Suchprofil: Ältere_im_Betrieb
Durchsuchter Fertigstellungsmonat: 03/17



   Journal= {Journal of Economic Psychology},
   Volume= {57},
   Number= {December},
   Author= {Stijn Baert and Jennifer Norga and Yannick Thuy and Marieke Van Hecke},
   Title= {Getting grey hairs in the labour market: An alternative experiment on age discrimination},
   Year= {2016},
   Pages= {86-101},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0167-4870},
   Abstract= {"This study presents a new field experimental approach for measuring age discrimination in hiring. In addition to the classical approach in which candidates' ages are randomly assigned within pairs of fictitious résumés that are sent to real vacancies, we randomly assign between these pairs the activities undertaken by the older candidates during their additional post-educational years. When applying this design to the case of Belgium, we find that age discrimination depends fundamentally on the older candidates' career patterns. Older age only robustly affects call-back if the older candidate was employed in an out-of-field job during his or her extra post-educational years." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: altersspezifische Faktoren; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Diskriminierung; Bewerbung; Bewerbungsgespräch; Arbeitsmarktchancen; offene Stellen; Stellenbesetzung; Personalauswahl; Flandern; Belgien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2014; E 2015},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: C90; C93; J14; J71},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1344},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170315b04},

   Journal= {Demographic Research},
   Volume= {36},
   Number= {Art 23},
   Author= {Hippolyte D'Albis and Angela Greulich and Grégory Ponthière},
   Title= {Education, labour, and the demographic consequences of birth postponement in Europe},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {691-728},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1435-9871},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Background: This article questions the demographic consequences of birth postponement in Europe.
Objective: Starting from the fact that there is no obvious link between the timing of first births and fertility levels in Europe, we find that under certain circumstances, birth postponement potentially facilitates rather than impedes starting a family.
Methods: We apply a synthetic cohort approach and distinguish between different socioeconomic determinants of the timing of first births by using the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). Data is compiled specifically to reduce endogeneity and to eliminate structure effects.
Results: We find that the probability of becoming a mother is higher for women who postpone first childbirth due to education and career investment than for women who postpone due to unrealized labour market integration.
Conclusions: Educated and economically active women certainly postpone first childbirth in comparison to women who are less educated and who are not working, but they end up with a higher probability of starting a family.
Contribution: The article contributes to the academic discussion of circumstances that may lead to birth postponement resulting in higher fertility for younger cohorts in European countries." (Author's abstract, © Max-Planck-Institut für demographische Forschung) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Fruchtbarkeit; altersspezifische Faktoren; Frauen; qualifikationsspezifische Faktoren; berufliche Integration - Auswirkungen; Kinderzahl; demografische Faktoren; sozioökonomische Faktoren; Europäisches Haushaltspanel; erwerbstätige Frauen; Familienplanung; Kinderwunsch; Mütter; Altersstruktur; Geburtenhäufigkeit - internationaler Vergleich; Europäische Union; Belgien; Bulgarien; Dänemark; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Estland; Finnland; Frankreich; Griechenland; Irland; Italien; Lettland; Litauen; Luxemburg; Malta; Niederlande; Österreich; Polen; Portugal; Rumänien; Schweden; Slowakei; Slowenien; Spanien; Tschechische Republik; Ungarn; Großbritannien; Zypern; Kroatien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2003; E 2011},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1997},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170223r01},

   Journal= {The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics},
   Volume= {17},
   Number= {1},
   Author= {Jeppe Druedahl and Thomas H. Jørgensen},
   Title= {Persistent vs. permanent income shocks in the buffer-stock model},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {16},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1935-1690},
   Abstract= {"We investigate the effects of assuming a fully permanent income shock in a standard buffer-stock consumption model, when the true income process is only highly persistent. This assumption is computationally very advantageous, and thus often used, but might be problematic due to the implied misspecification. Across most parameterizations, and using the method of simulated moments, we find a relatively large estimation bias in preference parameters. For example, assuming a unit root process when the true AR(1) coefficient is 0.97, leads to an estimation bias of up to 30 percent in the constant relative risk aversion (CRRA) coefficient. If used for calibration, misspecified preferences could, for example, lead to a serious misjudgment in the value of social insurance mechanisms. Economic behavior, such as the marginal propensity to consume (MPC), of households simulated from the estimated (misspecified) model is, on the other hand, rather close to that from the correctly specified model." (Author's abstract, © De Gruyter) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: private Haushalte; Verbraucherverhalten; Sparen; Risikobereitschaft; Haushaltseinkommen; Einkommenshöhe; Persistenz; ökonomisches Verhalten; altersspezifische Faktoren; Einkommensentwicklung; Präferenz; Lebenslauf; },
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: D31; D91; E21},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 2089},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170306b04},

