Suchprofil: Ältere_im_Betrieb
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 01/19



   Journal= {International journal of social welfare},
   Number= {online first},
   Author= {Christopher Buss},
   Title= {Public opinion towards workfare policies in Europe : polarisation of attitudes in times of austerity?},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {11},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1369-6866},
   Abstract= {"Increasing wage inequality, strong labour market divides and welfare retrenchment are widely believed to result in more polarised public opinion towards the welfare state. The present study examined if attitudes towards workfare policies have become more polarised in Europe over recent decades. To achieve this aim, the study analysed public opinion data from the European Value Study (EVS) from 23 European countries in the years 1990 - 2008, using multi-level regression analysis. It is found that individuals who are most affected by workfare - the unemployed, the poor and the young - most strongly oppose workfare concepts. Against expectations, there was no evidence of an increasing polarisation of attitudes in Europe. Attitudinal cleavages based on employment status, income and education have remained stable. Differences between age groups have even dissolved because younger cohorts increasingly favour strict workfare policies. The results suggest that warnings of increasing social conflicts and an erosion of solidarity in European societies are exaggerated" (Author's abstract, Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Workfare; öffentliche Meinung - internationaler Vergleich; aktivierende Arbeitsmarktpolitik; aktivierende Sozialpolitik; politische Einstellungen; Arbeitslose; Geringverdiener; junge Erwachsene; sozioökonomische Faktoren; altersspezifische Faktoren; Europa; Bulgarien; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Polen; Rumänien; Slowakei; Slowenien; Ostdeutschland; Estland; Lettland; Litauen; Österreich; Belgien; Frankreich; Niederlande; Westdeutschland; Portugal; Spanien; Italien; Dänemark; Schweden; Finnland; Großbritannien; Irland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1990; E 2008},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 2073},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190109v19},

   Journal= {Industrial relations},
   Volume= {58},
   Number= {1},
   Author= {Robert Dur and Max van Lent},
   Title= {Socially useless jobs},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {3-16},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0019-8676},
   Abstract= {"Recent research suggests that many workers in modern economies think that their job is socially useless, i.e., that it makes no or a negative contribution to society. However, the evidence so far is mainly anecdotal. We use a representative dataset comprising 100,000 workers from forty-seven countries at four points in time. We find that approximately 8 percent of workers perceive their job as socially useless, while another 17 percent are doubtful about the usefulness of their job. There are sizeable differences among countries, sectors, occupations, and age groups, but no trend over time. A vast majority of workers cares about holding a socially useful job and we find that they suffer when they consider their job useless. We also explore possible causes of socially useless jobs, including bad management, strict job protection legislation, harmful economic activities, labor hoarding, and division of labor." (Author's abstract, Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitsmotivation; Arbeitszufriedenheit; soziale Anerkennung; Wahrnehmung - internationaler Vergleich; altersspezifische Faktoren; qualifikationsspezifische Faktoren; sektorale Verteilung; abhängig Beschäftigte; Arbeitsplatzqualität; Welt; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1989; E 2015},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J2; J3; J4; J8; M5},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 090},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181213v11},

   Journal= {European journal of political economy},
   Volume= {55},
   Number= {December},
   Author= {Malte Ehrich and Abdul Munasib and Devesh Roy},
   Title= {The Hartz reforms and the German labor force},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {284-300},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0176-2680},
   Abstract= {"In this paper, we conduct a comparative case study to estimate the impact of the Hartz reforms on German labor market. We find that the reform did not have a robust causal impact on the overall unemployment rate, which supports some of the existing literature. Our main focus, however, is on labor force participation. Additionally, we disaggregate the labor force by gender and age groups to capture the differential impact of Hartz by worker type. We find that the Hartz reforms raise labor force participation (LFP) specifically among women and the relatively older workers in the workforce" (Textauszug, © 2018 Elsevier)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Hartz-Reform - Auswirkungen; Beschäftigungseffekte; Arbeitslosenquote; Erwerbsbeteiligung; Erwerbsquote; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; altersspezifische Faktoren; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Frauen; Arbeitskräfteangebot; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1991; E 2013},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 113},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181221v09},

