modell; Früherkennung; Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse; aktivierende Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Europäische Union; Belgien; Dänemark; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Großbritannien; Irland; Italien; Luxemburg; Niederlande; Österreich; Portugal; Schweden; Australien; Kanada; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2000; E 2001},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 90-205.0819},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110819303},

   Institution={Europ{\"a}ische Kommission, Statistisches Amt (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Lucilla Scarnicchia},
   Title= {Residence permits issued to non-EU citizens in 2009 : for family reunification, employment and education},
   Year= {2011},
   Pages= {8},
   Address= {Luxemburg},
   Series= {Statistics in focus},
   Number= {43/2011},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1977-0324},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"In 2009, EU Member States issued about 2.3 million new residence permits to third country nationals, i.e. to non-EU citizens, a number that represents a decline of about 0.2 million compared with 2008. About 660 000 new permits, that is 28.2 % of the EU total, were granted for reasons related to family, 646 000 (27.6 %) for employment and 510 000 (21.8%) for education purposes. Compared with 2008, the number of new permits issued for employment (which was the main reason in 2008) fell by 142 000. Also the number of permits issued for family reasons fell between 2008 and 2009, but to a lesser extent (-26 000), while permits for education increased by 53 000. The EU Member State that granted the largest number of permits was the UK (671 000), followed by Italy (507 000), Spain (291 000) and France (193 000). Compared to the size of the resident population, however, the highest relative number of permits was issued by Cyprus (32.0 permits for every 1000 residents). At EU level, the groups of third country nationals who received the most authorisations to reside in EU Member States were Indians (191 000), followed by US citizens (175 000), Chinese (171 000) and Moroccans (158 000). The highest number of permits for family reasons was granted to Moroccans (78 000), while the highest number of permits related to education was granted to Chinese (73 000) and the highest number of permits for employment purposes to Indians (65 000)." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Drittstaatsangehörige; Ausländer; Aufenthaltserlaubnis - internationaler Vergleich; Familiennachzug; Bildungswanderung; Arbeitsmigration; Herkunftsland; Europäische Union; Belgien; Bulgarien; Dänemark; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Estland; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Irland; Italien; Lettland; Litauen; Luxemburg; Malta; Niederlande; Österreich; Polen; Portugal; Rumänien; Schweden; Slowakei; Slowenien; Spanien; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Großbritannien; Zypern; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2008; E 2009},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 988},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k110902t01},

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