   Journal= {Applied Economics Letters},
   Number= {online first},
   Author= {Nick Drydakis and Peter MacDonald and Vangelis Chiotis and Laurence Somers},
   Title= {Age discrimination in the UK labour market. Does race moderate ageism? : An experimental investigation},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {4},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1350-4851},
   Abstract= {"Governments encourage people to work longer in order that pension promises are sustainable as populations age. This approach presupposes that older workers are welcome in the market. This study undertakes a correspondence test to investigate whether ageism is prevalent in the UK at the initial stage of the hiring process. This study adds to the literature by investigating whether race can moderate the relationship between age and labour market outcomes. The results suggest that older people are penalized in the labour market. They have lower access to vacancies and sorting in lower-paid jobs. A minority racial background exacerbates both penalties. These new results call for anti-ageism and anti-racial policy actions in the workplace." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: ältere Arbeitnehmer; Diskriminierung; Personalauswahl; Personaleinstellung; ethnische Gruppe; Minderheiten; Rasse - Auswirkungen; Gleichstellungspolitik; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2012; E 2015},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: C93; J14},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 099},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170308b07},

   Journal= {Ageing and Society},
   Volume= {37},
   Number= {4},
   Author= {Per Gustafson},
   Title= {Spousal age differences and synchronised retirement},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {777-803},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0144-686X},
   Abstract= {"Many couples want to retire together even if spouses differ in age. Drawing on theories of leisure complementarity, gender roles and social status, this article uses comprehensive Swedish register data from 2002 to 2010 to explore synchronised retirement and its association with spousal age differences and other socio-demographic factors. Synchronisation rates in dual-earner couples (N = 83,986) were 10 per cent for retirement the same calendar year and 25 per cent for retirement the same or the following year. Contrary to theoretical expectations, synchronisation was more common in women-older couples than in men-older couples, although this was largely a consequence of the skewed distribution of age differences. Moreover, spouses' education, incomes, assets, employment and health were differently associated with synchronisation in same-age, men-older and women-older couples. In the total population, average retirement age differed very little between synchronising couples and other couples. Yet women who synchronised retired at an earlier age than other women, whereas men who synchronised retired later than other men. This was partly an effect of the predominance of men-older couples, but men in men-older couples were also more likely than women in women-older couples to delay retirement in order to synchronise." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Ehepaare; Ehepartner; Berufsausstieg; Ehefrauen; Ehemänner; altersspezifische Faktoren; dual career couples; Rentenalter; Lebensarbeitszeit; Arbeitszeitverkürzung; Arbeitszeitverlängerung; Schweden; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2002; E 2010},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 482},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170302b02},

   Journal= {Monthly Labor Review},
   Volume= {140},
   Number= {February},
   Author= {Frederic Pryor},
   Title= {Occupational choices of the elderly},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {5},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1937-4658},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"This article compares the separate occupational distributions of U.S. male and female workers who are 45 to 65 with those over 65 (the 'elderly') to test a series of simple conjectures about the different occupational structures of the two age groups. The conjectures relate to strength and educational requirements of the work, scheduling flexibility, the availability of part-time work, and mastery of new technology." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: ältere Arbeitnehmer; Berufswahl; Berufsstruktur; erwerbstätige Frauen; erwerbstätige Männer; altersspezifische Faktoren; Arbeitsplatzwahl; Beschäftigungsentwicklung; Erwerbsquote; Rentenalter; Altersstruktur; Berufsgruppe; Qualifikationsstruktur; Teilzeitarbeit; Geschlechterverteilung; Lohnstruktur; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2014; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 136},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170215v01},