   Journal= {Economic and Industrial Democracy},
   Number= {online first},
   Author= {Benjamin Faigen and Niels Mygind and Throstur Olaf Sigurjonsson and Audur Arna Arnardottir},
   Title= {Three dimensions of employees acquiring shares in their firms : personal characteristics, motives and type of ownership},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {29},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0143-831X},
   Abstract= {"This study is based on a survey and interviews in six Icelandic firms in which share purchases by employees have transpired. The focus is on employees' characteristics and motives in becoming shareowners as well as the reasons for non-participation. The article's contribution is to add to the theory and empirical evidence regarding the individual-level antecedents to employee ownership across both majority and minority variants. The results reveal that income, tenure and age influence ownership status. There is some support for expectations that employees place greater emphasis on stakeholder goals and collective goals in majority employee-owned firms and on financial goals in minority employee-owned firms. Employees were hindered from becoming owners due to a lack of funds or internal exclusionary barriers." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: abhängig Beschäftigte; Kapitalbeteiligung - Determinanten; Persönlichkeitsmerkmale; Unternehmensform; altersspezifische Faktoren; Einkommenshöhe; Beschäftigungsdauer; Betriebstreue; Unternehmensziel; Arbeitnehmergesellschaft; institutionelle Faktoren; Island; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2014; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 393},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181207v21},

   Journal= {Monthly labor review},
   Volume= {142},
   Number= {January},
   Author= {Maury Gittleman},
   Title= {Declining labor turnover in the United States : evidence and implications from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics},
   Year= {2019},
   Pages= {19},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1937-4658},
   Abstract= {"A growing body of literature points to a decline in employment dynamics in the United States. While aspects of this phenomenon have been documented, its causes remain murky. I examine job-to-job transitions using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a dataset that allows users to classify transitions as voluntary or involuntary. This distinction is important for identifying causes of the decline in transitions and for assessing the benefits and costs of changes in labor market fluidity. Using this data, I find that the aging of the workforce is responsible for nearly three-fifths of the measured decline in job-to-job transition rates." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: labour turnover - Entwicklung; Arbeitskräftemobilität; zwischenbetriebliche Mobilität; Arbeitsplatzwechsel; Freiwilligkeit; altersspezifische Faktoren; demografische Faktoren; Entlassungen; Arbeitgeberkündigung; Arbeitnehmerkündigung; Betriebsstilllegung; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1988; E 2013},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 136},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190115v03},

   Journal= {Ageing and society},
   Number= {online first},
   Author= {Clary Krekula},
   Title= {Time, precarisation and age normality: On internal job mobility among men in manual work},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {18},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0144-686X},
   Abstract= {"This article explores the conditions for extended working life from an organising perspective. Based on the idea that temporality makes up a fundamental organising dimension, it discusses conceptions of internal job mobility, and if and when employees are expected to relocate to a different unit at work. The material consists of interviews with 11 men between the ages of 56 and 74, working in manual and managerial capacities at a foundry of a Swedish branch of a large international steel company. The results show that internal work mobility is regulated by normative assumptions of mobility in terms of on- and off-time. This socio-temporal order constructs younger age groups as the age normality while designating the older employees' transitions as a normative breach. It is also shown that the temporal order constitutes a disciplining element steering employees from an early stage to plan for limitations that may arise as a result of ageism and/or physical changes. The result confirms that transition to less-physically demanding tasks is a prerequisite for continuing working in a physically demanding job. These transitions are not, however, included in the socio-temporal order of the company, but are presented as the older employees' individual problem. All together, these results show the need to introduce organisational practices and corporate strategies in the debate on extended working life." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: manuelle Arbeit; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Lebensalter; Arbeitsorganisation; Arbeitsbedingungen; altersadäquate Arbeitsplätze; altersspezifische Faktoren; interner Arbeitsmarkt; Normalität; Arbeitsbeziehungen; beruflicher Status; betrieblicher Status; berufliche Mobilität; innerbetriebliche Mobilität; Arbeitsmarktrisiko; Individualisierung; Prekariat; prekäre Beschäftigung; Metallindustrie; Schweden; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 2232},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181211v19},

   Journal= {Journal of Human Capital},
   Volume= {12},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Darren Lubotsky and Javaeria A. Qureshi},
   Title= {Assessing the smooth rise in mothers' employment as children age},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {604-639},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1932-8575},
   Abstract= {"We study the trajectory of maternal employment as children age and assess the factors underlying the smooth increase in mothers' employment as their youngest child ages. Our results indicate that the rising employment profile is largely not associated with falling child care costs, changes in nonlabor income, or marital dissolution as children age. Differences in educational attainment and wage opportunities are related to some of the increase in employment when children are under 4 years old but do not explain any after that age. We discuss explanations for the rising pattern of mothers' employment that might be consistent with our results." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Mütter; Beschäftigungsentwicklung; Lebenslauf; Berufsverlauf; Erwerbsverhalten; altersspezifische Faktoren; Kinder; Schulbesuch; qualifikationsspezifische Faktoren; Erwerbsquote; sozioökonomische Faktoren; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1970; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 2007},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190107v11},

   Journal= {Work, employment and society},
   Number= {online first},
   Author= {Elina Meliou and Oliver Mallett and Shoshanna Rosenberg},
   Title= {Being a self-employed older woman : from discrimination to activism},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {10},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0950-0170},
   Abstract= {"This article presents an autobiographical account of an older woman's lived experience of self-employment. Little is known about women who experience ongoing self-employment into their 50s and beyond. Shoshanna's personal narrative describes her experiences and the challenges she has faced as she reflects upon her attempts to grow and sustain her business and the implications of ageism and gender inequality in laying a claim to entrepreneurship. The narrative proceeds to reflect on her activist work, as it is constructed through the creation of a social enterprise to support older people. Shoshanna's narrative provides valuable insights into the intersection of age and gender in self-employment moving from discrimination to active support." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: ältere Arbeitnehmer; erwerbstätige Frauen; berufliche Selbständigkeit; Diskriminierung; sozialer Betrieb; Unternehmensgründung; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; altersspezifische Faktoren; Hochqualifizierte; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 917},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181207v18},

   Journal= {Feminist economics},
   Volume= {24},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Joanna Tyrowicz and Lucas van der Velde and Irene van Staveren},
   Title= {Does age exacerbate the gender-wage gap? : new method and evidence from Germany, 1984-2014},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {108-130},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1354-5701; ISSN 1466-4372},
   Abstract= {"Given theoretical premises, the gender-wage gap adjusted for individual characteristics is likely to vary according to age. This study adapts John DiNardo, Nicole M. Fortin, and Thomas Lemieux's (1996) semi-parametric technique to disentangle year, cohort, and age effects in adjusted gender-wage gaps. The study relies on a long panel of data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) covering 1984-2015. The results indicate that, in Germany, the gender-wage gap increases over a birth cohort's lifetime, including in the post-reproductive age for some birth cohorts. The results suggest that age and gender are overlapping handicaps in the labor market and call for a policy intervention." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; altersspezifische Faktoren; Lebenslauf; Lohnentwicklung; Berufsverlauf; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Lohndiskriminierung; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1984; E 2015},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J31; J71},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 1259},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181217v23},

   Journal= {Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Gerontologie und Geriatrie},
   Volume= {51},
   Number= {8},
   Author= {Maja Wiest and Madlain Hoffmann and Sarah Widany and Katrin Kaufmann},
   Title= {Trends in non-formaler Bildungsbeteiligung in der zweiten Lebensh{\"a}lfte : steigende Bildungsbeteiligung im Ruhestand},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {895-900},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1435-1269},
   Abstract= {"Hintergrund:
Im Fokus bisheriger Untersuchungen zu nonformaler Bildungsbeteiligung stehen häufig ungleiche Zugangschancen von Erwerbstätigen. Obwohl ältere Erwerbstätige immer noch seltener an beruflicher Weiterbildung teilnehmen, zeigt sich ein positiver Trend zu mehr Bildungsbeteiligung dieser Gruppe. Ob die nonformale Bildungsbeteiligung von älteren Personen über die Erwerbsphase hinaus zugenommen hat, ist jedoch unzureichend untersucht.
Es werden Trends in nonformaler Bildungsbeteiligung unter der Annahme gesellschaftlicher Veränderungsprozesse untersucht. Ziel ist es, die Gelegenheitsstrukturen Erwerbstätigkeit und Ruhestand in ihrer Bedeutung für Bildungsbeteiligung in der zweiten Lebenshälfte zu differenzieren.
Prädiktoren von Bildungsbeteiligung und deren Interaktionseffekte werden mithilfe von logistischen Regressionen analysiert. Es werden Querschnittsdaten des Deutschen Alterssurveys von 20.129 Personen im Alter von 40 bis 85 Jahren ausgewertet (T1: 1996 n = 4838; T2: 2002 n = 3084; T3: 2008 n = 6205; T4: 2014 n = 6002).
Nonformale Bildungsbeteiligung von Personen im Alter von 40 bis 85 Jahren wird von Bildungsabschluss, Alter, Geschlecht, Erwerbsstatus, Landesteil, sozialer Einbindung und subjektiver Gesundheit beeinflusst. Der Einfluss der untersuchten Gelegenheitsstrukturen auf Bildungsbeteiligung hat sich im Trend verändert: Während Erwerbstätigkeit als Prädiktor von Bildungsteilnahme gleich bedeutsam ist, hat die Bildungsbeteiligung von Personen im Ruhestand zugenommen.
Der Anstieg von Bildungsbeteiligung im Ruhestand über die Zeit wird vor dem Hintergrund gesellschaftlicher Veränderungsprozesse diskutiert, mit dem Ziel, theoretische und empirische Lücken der Erforschung von Bildungsbeteiligung in der zweiten Lebenshälfte zu identifizieren." (Autorenreferat, © Springer-Verlag)},
   Abstract= {"Background:
Research on nonformal education often focuses on participation within employment. Participation of workers decreases with age; however, recent studies show an increase in participation in nonformal education of older workers. It remains, however, unclear if this trend spills over to retirement.
In the context of social change processes, trends in nonformal educational participation are analyzed. The study addresses employment and retirement as opportunity structures and investigates their impact on educational participation in the second half of life.
Predictors of educational participation are modeled in logistic regression, including interaction effects. Analyses are based on cross-sectional data of the German Ageing Survey and covers 20,129 respondents aged 40 - 85 years (T1: 1996 n = 4838; T2: 2002 n = 3084; T3: 2008 n = 6205; T4: 2014 n = 6002).
Educational level, age, gender, employment status, region, social integration, and subjective health predict participation in nonformal education for people aged 40 to 85 years. Employment as an opportunity structure has a constant impact on participation, whereas retirees' participation increases over the course of time.
The increase of retirees' participation in nonformal education is discussed in the context of social change processes and connected to theoretical und empirical research gaps with regard to educational participation in the second half of life." (Author's abstract, © Springer-Verlag) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Bildungsbeteiligung; Rentner; informelles Lernen; ältere Menschen; Ruhestand; sozioökonomische Faktoren; altersspezifische Faktoren; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1996; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 253},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181211v07},