   Journal= {Journal of vocational rehabilitation},
   Volume= {46},
   Number= {1},
   Author= {Sabine E. Hanisch and Claire Wrynne and Matthias Weigl},
   Title= {Perceived and actual barriers to work for people with mental illness},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {19-30},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1052-2263},
   Abstract= {"Background: Unemployment is high among people with severe mental illness and often hinders community integration.
Objectives: To inform the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation programs, our study examined whether self-perceived barriers to work differ among clinical and demographic subgroups of people with mental illness, and whether self-perceived barriers to work, clinical and demographic factors are related to employment outcomes.
Methods: Multivariate regression analyses were conducted on self-perceived barriers to work, clinical and demographic factors of N?=?279 people with mental illness who presented to Career Management Service.
Results: Older as opposed to younger participants were less likely to obtain competitive employment. Being of an ethnic minority group increased the likelihood of entering education/training but made it less likely to enter non-competitive employment, while no difference was found for obtaining competitive employment. A trend was found for people with schizophrenia versus those with a different diagnosis to be more likely to enter education/training and non-competitive employment. Except for health problems and social/structural disadvantages, self-perceived barriers to work were not related to actual employment outcomes.
Conclusions: The results indicate that vocational rehabilitation for people with mental illness does not occur in isolation but is influenced by factors beyond clinical impairment which generally affect the labor market." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: psychische Störung; psychisch Behinderte; berufliche Integration; berufliche Mobilität; Mobilitätsbarriere; Wahrnehmung; altersspezifische Faktoren; Schizophrene; berufliche Rehabilitation; Depression; Angst; berufliche Reintegration; Arbeitslose; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 138},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170322r05},

   Journal= {Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation},
   Volume= {45},
   Number= {3},
   Author= {Jiana Li and Kelly E. Cichy and Phillip D. Rumrill and Brian T. McMahon},
   Title= {The workplace discrimination experiences of middle-age and younger adult workers with disabilities : results from the National EEOC ADA Research Project},
   Year= {2016},
   Pages= {365-376},
   ISBN= {ISSN 1878-6316 ; ISSN 1878-6316},
   Abstract= {"Background: Little is known about the employment discrimination experiences of middle-aged workers with disabilities.
Objective: This study investigated the employment discrimination experiences of middle-age charging parties with disabilities (ages 35 - 54 years) in comparison to younger adult charging parties with disabilities (ages 25 - 34 years) on demographic characteristics (e.g., gender, disability type), characteristics of employers against whom allegations were filed (e.g., size, industry type), the nature of the discrimination, and the resolution of these allegations.
Methods: The study utilized data from the Integrated Mission System of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
Results: Findings indicated that, compared to younger adult charging parties, middle-age charging parties were more likely to be male and Caucasian; more likely to file allegations on the basis of diabetes, heart/cardiovascular disease, back impairments, and cancer; and less likely to file allegations on the basis of anxiety disorders, manic depressive disorder, schizophrenia, or other psychological impairments. Middle-age charging parties were less likely than younger charging parties to allege discrimination related to unlawful discharge and constructive discharge, but more likely to allege discrimination related to layoff. They were less likely to allege discrimination against small employers and employers in the finance/insurance, accommodation/food service, and retail trade industries. Middle-age charging parties were more likely to allege discrimination against employers in the manufacturing, transportation and warehousing, utilities, educational services, and public administration industries. Middle-age charging parties were slightly less likely than younger adult charging parties to have ADA title I allegations resolved in their favor through the EEOC's investigatory process.
Conclusions: Implications for working with prime age workers with disabilities are discussed." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Behinderte; mittleres Lebensalter; junge Erwachsene; Diskriminierung; Beschäftigerverhalten; altersspezifische Faktoren; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Behinderungsart; Gleichstellungspolitik; Behindertenrecht - Rechtsprechung; berufliche Integration; Personaleinstellung; Arbeitgeberkündigung; regionaler Vergleich; Unternehmensgröße; sektorale Verteilung; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2009; E 2011},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: X 138},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170306r10},