   Journal= {BJIR},
   Number= {online first},
   Author= {Serena Yu and David Peetz},
   Title= {Non-standard time wage premiums and employment effects : evidence from an Australian natural experiment},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {29},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0007-1080},
   Abstract= {"We examine the effect of increasing Sunday wage premiums on retail industry employment in Australia, exploiting a quasi-experimental policy change across two neighbouring states. Using both aggregate and individual-level data, we adopt a difference-in-difference regression framework to estimate the causal impact of the policy change on employment outcomes. We find no evidence of changes in the total number of employees, and no effect on hours per employee in the years following the policy implementation. However, there appeared to be a decline in hours per employee in the announcement year of the policy change. Overall, it appears that in an industry dominated by part-time and casual employment, any adjustment to the new Sunday wage rates occurred principally through flexibility in hours, rather than in the number of employees." (Author's abstract, Published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Sonntagsarbeit; Arbeitszeit; Arbeitszeitflexibilität; Wochenendarbeit; Lohnzulage; Beschäftigungseffekte; Verkäufer; regionale Disparität; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; altersspezifische Faktoren; Teilzeitarbeit; Vollzeitarbeit; individuelle Arbeitszeit; Australien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2001; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 071},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181217v37},


   Journal= {Raumforschung und Raumordnung},
   Volume= {76},
   Number= {6},
   Author= {Franziska Ganesch},
   Title= {Regional mobility and spatial inequality : determinants of spatial labor market behavior considering firm- and region-specific factors},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {497-514},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0034-0111},
   Abstract= {"Räumliche Disparitäten bestehen sowohl zwischen Staaten als auch innerhalb von Ländern. In der Bundesrepublik Deutschland finden sich in Folge der Wiedervereinigung immer noch erhebliche regionale Unterschiede hinsichtlich der ökonomischen Bedingungen. Diese regionalen Kontextbedingungen beeinflussen die individuellen Beschäftigungschancen und können ein Motiv für Wanderung sein. Ausgehend von rational-ökonomisch argumentierenden Ansätzen untersucht der Beitrag das räumliche Arbeitsmarktverhalten von sozialversicherungspflichtigen Vollzeitbeschäftigten unter Berücksichtigung von individuellen, betriebsspezifischen und regionalen Merkmalen. Betrachtet wird die Arbeitsortmobilität zwischen deutschen Großregionen Nord-, Süd- und Ostdeutschlands. Dazu wird auf einen integrierten Betriebs- und Personendatensatz (LIAB) des Instituts für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung zurückgegriffen, der um regionale Strukturindikatoren (INKAR) auf der Ebene der Raumordnungsregionen ergänzt wurde. Die Analysen mittels binärer logistischer Regressionsmodelle zeigen, dass die Arbeitsortmobilität zwischen Großregionen vor allem von den individuellen Charakteristika - dem Lebensalter und der beruflichen Qualifikation - abhängt. Bezüglich regionaler Faktoren zeigt sich, dass sich mit dem lokalen Arbeitslosigkeitsniveau die Abwanderungsneigung von jüngeren Beschäftigten erhöht. Insgesamt sprechen die Ergebnisse nicht für eine (einseitig gerichtete) Abwanderung von Fachkräften aus strukturschwachen Regionen. Dennoch sind altersselektive Abwanderungsmuster für diese Regionen problematisch. Der Verlust junger Beschäftigter schwächt potenzialarme Regionen unmittelbar und dauerhaft." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"Regional disparities exist between states as well as within countries. In the Federal Republic of Germany, as a result of reunification, there are still considerable regional differences in terms of economic conditions. Local economic and structural circumstances affect individual employment opportunities and can be a motive for migration. Based on rational-economic approaches, the article examines the spatial labor market behavior of full-time employees subject to social security contributions, taking into account individual, firm-specific and regional characteristics. Workplace mobility is analyzed as a job move between the macro regions of North, South and East Germany. For this