   Journal= {Deutscher Bundestag. Drucksachen},
   Number= {Dr 18/11378 v 06 03 2017},
   Institution={Bundesministerium f{\"u}r Arbeit und Soziales; Deutscher Bundestag, Fraktion Die Linke},
   Title= {Besondere Armutsgef{\"a}hrdung von Frauen : Antwort der Bundesregierung auf die Kleine Anfrage der Abgeordneten und der Fraktion DIE LINKE (Drucksache 18/11215)},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {12},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0722-8333},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {Die Bundesregierung antwortet auf die Anfrage der Fraktion DIE LINKE zur Armutsgefährdung von Frauen mit Angaben zu materieller Deprivation, Armutsgefährdung, zum Anteil der Frauen an den Leistungsberechtigten sozialer Mindestsicherungsleistungen, zur Erwerbsquote von Frauen, zu atypisch beschäftigte Frauen, Minijobberinnen, geringfügig Beschäftigten, Gender Pay Gap und Alleinerziehende Frauen auf der Basis von Eurostat auf Basis EU-SILC und Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder auf Basis Mikrozensus. (IAB)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Frauen; Armut - Risiko; Armut - Quote; Niedrigeinkommen; altersspezifische Faktoren; Niedriglohn; Sozialhilfeempfänger - Quote; Grundsicherung nach SGB II; Grundsicherung nach SGB XII; atypische Beschäftigung; Mini-Job; Lohnunterschied; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; erwerbstätige Frauen; allein Erziehende; Mütter; Arbeitslosengeld II-Empfänger; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2005; E 2016},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 198},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170313r02},

   Journal= {Deutscher Bundestag. Drucksachen},
   Number= {Dr 18/10210 v 02 11 2016},
   Institution={Bundesministerium f{\"u}r Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend},
   Title= {Siebter zur Lage der {\"a}lteren Generation in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: Sorge und Mitverantwortung in der Kommune - Aufbau und Sicherung zukunftsf{\"a}higer Gemeinschaften und Stellungnahme der Bundesregierung : Unterrichtung durch die Bundesregierung},
   Year= {2016},
   Pages= {XXXI, 348},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0722-8333},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Der Siebte Altenbericht hat herausgearbeitet, an welche lokale Voraussetzungen gesellschaftliche Teilhabe älterer Menschen geknüpft ist und welche Aufgaben sich insbesondere den Kommunen bei der Gestaltung von Sorge- und Partizipationsstrukturen stellen. Er enthält konkrete Handlungsempfehlungen an Bund, Länder und Kommunen für eine nachhaltige Seniorenpolitik vor Ort, die den vielfältigen Lebenslagen älterer Menschen gerecht werden und zu möglichst selbstbestimmtem Leben im Alter beitragen soll." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: alte Menschen; Fremdbild; ältere Menschen; Altersrolle; Rollenverständnis; gesellschaftliche Einstellungen; kulturelle Faktoren; Generationenverhältnis; sozialer Wandel; Fremdbild - historische Entwicklung; Arbeitswelt; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Gesundheitswesen; medizinische Versorgung; Verbraucherverhalten; Personalpolitik; Altenpflege; Altersgrenze; Religion; Politik; lebenslanges Lernen; informelles Lernen; Weiterbildungsbeteiligung; Massenmedien; Arbeitsrecht; Rentenversicherung; Leistungsfähigkeit; Altern; Kommunalpolitik; ; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 198},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170330r06},

   Journal= {Ifo-Schnelldienst},
   Volume= {70},
   Number= {5},
   Author= {Anita Jacob-Puchalska},
   Title= {Rente ab 63 betrifft Mehrzahl der Unternehmen},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {27-29},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0018-974X},
   Abstract= {"Das ifo Institut befragt im Auftrag vom Personaldienstleister Randstad vierteljährlich Personalleiter in mehr als 1000 Unternehmen nach der Bedeutung von verschiedenen Flexibilisierungsinstrumenten. Zudem werden in jedem Quartal Sonderfragen zu aktuellen personalpolitischen Themen gestellt. Im vierten Quartal 2016 wurden die Personalleiter zu dem Thema 'Rente ab 63' befragt." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Rentenpolitik - Auswirkungen; Rente mit 63; Stellenbesetzungsprobleme; Fachkräfte; Arbeitskräftemangel; sektorale Verteilung; Mitarbeiterbindung; ältere Arbeitnehmer; Teilrente; Personalpolitik; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2016; E 2016},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 032},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170322b05},

   Journal= {Der Landkreis. Zeitschrift f{\"u}r kommunale Selbstverwaltung},
   Volume= {87},
   Number= {1/2},
   Author= {Konstantin A. Kholodilin},
   Title= {Wanderungssalden der deutschen Metropolen},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {45-48},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0342-2259},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Die Metropolen wachsen immer noch.
Die Gründe für das Wachsen haben sich jedoch geändert: von 2006 bis 2011 war Wachstumstreiber die innerdeutsche Wanderung, heute wird die Urbanisierung vor allem durch Ausländer getrieben.
Bei den zuwandernden Ausländern bilden Männer eine große Mehrheit.
Die Elternmit Kindern und Rentner zieht es stärker ins Inland. Bei den jungen Erwachsenen (zwischen 18 und 30 Jahren), welche typischerweise die einzige Altersgruppe ist, die zu dem Bevölkerungswachstum der Metropolen durch Wanderung aus dem Inland einen positiven Beitrag leistet, kehren mehr Leuten den Großstädten den Rücken.
Bei den Wanderungen in sieben Metropolen aus dem Ausland ist bei fast allen Altersgruppen der Zuzug größer als Fortzug.
Seit 2013 wachsen die Zahlen der Einwanderer aus Asien und Afrika sehr stark." (Textauszug, IAB-Doku)},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Binnenwanderung; Zuwanderung; Abwanderung; regionaler Vergleich; Suburbanisierung; Urbanisierung; Bevölkerungsentwicklung; Ausländer; Auswanderung; Einwanderung; Herkunftsland; altersspezifische Faktoren; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Berlin; Köln; Düsseldorf; Nordrhein-Westfalen; Frankfurt/Main; Hessen; Hamburg; München; Bayern; Stuttgart; Baden-Württemberg; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1995; E 2014},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 1644},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170220b02},


   Institution={Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Christian Neumeier and Todd Sorensen and Douglas Webber},
   Title= {The implicit costs of motherhood over the lifecycle : cross-cohort evidence from administrative longitudinal data},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {29},
   Address= {Bonn},
   Series= {IZA discussion paper},
   Number= {10558},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"The explicit costs of raising a child have grown over the past several decades. Less well understood are the implicit costs of having a child, and how they have changed over time. In this paper we use longitudinal administrative data from over 70,000 individuals in the Synthetic SIPP Beta to examine the earnings gap between mothers and non-mothers over the lifecycle and between cohorts. We observe women who never have children beginning to out earn women who will have children during their 20s. Gaps increase monotonically over the lifecycle, and decrease monotonically between cohorts from age 26 onwards. In our oldest cohort, lifetime gaps approach $350,000 by age 62. Cumulative labor market experience profiles show similar patterns, with experience gaps between mothers and non-mothers generally increasing over the lifecycle and decreasing between cohorts. We decompose this cumulative gap in earnings (up to age 43) into portions attributable to time spent out of the labor force, differing levels of education, years of marriage and a number of demographic controls. We find that this gap between mothers and non-mothers declines from around $220,000 for women born in the late 1940s to around $160,000 for women born in the late 1960s. Over 80% of the change in this gap can be explained by variables in our model, with changes in labor force participation by far the best explanation for the declining gap. Comparing our oldest cohort as they approach retirement to the projected lifecycle behavior of the 1965 cohort, we find that the earnings gap is estimated to drop from $350,000 (observed) to $282,000 (expected) and that the experience gap drops from 3.7 to 2.1 years. We also explore the intensive margin costs of having a child. A decomposition of earnings gaps between mothers of one child and mothers of two children also controls for age at first birth. Here, we find a decline in the gap from around $78,000 for our oldest cohorts to around $37,000 for our youngest cohorts. Our model explains a smaller share of the intensive margin decline. Changes in absences from the labor market again explain a large amount of the decline, while differences in age at first birth widen the gap." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: Mütter; Elternschaft; Einkommenseffekte; Lohnunterschied; Kinderlosigkeit; Lebenslauf; Berufsverlauf; Lebenseinkommen; Einkommensunterschied - Entwicklung; Kinderzahl; altersspezifische Faktoren; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Frauen; USA; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 1984; E 2008},
   Annote= {JEL-Klassifikation: J11; J13; J16; J17},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170303r07},