purpose, a linked employer-employee dataset (LIAB) from the 'Institute for Employment Research' is used, supplemented by regional structural indicators (INKAR) at the level of the spatial planning regions. The analyses using binary logistic regression models show that transregional mobility especially depends on individual characteristics such as age and qualifications. Regarding regional features, it can be seen that the emigration tendency of younger employees increases with the local level of unemployment. Overall, the results do not indicate that there is a single-track brain drain from structurally weak regions. Nevertheless, these regions face a problem in age-specific migration patterns. The outflow of young workers weakens structurally poor areas directly and permanently." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: regionale Mobilität; regionaler Arbeitsmarkt; Arbeitsmigration; Mobilitätsbereitschaft - Determinanten; Binnenwanderung; Wanderungsmotivation; regionale Faktoren; soziale Faktoren; Arbeitsort; IAB-Linked-Employer-Employee-Datensatz; altersspezifische Faktoren; qualifikationsspezifische Faktoren; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Norddeutschland; Süddeutschland; Ostdeutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2000; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 270},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181207v10},

   Journal= {Der p{\"a}dagogische Blick},
   Volume= {26},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Angélique Gessler and Veronika Gruber},
   Title= {Einflussfaktoren auf die Weiterbildungsbeteiligung fr{\"u}hp{\"a}dagogischer Fachkr{\"a}fte : eine empirische Analyse},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {150-162},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0943-5484},
   Abstract= {"Berufsbezogene Weiterbildung ist im Bereich der Frühen Bildung vor dem Hintergrund des quantitativen Ausbaus der Kindertageseinrichtungen in den vergangenen Jahren, gestiegener Arbeitsanforderungen und einem wachsenden gesellschaftlich geforderten Professionalisierungsanspruch von zentraler Bedeutung. Dennoch liegen bisher nur wenige Forschungsergebnisse zum Weiterbildungsverhalten der frühpädagogischen Fachkräfte vor. Bisherige Studien zeigen zwar, dass frühpädagogische Fachkräfte - wie andere Personengruppen der Sozial- und Erziehungsberufe - eine hohe Weiterbildungsaffinität aufweisen. Die Einflussfaktoren der Teilnahme, die in der Weiterbildungsforschung insgesamt gut erforscht sind, sind für die Tätigen in der Frühen Bildung jedoch kaum analysiert. Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht daher in multivariaten Analysen, welche Merkmale der Person, des Arbeitsverhältnisses sowie der Kindertageseinrichtung erstens die Weiterbildungsteilnahme und zweitens deren Umfang beeinflussen." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"Given the rise in the number of day care centres [across Germany] over recent years, increased work demands and the growing social requirement for professionalization, taking part in continuing education courses is of central importance for professionals working in the field of early childhood education. Until now, however, there has been little research into the behaviour of early childhood education professionals as far as their participation in continuing education courses is concerned. Studies conducted so far have shown that early childhood education professionals, like other professionals working in the social and educational sectors, are by and large keen to take part in continuing education courses. However, while research into professional development has analysed the factors influencing the behaviour of professionals in general, few such analyses have so far been carried out for the field of early education in particular. This article therefore uses multivariate analyses to explore whether and to what extent the characteristics of individual people, of their employment relationship and of the day care centre where they work influence their decisions to take part in continuing education courses." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Frühpädagogik; Weiterbildungsbeteiligung - Determinanten; Erzieher; Weiterbildungsbereitschaft; Kindertagesstätte; Persönlichkeitsmerkmale; Beschäftigungsform; Stellung im Beruf; altersspezifische Faktoren; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2016; E 2016},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 926},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190116v04},


   Journal= {Verwaltung & Management},
   Volume= {24},
   Number= {6},
   Author= {Stephan L{\"o}bel and Tino Schuppan and Christina Dozenko},
   Title= {Ein Blick in die Praxis: Akzeptanz der eAkte im Bereich SGB II},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {299-306},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0947-9856},
   Abstract= {"Im Artikel werden Erkenntnisse zur Akzeptanz und Wirkung der eAkte im Rechtskreis SGB II vorgestellt. Im Rahmen der Untersuchung der Hochschule der Bundesagentur für Arbeit Schwerin wurde im Dezember 2017 eine repräsentative quantitative (freiwillige) Befragung der Mitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeiter in 96 Jobcentern mit eingeführter eAkte durchgeführt." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Grundsicherung nach SGB II; EDV-Anwendung; Technikakzeptanz; Jobcenter; Case Management - Effizienz; technischer Wandel - Auswirkungen; Arbeitsprozess; Informationssystem; Datenaustausch; altersspezifische Faktoren; Informationsrückgewinnung; informelle Kommunikation; Arbeitsorganisation; Arbeitsbelastung; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2017; E 2017},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 1273},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k190111304},


   Institution={Hans-B{\"o}ckler-Stiftung (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Wolfgang Hien},
   Title= {Kellnern - das schafft keiner bis 67 : eine Fallstudie zu chronischen Belastungen und Erkrankungen im Gastgewerbe},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {73},
   Address= {D{\"u}sseldorf},
   Series= {Hans-B{\"o}ckler-Stiftung. Forschungsf{\"o}rderung working paper},
   Number= {108},
   ISBN= {ISSN 2509-2359},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Die vorliegende Fallstudie untersucht Struktur und Kultur des überwiegend klein- und mittelbetrieblich geprägten Gastgewerbes auf die Frage hin, wie Betriebe und Beschäftigte mit chronischer Erkrankung, Wiedereingliederung und Teilhabe am Arbeitsleben umgehen. Im Ergebnis zeigen sich sehr unterschiedliche betriebliche und persönliche Konstellationen, die vom abrupten Berufsausstieg bis zur uneinge-schränkt positiven Berufsorientierung reichen. Deutlich wird der hohe Bedarf an Beratungs- und Unterstützungsstrukturen, die aufzubauen für dringend erforderlich gehalten wird." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Gastgewerbe; Kellner; Arbeitsbelastung; arbeitsbedingte Krankheit; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Gesundheitsgefährdung; Arbeitsbedingungen; chronische Krankheit; Unternehmenskultur; Koch; Berufsausstieg; Muskel-Skelett-Erkrankung; prekäre Beschäftigung; Klein- und Mittelbetrieb; berufliche Reintegration; betriebliches Eingliederungsmanagement; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2017; E 2017},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181217v31},

   Author= {Gerhard Krug and Jens Stegmaier and Antje Buche},
   Title= {Are there negative consequences of workforce diversity? Investigating the effect of group faultlines on turnover and organizational performance},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {29},
   Series= {SocArXiv Papers},
   Abstract= {"There is strong empirical evidence that workforce diversity is beneficial for organizations. The theoretical concept of faultlines stresses, however, that diversity can also have negative consequences. This is the case when the subgroups differ not just with regard to one characteristic but with regard to several characteristics simultaneously. This paper is the first to examine the negative consequences of faultlines with large-scale data on organizations in the public and private sector. Fixed-effects-regressions are used to investigate the impact of functional (working time, tenure, qualification) and demographic (age, gender, nationality) faultlines on turnover and organizational performance. We also consider the interaction between firm size and faultlines. Regarding turnover, we do not find the expected negative effects of demographic and only limited evidence for functional faultlines. The effects of demographic faultlines on performance, in turn, are negative for small organizations and become positive for organizations with more than 10 members." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Heterogenität - Auswirkungen; IAB-Betriebspanel; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; altersspezifische Faktoren; Migrationshintergrund; Betriebsgröße; Arbeitsgruppe; Arbeitsleistung; Organisationsanalyse; Organisationssoziologie; demografische Faktoren; Gruppenarbeit; Gruppendynamik; Arbeitsplatzwechsel; Unternehmenserfolg; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2000; E 2008},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181213j03},