   Annote= {Sign.: Z 755 08/2017;},
   Institution={Institut f{\"u}r Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, N{\"u}rnberg (Hrsg.)},
   Author= {Judith Czepek and Andreas Moczall},
   Title= {Neueinstellung {\"A}lterer: Betriebe machen meist gute Erfahrungen},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {8},
   Address= {N{\"u}rnberg},
   Series= {IAB-Kurzbericht},
   Number= {08/2017},
   ISBN= {ISSN 0942-167X},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"Die Beschäftigungschancen Älterer gewinnen vor dem Hintergrund des demografischen Wandels und der steigenden Erwerbsbeteiligung von Personen ab 50 Jahren zunehmend an Bedeutung. Allerdings ist bislang weniger darüber bekannt, wann und zu welchen Konditionen Betriebe Ältere einstellen. Der Kurzbericht beleuchtet die Neueinstellungschancen der Älteren aus betrieblicher Perspektive und verdeutlicht, in welchen Fällen Stellen besonders häufig durch ältere Personen besetzt werden." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)},
   Abstract= {"According to the IAB Job Vacancy Survey, more than a quarter of employers received job applications by persons aged 50 years and older in the year 2014. Among them, slightly more than half (56%) hired an applicant aged 50 years and older. Most employers reported positive experiences with these newly-hired older workers. Few employers reported special conditions for hiring applicants aged 50 years and older. If they did, they most often demanded 'special knowledge and expertise'. When looking at actual hirings however, professional experience and willingness to work part-time play more important roles." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: ältere Arbeitnehmer; Arbeitsmarktchancen; Beschäftigerverhalten; Personaleinstellung; IAB-Stellenerhebung; Erfahrungswissen; ; Bundesrepublik Deutschland; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2014; E 2014;},
   Annote= {Sprache: de},
   Annote= {IAB-Sign.: Z 755},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170308301},

   Institution={Great Britain, Department of Work and Pensions (Hrsg.)},
   Title= {Older workers and the workplace : evidence from the Workplace Employment Relations Survey},
   Year= {2017},
   Pages= {102},
   Address= {London},
   Series= {Department for Work and Pensions. Research report},
   Number= {939},
   ISBN= {ISBN 978-1-911003-63-2},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Annote= {URL:},
   Abstract= {"This report aims to understand more about the working experiences of older individuals as well as the potential impact changes in the age composition of workplaces may have on their performance. It extends the evidence base on these issues using data from the Workplace Employment Relations Survey (WERS), a nationally representative survey of British workplaces and their employees. Data were used from the two most recent surveys in the series, which took place in 2004 and 2011.
The research has multiple objectives. First it investigates the types of workplaces in which older workers are more commonly employed. Existing studies have established variations in the prevalence of older workers by industry and occupation, among other factors. The analysis focuses on the workplace characteristics that are associated with employing a higher proportion of older workers. The second objective is to explore the prevalence of age-related equal opportunities policies and practices among employers and consider how these relate to the employment of older workers. Legislation requires employers to treat employees equally regardless of age, but some firms adopt practices which go beyond statutory requirements. The third objective is to explore outcomes for older workers and whether these are affected by employer practices. The final objective is to explore the relationship between the age composition of the workforce and workplace performance; this study is the first to do so using nationally representative data on British workplaces." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))},
   Annote= {Schlagwörter: ältere Arbeitnehmer; Tätigkeitsfelder; Tätigkeitsmerkmale; Personalpolitik; Gleichstellungspolitik; Weiterbildungsbeteiligung; Arbeitszufriedenheit; Lohnhöhe; Arbeitsleistung; sektorale Verteilung; Berufsstruktur; Großbritannien; },
   Annote= {Bezugszeitraum: A 2004; E 2011},
   Annote= {Sprache: en},
   Annote= {Quelle: IAB, SB Dokumentation und Bibliothek, LitDokAB, k170216r15},

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