   Institution={National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Joanna N. Lahey and Douglas R. Oxley},
   Title= {Discrimination at the intersection of age, race, and gender : evidence from a lab-in-the-field experiment},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {55},
   Address= {Cambrige, Mass.},
   Series= {NBER working paper},
   Number= {25357},
   Abstract= {"We use a laboratory experiment with randomized resumes and eyetracking to explore the effects of race on employment discrimination over the lifecycle. We show race discrimination against prime-age black job applicants that diminishes into middle age before re-emerging for older applicants. Screeners mechanically process black and white resumes similarly, but spend less time on younger black resumes, suggesting they use negative heuristics or taste-based discrimination. Screeners demonstrate levels-based statistical discrimination, believing that younger black applicants have worse computer skills and more gaps in their job histories. We find no evidence that screeners believe black applicants have worse previous experience. Screeners demonstrate variance-based statistical discrimination against black applicants of all ages, suggesting that screeners perceive the stronger history signals for white applicants, with this type of discrimination disproportionately affecting older applicants. We find suggestive evidence that the signal sent by high school attended is weaker for younger black applicants compared to younger white applicants, and we find no evidence that the signal strength of the applicant's address varies by race. Evidence from the CPS and an additional study supports the external validity of our experiment, particularly for female job applicants. Results are robust to different controls and specification choices." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Personalauswahl; Verwaltungsberufe; Diskriminierung; Farbige; altersspezifische Faktoren; gesellschaftliche Einstellungen; EDV-Kenntnisse; Stereotyp; Vorurteil; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Benachteiligte; Männer; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2013; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181220v17},

   Institution={National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {David Neumark and Ian Burn and Patrick Button and Nanneh Chehras},
   Title= {Do state laws protecting older workers from discrimination reduce age discrimination in hiring? : evidence from a field experiment},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {59},
   Address= {Cambrige, Mass.},
   Series= {NBER working paper},
   Number= {25369},
   Abstract= {"We provide evidence from a field experiment in all 50 states on age discrimination in hiring for retail sales jobs. We relate measured age discrimination - the difference in callback rates between old and young applicants - to state variation in anti-discrimination laws protecting older workers. Anti-discrimination laws could boost hiring, although they could have the unintended consequence of deterring hiring if their main effect is to increase termination costs. We find some evidence that there is less discrimination against older men and women in states where age discrimination law allows larger damages, and some evidence that there is lower discrimination against older women in states where disability discrimination law allows larger damages. But this evidence is not robust to all of the estimations we consider. However, we reach a robust conclusion that stronger or broader laws protecting older workers from discrimination do not have the unintended consequence of deterring their hiring." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Personaleinstellung; Personalauswahl; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Verkäufer; Diskriminierung; Lebensalter; Gleichstellung; Antidiskriminierungsgesetz - Auswirkungen; regionale Faktoren; USA; },
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J23; J26; J7; J78; K31},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181220v16},

   Institution={National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Youwei Wang and Yuxin Chen and Yi Qian},
   Title= {The causal link between Relative Age Effect and entrepreneurship : evidence from 17 million users across 49 years on Taobao},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {58},
   Address= {Cambrige, Mass.},
   Series= {NBER working paper},
   Number= {25318},
   Abstract= {"We use an extensive panel of 17 million individuals born between 1947 and 1995 from China's largest online marketplace, Taobao, to study the impact of RAE on the propensity to become an entrepreneur. Using events surrounding the Cultural Revolution and the issuance of the Compulsory Education Law whereby COD policies varied, we conceptualize a natural experiment to identify the RAE effects. The youngest students are 5.4% less likely to become an entrepreneur compared to the oldest within the cohort, translating to approximate 43.7 thousand additional sellers born in September with an estimated USD 1.29 billion in additional annual sales." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Unternehmertum; altersspezifische Faktoren; online; Absatz; Benachteiligung; Schulbesuch; Schüler; Schulpolitik; Schulpflicht; Schulreform; Lebensalter - Auswirkungen; Chancengleichheit; Unternehmen; Handel; China; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1947; E 1995},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: I24; I38; J21; J24},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181212v07},


   Annote= {Sign.: 96-15.0189; 96-15.0189, 1;},
   Editor= {Ute-Christine Klehe and Edwin A. J. van Hooft},
   Title= {The Oxford Handbook of job loss and job search},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {615},
   Address= {New York},
   Publisher= {Oxford University Press},
   Series= {Oxford Library of Psychology},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-0-19-976492-1},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Job search is and always has been an integral part of people's working lives. Whether one is brand new to the labor market or considered a mature, experienced worker, job seekers are regularly met with new challenges in a variety of organizational settings. Edited by Ute-Christine Klehe and Edwin A.J. van Hooft, The Oxford Handbook of Job Loss and Job Search provides readers with one of the first comprehensive overviews of the latest research and empirical knowledge in the areas of job loss and job search.
Multidisciplinary in nature, Klehe, van Hooft, and their contributing authors offer fascinating insight into the diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives from which job loss and job search have been studied, such as psychology, sociology, labor studies, and economics. Discussing the antecedents and consequences of job loss, as well as outside circumstances that may necessitate a more rigorous job hunt, this Handbook presents in-depth and up-to-date knowledge on the methods and processes of this important time in one's life. Further, it examines the unique circumstances faced by different populations during their job search, such as those working job-to-job, the unemployed, mature job seekers, international job seekers, and temporary employed workers.
Job loss and unemployment are among the worst stressors individuals can encounter during their lifetimes. As a result, this Handbook concludes with a discussion of the various types of interventions developed to aid the unemployed. Further, it offers readers important insights and identifies best practices for both scholars and practitioners working in the areas of job loss, unemployment, career transitions, outplacement, and job search." (Publisher information, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Arbeitslosigkeit; Arbeitsplatzverlust; soziale Faktoren; Arbeitsuche; Arbeitsplatzsuchtheorie; psychische Faktoren; ökonomische Faktoren; altersspezifische Faktoren; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahme; Arbeitslose; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Arbeitsmarktforschung; befristeter Arbeitsvertrag; Berufsverlauf; Diskriminierung; Arbeitsuchende; berufliche Reintegration; Arbeitsplatzsicherheit; medizinische Faktoren; Gesundheitszustand; Industrieländer; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 96-15.0189; 96-15.0189, 1},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181206305},

   Institution={OECD (Hrsg.)},
   Title= {Working better with age: Korea},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {132},
   Address= {Paris},
   Series= {Ageing and employment policies},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-92-64-20826-1 ; ISSN 1990-1011},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Korea faces unique ageing and employment challenges. On the one hand, it will experience much faster population ageing than any other OECD country: the old-age dependency ratio (population aged 65+ over population aged 15-64), for example, is projected to increase from 20% today to around 70% in 2050. On the other hand, employment rates of older workers are already very high: in the age group 65-69, for example, 45% of all Koreans work compared with an OECD average of 25% (2016 data). However, most older people in Korea end up in poor-quality jobs after ending their core career in their early 50s, with low and insecure earnings and little or no social protection. This report looks at the reasons for the current labour market and income situation of older workers in Korea, especially the role of employment and employer practices. It examines the best ways forward for policy makers and employers to increase the quality of life and work of older workers whilst maintaining their high employment rate." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Erwerbsbeteiligung; ältere Arbeitnehmer; altersadäquate Arbeitsplätze; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; demografischer Wandel; arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahme; Arbeitsanreiz; Arbeitsförderung; Beschäftigungsfähigkeit; Zeitarbeitnehmer; Teilzeitarbeitsplätze; Altersstruktur; nachberufliche Tätigkeit; atypische Beschäftigung; Südkorea; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181218r10},


   Editor= {Roger R. Stough and Karima Kourtit and Peter Nijkamp and Uwe Blien},
   Booktitle= {Modelling aging and migration effects on spatial labor markets},
   Author= {Stephan Brunow and Alessandra Faggian},
   Title= {Demographic transition and firm performance : An empirical analysis for Germany},
   Year= {2018},
   Pages= {189-208},
   Address= {Cham},
   Publisher= {Springer},
   Series= {Advances in spatial science},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-3-319-68562-5 ; ISSN 1430-9602},
   Abstract= {"Germany is expected to decline in terms of population in the next few decades. In the transition period, the working-age population will shrink faster than the share of pensioners. This phenomena, the 'demographic change', puts pressure on the welfare system and therefore, strategies are requested to face the demographic process. Strategies discussed in the political and scientific debate are the exhausting of the labor force that is available, e.g. employment of females and older workers, and immigration. We consider these channels and its impact on firm productivity using comprehensive German firm-level data. Our evidence suggests that such channels are not harmful for the firm but there is also no strong positive relationship. Thus, at least the channels considered may contribute to the reduction of the burden of the demographic transition." (Author's abstract, © Springer) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: demografischer Wandel - Auswirkungen; Personaleinstellung; Frauen; ausländische Arbeitnehmer; IAB-Betriebspanel; Produktivitätseffekte; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Arbeitskräftemangel; Beschäftigtenstruktur; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1995; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: 90-202.1234},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k181227305},

22 von 554 Datensätzen ausgegeben.